1918 to 1919
– the Ottoman Empire is on the losing side in the First World War;Ottoman forces withdraw from Yemen.
1918 to 1920
– Yemeni leader Imam Yahya conquers southern portions of the country,leaving the port city of Aden in British control.
– Imam Yahya signs treaties with Britain and Saudi Arabia establishing the bordersof the Yemeni state in the south and the north respectively.
– Imam Yahya is assassinated; his son Ahmad becomes Imam.
– Imam Ahmad survives an assassination attempt.
– North Yemen joins Egypt and Syria in the Union of Arab States
– In September, Imam Ahmad dies and is succeeded by his son, al-Badr.
– Army officers overthrow Imam al-Badr and establish the Yemen Arab Republic(YAR). Colonel Abdullah Sallal becomes president.
– The British pull out of Aden and southern Yemen is formed. Southern Yemen islater named the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY).
– An oil boom leads many Yemenis to the Gulf states to find employment,providing a steady stream of remittances to Yemen.
– North Yemen conducts its first nation-wide elections
– Ali Abdullah Saleh becomes president of the YAR following the murder of hispredecessor.
– In May, the YAR in the north and the PDRY in the south unite to form theRepublic of Yemen.
– In August, Iraq invades Kuwait. Yemen sides with Iraq, and Saudi Arabia sendshundreds of thousands of Yemeni workers back to Yemen.
– Only four years after unity, civil war breaks out between the northern andsouthern parts of Yemen.
– President Saleh wins reelection with approximately 92% of the vote.