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Lesson 1

Lesson 1

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09/08/2012

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Dialogue
I.(OnaplanefromNewYorktoTokyo)Passenger:
I,\.f
tI,--C"-th'o
Stewardess:
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t:
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t:
P:
S:
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P:
S:
II.
A:
B:
A:B:
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t:
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u:
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(Onthestreet)
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Dialogue
Lesson1
WHATTIMEISIT?
L
Passenger:Whattimeisitnow?Stewardess:It'ssixo'clock.P:WhattimeisitnowinTokyo?S:It'seighto'clock.P:EightP.M.?S:Yes,that'sright.It'snightinTokyonow.
IL.
A:Excuseme,whattimeisit?B:Twoo'clock.A:Thankyou.B:You'rewelcome.
I,\.f
10
Dai-ikka
NANJ/-OESU-KA
L
P:
ImatJanji-desu-ka
S:
Rokuji-desu.
P:
Tookyoo-waimananji-desu-ka
s.
Hechiji-desu.
..
P:
Gogohechiji-desu-ke
S:
Ee.
soo-desu.Tookyoo-waima
yoru-desu
II.
A:
Sumimesen.
nanji-desu-ka
B:
Niji-desu
A:
Arigatoo-gozaimasu.
B:
Doo-itashimashite
2Lesson1Cassettetape=-PackI,SideA

Explanation
\\1
1iiJ*"'(-t
Ii'
t:J."-
t:
0
Imananji-desu-ka.
~)
ims
line1
now
I.-
nent!
-desu-desu-ka
/ma
canbeleftoutasitisinline7ofthedialogue.The
nan
of
nanji
means'what'and
;f
means'o'clock.'
Nan
canbeusedtoformvariouscompoundssuchas
nanban
(whatnumber),
nannin
(howrnanypeople),
nanmai
(howmanysheets),etc.
Desu
roughlycorrespondstotheEnglishverb'tobe'andcanmean'itis,''weare,''theyare,'etc.dependingoncontext.
Tookyoo-desu
Ka
If
-ka
to
Tookyoo-desu,
itformsthequestion,
Tookvoo-desu-ke,
'IsitTokyo?'(SeeNoteonIntonation)
~*"'("-to
;,<
t:
Rokuji-desu.
'I.,
rokujt
line2.
SIX
o'clock
,Roku
(six)and
ji
"II
1-ichlji2-mji3-san;i
I..
'I..
r:
7..
5-gojl6-rokujl7-shlchljl9-ku;f'10-ju'uji11-ju~ch7ji
'sixo'clock.'The
I
4-yoji
'I
8-hachlji
"
12-juum/i
Byreplacing
ji
withother"counters"youcanformvariouscom-pounds,for.example,
ichimai(one
sheet),
nimai(two
sheets),
sannin
(three
3
----------------------~--------------~/

people),
yoban
or
yonban
shi,
especial-lywhenitisusedalone.)
line3
.
Tookyoo-wananji-desu-ka.
r:
Tookyoo
r:
Tookyoo-wa
TokyoasforTokyo
Wa
Tookyoo-wa.
TofindoutwhattimeitisinNewYorkhewouldsay
Nyuuyooku-wananji-desu-ka.
1=-1t
/\.B9'
"'("T
/r;
~~{it)
t.:
Gogohachiji-desu-ka.
""l,""l
gogohechiji
line5
eightP.M.
Gogo
means
P.M.,
and
gozen
means
A.M.
ex.
g~enju'uji
(10
A.M.);
g;]gos~ji
(3
P.M.)
IIiI
r-
I
gozen
ichiji
(1'
A.M.);
gogo
juuniji
(12
P.M.)
""l
ee
""l
soo-desu
*
*
(j'\\
;t
l
."5
"'('To
t"'dtl
Tookyoo-waimayoru-desu.
yesitisso;that'srightnight;evemng
line6
;Z
;z,
:c-)
"'('T
0
Ee,soo-desu.
""l
yoruEe
isusedtoshowagreement.
Soo-desu
means'It's(exactly)asyousay.'Thestructureofthesentence
Tookyoo-waimayoru-desu
isidenti-caltothatinline3,exceptthatthissentenceisastatementratherthanaquestion.
T
s;
;t
-1t,{,
0
Sumimasen.
line7
,""l
Sumimasen
I'msorry.Excuseme,
Sumimasen
isusedtoexpresseitherapologyorgratitude.Hereitisusedtoapologizefortroublingsomeone,
4
Lesson1
Cassettetape-PackI,SideA
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