Budget proposalsseek education cuts
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF
President Barack Obama’s 2012federal budget plans to cut $20 bil-lion in Pell Grant funding for thecoming year and $100 billion overthe next decade, among other cuts.The GOP budget also proposeslarge slashes to education.The GOP measure plans to cutthe maximum Pell Grant to $4,705,which represents a $845 reductionfrom the current $5,550 allotted tostudents. Obama’s plan seeks to cutother features of the Pell Grant inorder to keep the grant at its currentlevel.According to the Stanford Uni-versity Facts website, 17 percent of undergraduates received Pell grantsin the 2009-2010 academic year.Fed-eral Pell Grants are awarded to“needy” students who have not re-ceived their bachelor’s degree.Awards range from $400 to $5,500per calendar year.Obama’s budget looks to end athree-year experiment that allowsstudents to qualify for two PellGrants in a calendar year and usethose funds for summer school.Other cuts will eliminate the govern-ment subsidy that pays the intereston graduate student loans. Under-graduate students,however,will stillbe able to take advantage of thatgovernment subsidy.The three-year experimentaimed to encourage more collegegraduates to attend graduate school,but the Department of Educationfound that the program did notachieved its goal.Since 2008, the Pell Grant pro-gram has experienced a higher num-ber of applicants due to the econom-ic crisis and the growing number of students attending college. It nowfaces a $20 billion deficit.“We’re making some toughchoices to protect the Pell Grant,”said Justin Hamilton,press secretaryfor Education Secretary Arne Dun-can to the Associated Press.Without these steps, the maxi-mum Pell Grant could decline by$2,500 “at a time when the cost of college is skyrocketing,” Hamiltonsaid.
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Line A’s east campus stops.The VA hospital line, to be re-named Line V, will cover the cur-rent C Line service to the Califor-nia Avenue Caltrain Station. TheSLAC line will take over the C Lineroute to Searsville Road and OakRoad.The Midnight Express, whichcurrently travels in only one direc-tion, will become the counter-clockwise Line N and clockwiseLine O.Hamilton stressed that thoughthe changes seem substantial,a typ-ical rider’s route will not changesignificantly. It may, in some cases,become even more efficient.“The changes that are being im-plemented will still allow people toget to the same places that they gotbefore,” he said. “The route mayhave a different name, or in somecases they may need to make onetransfer.”Hamilton said this is the firstmajor review and overhaul of theshuttle system to be enacted in his10 years at Stanford.In order to facilitate a smoothtransition to the new system,PT&Salso revamped its website.One fea-ture allows Marguerite riders tofind the new line that will best cor-respond to the route they currentlytake.PT&S will also host five presen-tations and question-and-answersessions about the new system thisweek. It plans to send out an elec-tronic update to the Stanford com-munity as March 1 approaches andencourages commuters to call if they have questions. PT&S willprovide maps and schedules at allMarguerite stops, rather than just20 of the stops,once it transitions tothe new system.“We went into this saying, ‘isthere a smarter way to do this,froma budget, environmental, trafficstandpoint?”Hamilton said.“And Ithink we’ve come up with thatsmarter way that’s going to haveless impact through emissions andcost less as well.”
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The Marguerite bus system will change several of its routes starting March 1. These changes, according to PT&Sdirector Brodie Hamilton, are designed to reduce inefficiencies and operating costs in the bus system.
