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Introduction to Differential Equations
1.1 Deﬁnitions and Concepts
1.2 Solutions of Differential Equations
1.3 Initial and Boundary-Value Problems
1.4 Direction Fields
First-Order Ordinary Differential Equations
2.1 Theory of First-Order Equations: A Brief Discussion
2.2 Separation of Variables
2.3 Homogeneous Equations
Application: Models of Pursuit
2.4 Exact Equations
2.5 Linear Equations
2.5.1 Integrating Factor Approach
2.5.2 Variation of Parameters and the Method of Undetermined Coefﬁcients
Application: Antibiotic Production
2.6 Numerical Approximations of Solutions to First-Order Equations
2.6.1 Built-In Methods
2.6.2 Other Numerical Methods
Applications of First-Order Ordinary Differential Equations
3.1 Orthogonal Trajectories
Application: Oblique Trajectories
3.2 Population Growth and Decay
3.2.1 The Malthus Model
3.2.2 The Logistic Equation
Application: Harvesting
Application: The Logistic Difference Equation
3.3 Newton’s Law of Cooling
3.4 Free-Falling Bodies
Higher-Order Differential Equations
4.1 Preliminary Deﬁnitions and Notation
4.1.1 Introduction
4.1.2 The nth-Order Ordinary Linear Differential Equation
4.1.3 Fundamental Set of Solutions
4.1.4 Existence of a Fundamental Set of Solutions
4.1.5 Reduction of Order
4.2 Solving Homogeneous Equations with Constant Coefﬁcients
4.2.1 Second-Order Equations
4.2.2 Higher-Order Equations
Outline of the Method of Undetermined Coefﬁcients
4.4.1 Second-Order Equations
4.4.2 Higher-Order Equations
4.5.1 Second-Order Equations
4.5.2 Higher-Order Nonhomogeneous Equations
4.6 Cauchy–Euler Equations
4.6.1 Second-Order Cauchy–Euler Equations
4.6.2 Higher-Order Cauchy–Euler Equations
4.6.3 Variation of Parameters
4.7 Series Solutions
4.7.1 Power Series Solutions about Ordinary Points
4.7.2 Series Solutions about Regular Singular Points
4.7.3 Method of Frobenius
Application: Zeros of the Bessel Functions of the First Kind
Application: The Wave Equation on a Circular Plate
4.8 Nonlinear Equations
Applications of Higher-Order Differential Equations
5.1 Harmonic Motion
5.1.1 Simple Harmonic Motion
5.1.2 Damped Motion
5.1.3 Forced Motion
5.1.4 Soft Springs
5.1.5 Hard Springs
5.1.6 Aging Springs
Application: Hearing Beats and Resonance
5.2 The Pendulum Problem
5.3 Other Applications
5.3.1 L–R–C Circuits
5.3.2 Deﬂection of a Beam
5.3.3 Bod´e Plots
5.3.4 The Catenary
Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations
6.1 Review of Matrix Algebra and Calculus
6.1.1 Deﬁning Nested Lists, Matrices, and Vectors
6.1.2 Extracting Elements of Matrices
6.1.3 Basic Computations with Matrices
6.1.4 Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors
6.1.5 Matrix Calculus
6.2 Systems of Equations: Preliminary Deﬁnitions and Theory
6.2.1 Preliminary Theory
6.2.2 Linear Systems
6.3 Homogeneous Linear Systems with Constant Coefﬁcients
6.3.1 Distinct Real Eigenvalues
6.3.2 Complex Conjugate Eigenvalues
6.3.3 Alternate Method for Solving Initial-Value Problems
6.3.4 Repeated Eigenvalues
6.4.1 Undetermined Coefﬁcients
6.4.2 Variation of Parameters
6.4.3 The Matrix Exponential
Application: Controlling the Spread of a Disease
6.5.2 Euler’s Method
6.5.3 Runge–Kutta Method
6.6.1 Real Distinct Eigenvalues
6.6.2 Repeated Eigenvalues
6.6.3 Complex Conjugate Eigenvalues
6.6.4 Nonlinear Systems
Applications of Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations
7.1.1 L–R–C Circuits with Loops
7.1.2 L–R–C Circuit with One Loop
7.1.3 L–R–C Circuit with Two Loops
7.1.4 Spring–Mass Systems
7.2.1 Diffusion through a Membrane
7.2.2 Diffusion through a Double-Walled Membrane
7.2.3 Population Problems
7.3 Applications that Lead to Nonlinear Systems
7.3.2 Physical Systems: Variable Damping
8.1.1 Deﬁnition of the Laplace Transform
8.1.3 Properties of the Laplace Transform
8.2 The Inverse Laplace Transform
8.2.1 Deﬁnition of the Inverse Laplace Transform
8.4.2 Solving Initial-Value Problems
8.4.3 Periodic Functions
8.4.4 Impulse Functions: The Delta Function
8.5 The Convolution Theorem
8.5.1 The Convolution Theorem
8.5.2 Integral and Integrodifferential Equations
8.6 Applications of Laplace Transforms, Part I
8.6.1 Spring–Mass Systems Revisited
8.6.2 L–R–C Circuits Revisited
8.6.3 Population Problems Revisited
Application: The Tautochrone
8.7 Laplace Transform Methods for Systems
8.8 Applications of Laplace Transforms, Part II
8.8.1 Coupled Spring–Mass Systems
8.8.2 The Double Pendulum
Application: Free Vibration of a Three-Story Building
Eigenvalue Problems and Fourier Series
9.1.1 Boundary-Value Problems
9.1.2 Eigenvalue Problems
9.1.3 Sturm–Liouville Problems
9.2 Fourier Sine Series and Cosine Series
9.2.1 Fourier Sine Series
9.2.2 Fourier Cosine Series
9.3 Fourier Series
9.3.1 Fourier Series
9.3.2 Even, Odd, and Periodic Extensions
9.3.3 Differentiation and Integration of Fourier Series
9.3.4 Parseval’s Equality
9.4 Generalized Fourier Series
10.1.1 Introduction
10.1.2 Separation of Variables
10.2 The One-Dimensional Heat Equation
10.2.1 The Heat Equation with Homogeneous Boundary Conditions
10.2.2 Nonhomogeneous Boundary Conditions
10.2.3 Insulated Boundary
10.3 The One-Dimensional Wave Equation
10.3.1 The Wave Equation
10.3.2 D’Alembert’s Solution
10.4 Problems in Two Dimensions: Laplace’s Equation
10.4.1 Laplace’s Equation
10.5 Two-Dimensional Problems in a Circular Region
10.5.1 Laplace’s Equation in a Circular Region
10.5.2 The Wave Equation in a Circular Region
10.5.3 Other Partial Differential Equations
Appendix: Getting Started
Introduction to Mathematica
A Note Regarding Different Versions of Mathematica
Getting Started with Mathematica
Five Basic Rules of Mathematica Syntax
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Diffferential Equations With Mathematica - Martha L. Abell & James P. Braselton

# Diffferential Equations With Mathematica - Martha L. Abell & James P. Braselton

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08/18/2013

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