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Rr410406 Satellite Communications

# Rr410406 Satellite Communications

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Code No: RR410406
Set No. 1
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &
Telematics)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. List the various frequency bands being used in satellite communication. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of di\ufb00erent bands considering the e\ufb00ects of prop- agation media.

[16]
2. (a) Draw and geometry of a geostationary link showing elevation, azimuth and
range.
[8]

(b) A geostationary satellite moving in an equatorial circular orbit is at a height of 35786 km. from the earth?s surface. If the earth radius is taken as 6378 km, determine the theoretical maximum coverage angle and maximum slant range.

[8]
3. What is attitude of satellite? Explain control mechanism employed for it.
[16]
4. (a) Why uplink frequency is higher than downlink frequency. Explain\u201cin detail\u201d.
[6]
(b) Explain various antennas structure employed for satellite communication.[10]

5. (a) De\ufb01ne Noise temperature. How it is used to calculate noise power and derive an equation for C/N ratio for the antenna delivering a power Pr to the receiver with a IF gain of the receiver G(G is a ratio).

[8]
(b) Calculate the system noise temperature of the earth station receiver shown,
assuming appropriate factors as shown in \ufb01gure5b
[8]
1 of 2
Code No: RR410406
Set No. 1
Figure 5b

6. (a) A 36 MHz satellite transponder is accessed by sequence-synchronous CDMA users with bit rate 9.6 kbps. Gold sequences with a length of m=10 are used. The link carrier-to-noise plus interference ratio is C/N = - 8 dB. Assume PSK is used as carrier modulation. Find the number of users the transponder can accommodate at Pe= 10\u22125.

[8]

(b) Consider a fast-hop FSK-FH-CDMA satellite channel where M hops are per- formed per bit. The number of frequency slots in the channel is n. Find the probability of intercepting k users in one bit interval.

[8]
7. (a) What do you mean by monopulse and conical scanning technique? Explain in
brief.
[8]
(b) Explain on what factors an earthstation is classi\ufb01ed as large or small?
[8]
8. Explain about various equipment used in earth station for its satisfactory operation
.
[16]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: RR410406
Set No. 2
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &
Telematics)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. Mention some important milestones in the development of satellite communication
and describe its growth.
[16]
2. Compare the propagation e\ufb00ects in the maritime, aeronautical and land mobile
satellite channels.
[16]
3. Explain in detail about telemetry subsystem with neat block diagram.
[16]
4. (a) Explain how power is generated in satellite.
[6]
(b) What is an eclipse? How it a\ufb00ects the satellite function? Explain the way by
which the satellite functions normally.
[10]

5. (a) De\ufb01ne Noise temperature. How it is used to calculate noise power and derive an equation for C/N ratio for the antenna delivering a power Pr to the receiver with a IF gain of the receiver G(G is a ratio).

[8]
(b) Calculate the system noise temperature of the earth station receiver shown,
assuming appropriate factors as shown in \ufb01gure5b
[8]
Figure 5b
6. Explain the Frequency Division Multiple Access of Satellite System with one ex-
ample.
[16]
1 of 2