mittee, headed by Michael Marri-nan,professor of art and art history,in January of 2008 to look into whateffect that Meyer’s demolitionwould have on the accessibility of printed materials.A second subcommittee,chairedby Matthew Sommer, professor of history,was formed shortly after theMarrinan subcommittee presentedits report to Faculty Senate in 2009.The Sommer subcommittee, as itwas henceforth called, was taskedwith investigating the libraries issuemore deeply.Bender said two main findingscame from these committees. Firstand foremost,it was concluded thatthere should be a “new buildingcentered on the East Asia Library.”Secondly,it was agreed that approx-imately the same number of booksshould remain on campus.A new possibility emerged whenthe Business School announced itsmove to the new Knight Manage-ment Building, thereby leavingGSB South vacated.Bender said that GSB Southwould be a “great fit for the EastAsia Library.”“The old Jackson Library is abeautiful piece of work space,”Bender said. “It’s something wemight even imagine a donor beingattracted to.”“You might not love it from theoutside,”he added,“but it’s actuallya very nice space inside.It has a lotof character and a lot of interestingspaces that could be used in goodways by the libraries.”But the University must addressseveral complications before GSBSouth can become the new home tothe East Asia Library.According to a C-LIB report,some of these challenges includeGSB South’s “distance from thecentral traffic corridor used by stu-dents,”its limited number of eleva-tors and its lack of a loading dock.Another critical factor is the antici-pated loss of central campus stackspace resulting from the move.The C-LIB report also enumer-ated possible benefits.For instance,the Registrar could utilize some of the “existing classroom space onthe site” and the University couldopen “a food service operation, tobetter serve students who will usethe new facilities 24/7.”Herkovic said the University re-mains hopeful that the move will besuccessful.“We are optimistic that GSBSouth would be a great home forthese operations,” Herkovic said.“We really want this to happen andwe really don’t know of an alterna-tive.We are putting a lot of energyinto making sure that this is a suc-cess if the money and the approvalall work out.”Last year, an outside consultantwas hired to study the fit of the GSBSouth Building. The study exam-ined whether the building could ac-commodate operations currentlyheld at Meyer Library.Now, the University is conduct-ing a cost-benefit study. Herkovicestimated that the cost study wouldbe completed by early summer.“It won’t be a simple figure,”Herkovic said. “It will be somecomplex menu of options to retro-fitting the building.”Herkovic said the Universitywould make a final recommenda-tion concerning the project andthen seek approval from the Boardof Trustees.If approved,GSB Southwouldn’t be ready for occupancyuntil 2013. It would take anothertwo years to finalize the transfer of materials and personnel fromMeyer to the GSB South.Etchemendy said that $1 millionhas been spent to study the move sofar. He estimated that the movefrom Meyer to GSB South wouldcost approximately $50 million.“We want to make sure we findthe right location for the East AsiaLibrary,”he said.
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three mini-studies.The first study in-volved the examination of a 2001-2003 dataset of weekly national salesfor 244 fiction titles reviewed by TheNew York Times. By measuring thesize of sale spikes in the week follow-ing the release of each book review,the study showed two main points:positive publicity benefited all titlesand the bad publicity only helpedlesser-known and obscure authors.According to GSB professorBaba Shiv,familiarity with a productplays a crucial role when a consumermakes decision.“The more familiar something is,the bigger a chance it will be incor-porated into the [customer’s] deci-sion,”Shiv said.The familiarity has an impact onall brands and products.Bad public-ity, while damaging to well-knownproducts, provides lesser-knownproducts with more consumer expo-sure. These two processes oftenwork against one another behind thescenes during the decision-makingprocess.“Familiarity,by itself,is a positiveemotion,” Shiv said. “On the otherhand, you’ll have negative emotionassociated with bad publicity.”“Let’s say you’ve got bad publici-ty or bad press on one of your newbrands,”Shiv said.“On one hand,it’smaking your brand look familiar,which is associated with positiveemotion and at the same time, it’seliciting negative emotion towardsthe brand, which comes from thebad publicity.”Whichever wins out in the con-sumer’s mind depends on the “decayrates”of these two emotions,a phe-nomenon that the second study in-vestigated.The decay rate is the rateat which the impact of an emotion,positive or negative,disappears.The second study looked at the ef-fects bad publicity had in well-knownand obscure books over time. Somesubjects looked at glowing and nega-tive reviews for a well-known bookby John Grisham and reviews for anobscure,made-up title.Subjects who read negative re-views of well-known books were lesslikely to buy the book.Negative re-views of unknown books, however,did not affect whether or not thesubject was likely to purchase it.“What is going on here,” Shivsaid,“is that the positive emotion iscoming from familiarity, which is amuch stronger positive emotion,while the negative emotion is al-ready gone.”“In the case of a well-knownbrand, the familiarity is alreadythere,”he said.Shiv explained that “the decayrate of negative emotion will bemuch slower” for these brands,whereas negative publicity “gener-ates much more negative feelings.”
