Kerala State is vulnerable in varying degrees to a large number of natural and man-made disasters of recurrent nature that result in loss of life, livelihoods, infrastructure andproperty, and cause immense hardships to the affected population, besides resulting indisruption of economic activity. The increasing vulnerabilities due to a variety of factors suchas rapid urbanisation, environmental degradation, growing population and climate changecompounded the disaster risks in the State and this mandated a paradigm shift from a relief centric approach to a proactive and comprehensive mindset towards disaster managementcovering all aspects from prevention, mitigation, preparedness to response and recovery. Theenactment of Kerala State Disaster Management Rules, 2007 and promulgation of KeralaState Disaster Management Policy, 2010 in line with National DM Act, 2005 marked definingsteps towards holistic disaster management in the State.The Disaster Management Act, 2005 provides that there shall be a plan for disastermanagement for every State
to be called the ‗State Disaster Management Plan‘ and
enjoinsupon the State Government to make provisions for financing the activities to be carried outunder the State Plan.
While the process of ‗hazard, vulnerability and risk analysis‘ on which
DM Plans should ideally be made has begun, it is highly felt that the preparation of plansshould not await the outcome of risk analysis, rather it should be formulated on the basis of extant information and knowledge. Taking in to account past lessons and experiences andbuilding on the good existing systems to further streamline them, a makeshift DisasterManagement Plan for the State has been prepared by Department of Disaster Management.The State Disaster Management Plan Profile launched herewith establishes operational andmanagement procedures for DM and include broad vulnerability of the State, strategies to be