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Computer Memory Based on Protein Bacterio-Rhodopsin - Full Report

Computer Memory Based on Protein Bacterio-Rhodopsin - Full Report

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Published by Abdul Wahid Khan
Computer Memory Based on Protein Bacterio-Rhodopsin - Full Report on Professional Practice Seminar for NITK, IT Department 6th semester students.
Computer Memory Based on Protein Bacterio-Rhodopsin - Full Report on Professional Practice Seminar for NITK, IT Department 6th semester students.

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Published by: Abdul Wahid Khan on Feb 22, 2011
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04/08/2013

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Seminar Report On 
COMPUTER MEMORY BASED ON PROTIEN
……
BACTERIO-RHODOPSIN
 
Submitted by 
Abdul Wahid KhanReg. No. 08IT03VI SEM IT
Department of Information TechnologyNational Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal
2010-2011
 
2
Abstract
While magnetic and semi-conductor based information storage devices have been in use since themiddle 1950's, today's computers and volumes of information require increasingly more efficient andfaster methods of storing data. While the speed of integrated circuit random access memory (RAM)has increased steadily over the past ten to fifteen years, the limits of these systems are rapidlyapproaching. In response to the rapidly changing face of computing and demand for
 
physically smaller,
 
greater capacity,
 
bandwidth,A number of alternative methods to integrated circuit information storage have surfaced recently.Among the most promising of the new alternatives are
 
photopolymer-based devices,
 
holographic optical memory storage devices, and
 
protein-based optical memory storage using rhodopsin,
 
Photosynthetic reaction centers, cytochrome c, photosystems I and II,phycobiliproteins, and phytochrome.This article focuses mainly on protein-based optical memory storage using the photosensitive proteinbacteriorhodopsin with the two-photon method of exciting the molecules, but briefly describes what isinvolved in the other two. Bacteriorhodopsin is a light-harvesting protein from bacteria that live in saltmarshes that has shown some promise as feasible optical data storage. The current work is to hybridizethis biological molecule with the solid state components of a typical computer.
 
3
Contents
1.
Introduction………………………………………………………………………………
12.
Memory Research and Development……………………………………………..............
32.1
Semiconductor Memory Developments………………………………………….
42.2 3-
D Optical Memories………………………………………………………........
53. Protei
n Based Memory…………………………………………………………………...
63.1
Development……………………………………………………………………...
63.2
Process of Protein Extraction…………………………………………………….
93.3
BacterioRhodopsin Photocycle…………………………………………………..
93.4
Data Operation……………………………………………………………….
...... 123.4.1
Data Writing Technique………………………………………………...
123.4.2
Data Reading Technique………………………………………………..
133.4.3
Data Erasing…………………………………………………………….
143.4.4
Refreshing the Memory…………………………………………………
153.5
Actual Implementation…………………………………………………………..
154.
Intrinsic Worth……………………………………………………………………………
165.
Recent Trends…………………………………………………………………………….
176.
Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………..
197.
References………………………………………………………………………………..
20

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