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Flipside’s budget proposal, whichincluded a Segway for distribution.The senators questionedwhether the proposal was seriousand discussed its potential ramifi-cations.Some entertained the idea thatthe Flipside may be trying tomake a statement about problemsin the special fees policy, particu-larly whether or not students takethe time to look at group budgets.“I personally don’t believethat students take the time tolook at budgets,” said Appropria-tions Committee Chair RafaelVazquez ‘12.“Whether it’s a joke or not, if we pass it, they will have a Seg-way,” newly appointed SenateChair Madeline Hawes ‘13 said.“If the Segway does pass, thenI think there’s a flaw in our sys-tem,” added Stewart Macgregor-Dennis ‘13.In an interview with The Daily,Flipside president JeremyKeeshin ‘12 said the humor publi-cation’s approach to special feeswas the best chance “to really getpeople to start looking at specialfees budgets.”During his update, ElectionsCommissioner Stephen Trusheim‘13 briefed the Senate special feesprogress thus far. Student groupswere required to submit specialfees budget information this pastSunday.Trusheim reflected on thedata in light of special fees reformlegislation recently passed by theSenate and Graduate StudentCouncil (GSC).The total amount of funds re-quested increased 11.9 percentthis year, Trusheim reported. If the student body approves all of the submitted budgets, he pre-dicts that activities fees would beroughly $270 per year for under-graduates and $45 per year forgraduate students,not including abuffer amount included to pro-tect groups with high refundrates.Of the 55 groups seeking spe-cial fees, 10 groups reduced theirbudgets from last year and 10 re-quested approximately the sameamount, given inflation. Tengroups are petitioning the stu-dent body to appear on the ballot,with the approval of the SenateAppropriations Committee. Sixgroups are petitioning the stu-dent body without a seal of ap-proval from the AppropriationsCommittee.“Every group has a right to beon the ballot if they are petition-ing,”Trusheim said in response tosenators debating the merits of adding advisory notices to theballot.
The Senate also discussed aresolution expressing support forStanford’s transgender communi-ty. Many senators expressed dis-comfort due to the lack of specif-ic language in the bill and ques-tioned whether it might be inter-preted as a political statementconcerning ROTC’s potential re-turn to campus.The Senate will revisit a billdefining the role of the ASSU So-licitors General next week. Thebill has been a source of disagree-ment between the ConstitutionalCouncil and the ASSU SolicitorsGeneral.With the encouragement of ASSU Executive Angelina Car-dona ‘11, the Senate moved todelay the start of next Tuesday’smeeting to 8:30 p.m. to enablesenators to attend the Judicial Af-fairs town hall meeting at 7 p.m.All funding bills for the eveningwere passed.
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Just as his choice to dedicatehis academic career to Italianstudies was the result of his even-tual decision to embrace an “in-betweenness” of Italian andAmerican culture, Pugliese want-ed to write about Silone due totheir shared cultural background.Pugliese also asserted that im-partiality is impossible in biogra-phical narratives.“If it is true that in some senseevery work is autobiographical,biographical works must be evenmore so,”he said.Pugliese saw his own work asan effort to counter two trends inbiography writing: the tendencyof biographies to degenerate into900-page laundry lists of subjects’lives and the presumptuous use of the omniscient voice. Pugliesealso encountered these very prob-lems in his own writings.“After 10 years of reading doc-uments . . . I could not get to theessence of my subject,”he said.He described his frustrationover being unable to “completelyunderstand” Ignazio Silone. In aninterview with Silone’s wife,Pugliese found that even she didnot understand who Silone wasafter living with him for 40 years.From this experience, Puglieserealized that the role of biogra-phers was not to provide the om-niscient authority on the life of acharacter, but to provide a narra-tive to the story.Pugliese encouraged studentsin the audience to work on whatthey loved and warned that pas-sions can turn into obsessions. Hewent on to describe how his re-search on Silone haunted him dur-ing the 10 years in which he draft-ed the biography.“I never slept so well as I didthe night after I handed in themanuscript,”he concluded.
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