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Rr410508 Mathematical Modelling and Simulation

# Rr410508 Mathematical Modelling and Simulation

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02/01/2013

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Code No: RR410508
Set No. 1
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING AND SIMULATION
( Common to Computer Science & Engineering and Electronics &
Computer Engineering)

Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) State the general rules for converting any primal L. P. P. into its dual. [10]
(b) What are the useful aspects of duality in L. P. P.
[6]
2. Solve the following transportation:
1 2 3 4 Supply
1
2 3 11 7
6
2
10 6 1
1
3
5 8 15 9
10
Requirement 7 5 3 2
[16]
3. (a) De\ufb01ne the following:
[6]
i. set-up cost
ii. holding cost
iii. shortage cost
iv. production run.
(b) The demand for a particular product is continuous and shows the following
probability distribution:
Demand
0
1
2
3
4 5 or more
Probability 0.16 0.1 0.3 0.24 0.2
0.0

Find out the optimum stock level if the cost of shortage is Rs. 40 perunit and cost of holding is Rs. 10 per unit. The shortage cost is proportatonal to both time and quantity short.

[10]
4. Explain M.R.P. with a suitable example. Write a short notes on optimal Replen-
ishment system.
[16]

5. On an average 96 patients per 24 hour day require the service of an emergency clinic. Also on an average, a patient requires 10 minutes of active attention. Assume that the facility can handle only one emergency at a time. Suppose that it costs the clinic Rs.100/- per patient treated to obtain an average servicing time of 10 minutes, and that each minute of decrease in this average time would cost Rs.10/- per patient treated. How much would have to be budgeted by the clinic to decrease the average size of the queue from 1 1/3 patients to 1/2 a patient.

[16]
1 of 2
Code No: RR410508
Set No. 1
6. Construct a network for the following project.

(a) A and B start immediately
(b) C and D follow A
(c) E follows D
(d) B and C preceed G
(e) B, C and E preceed F
(f) F and G are terminal activities

Find the total \ufb02oat, free \ufb02oat and independent \ufb02oat for each activity. Also \ufb01nd the critical path, if the durations of activities A, B, C, D, E , F, G are respectively

3, 4, 6, 1, 3, 4, 2.
[16]
[8]
(b) Discuss any four application areas of simulation.
[8]
8. Distinguish Independent sampling and correlated sampling in simulating alternative
system design.
[16]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: RR410508
Set No. 2
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING AND SIMULATION
( Common to Computer Science & Engineering and Electronics &
Computer Engineering)

Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) What are various phases of O. R. problem? Explain them brie\ufb02y?
[6]

(b) A toy manufacturer produces two types of dolls: a basic version doll A and a deluxe version doll B. Each doll of type B takes as long to produce as one doll of type A. The company have time to make a maximum of 2000 dolls per day and each type requires equal amount of it. The deluxe version, i.e. type B requires a fancy dress of which there are only 600 per day available. If the company makes a pro\ufb01t of Rs. 30 and Rs. 50 per doll, respectively on doll A and B; how many of each should be produced per day in order to maximize pro\ufb01t? Solve it by graphic method.

[10]
2. (a) What is a non - linear programming problem? Give two examples of NLPP
stating clearly why do you so classify them?
[10]
(b) Give canonical form of non - linear programming problem.
[6]
3. (a) Describe the basic characteristics of inventory system.
[4]

(b) A company has a demand of 12,000 units/year for an item and it can produce 2000 such items per month. The cost of one setup is Rs. 400 and the holding cost / unit/ month is Rs. 0.15. Find the optimum lot size and the total cost per year, assuming the cost of 1 unit as Rs. 4. Also, \ufb01nd the maximum inventory.

[12]
4. (a) Explain \ufb01xed order quantity system.
[8]
(b) What are the characteristics of two - bin system.
[8]

5. Repairing a certain type of machine which breaks down in a given factory consists of 5 basic steps that must be performed sequentially. The time taken to perform each of the 5 steps is found to have an exponential distribution with mean 5 minutes and is independent of other steps. If these machines breakdown in poisson fashion at an average rate of two per hour and if there is only one repairman, what is the average idle time for each machine that has broken down?

[16]

6. A company in the business of manufacturing equipments for chemical industry has taken up an order. The work to execute the order comprise following set of activi- ties with time indicated against each.

1 of 2