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Gemini Land Landing System Development Program Volume I - Full-Scale Investigations

Gemini Land Landing System Development Program Volume I - Full-Scale Investigations

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Published by Bob Andrepont

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Feb 24, 2011
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02/24/2011

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NASATECHNICALNOTE
O,,
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|
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,¢¢
Z
NASA
TN
D-3869
GEMINILANDDEVELOPMENT
LANDING
SYSTEMPROGRAM
VOLUMEI-
FULL-SCALE
INVESTIGATIONS
by
LelandC.Norman,JerryE.McCullough,andJerryC.CoffeyMannedSpacecraftCenterHouston,Texas
NATIONALAERONAUTICSANDSPACEADMINISTRATION
WASHINGTON,D.
C.
MARCH1967
 
ABSTRACT
Thisreportpresentsthedevelopmentofaworkingsystemwhichwouldallowareturningspace-crafttomakeasoftlandingonlandoronwater.Thislandingsystemcombinesaglidingparachuteformaneuverandwind-driftnegationcapabilitywithretrograderocketsfiredjustabovethesurfacetoreducethedescentvelocitypriortoimpact.Thereportdocumentstheentire3-yeareffortwhichbeganwithscaled-modeltestsandconcludedwithacompletelysuccessfulfull-scalelandlandingdemon-strationatGeminispacecraftdesignconditions.ii
 
CONTENTS
SectionPageSUMMARY...............................1
INTRODUCTION
.............................
3SYMBOLS
.................................
4GENERALDESIGN
PHILOSOPHY....................5
Gliding
Parachute...........................6
ImpactAttenuation
...........................6
SystemImplementationHardware
...................
7LANDLANDINGSYSTEM
........................
7SUPPORTINGANALYSISANDTESTING
................8
AnalyticalDesignRequirementStudies
................8
ComponentDevelopment
Programs..................10
Scaled-ModelSystemTests
......................14
FlightOperationalAnalysisand
Planning...............
15FULL-SCALESYSTEMTESTINGANDANALYSES
...........16
Test
Procedure............................16
TestInstrumentationandSequencing
.................
18TestDescriptions
...........................
20TEST1-TRINITY
BAY,
FEBRUARY2,1964
.............
21222325
TEST
2
-TRINITYBAY,
APRIL
8,
1964TEST3
-
TRINITY
BAY,
APRIL29,1964TEST4-TRINITYBAY,MAY14,1964iii

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