Since this is the focal point of discussion, I must state that heading an organization orinstitution as a duty, is not dominance but leadership. Here, by dominance I mean imposingone's spiritual or secular authority on others with a view to controlling their lives even to minordetails. This is the process which allows one person to paralyse the free will of millions bysaddling them with his own determination.
What is an Urge?
It is a psychological term which may be described as a driving force. A motor car consists of anengine, a body, wheels and scores of other parts. Yet it cannot move without fuel which actuallypropels it. What petrol is to a motor car or coal is to a locomotive engine, urge is to man. Driveis just another word for urge. It is a strong emotional force which comes to control thebehaviour of a person. Of course, man has many urges - the urge to satisfy hunger, the urge togratify sexual desire, and so on. When an ordinary desire gains high intensity, it also ranks asan urge. For example, a man falls in love with a woman. If he is just fooling around with her, heis seeking the fulfillment of a desire, but if he becomes obsessed with the woman, and all hisdreams and actions are directed by the considerations of her pleasures and displeasures, hisdesire begins to rank as an urge for being the driving force of his behaviour. Every urge playsan important role in human conduct but the urge that gains ascendancy over the rest is thesupreme urge; its right operation and magnitude of success or failure may decide the quality of personality.
Dominance-urge, the root of evil
Of all urges, the urge of dominance is the most severe because it goads its possessor to gaincontrol of other members of the species. It is evil by nature because "A's" dominance over "B" isnot possible without the latter surrendering his rights to the former. And, there is nothing moresordid than depriving others of their liberties; it is in fact an act of neutralising the free will of the dominated person for making it a shadow of the dominant's volition. The evil nature of thedominance-urge is displayed by the dominance-hierarchies found in domestic fowl, birds,baboons, bumble bees, crabs etc. It is well explained by what is called "peck order" and iscommonly seen amongst chickens where bird "A" pecks the weaker bird "B" who in turn pecksthe still weaker bird "C". It follows that pecking or repression is the main characteristic of dominance-hierarchy which is organised on the principle of "might is right". A betterunderstanding of this concept is provided by "Lek behaviour" which refers to a communal areawhere two or more males of a species perform courtship displays. By a demonstration of bruteforce, the winner establishes his dominance over all other males of the
herd which acknowledgehis right to seduce any female, and priority to enjoy food and water. This is what dominance isall about - the mania of self-preference to the total exclusion of others.
Dominance-hierarchy, of course, is a must for social organization to avoid chaos, which isanother description of death, but even as a pillar of organization, it is virtuous only when everymember performs the allotted function as a duty to promote the cause of the society.In a dominance-hierarchy based on dispensation of duty, it is the chief function of the ruler toestablish a fair system of administration for the dispensation of natural justice to safeguardpeople's rights and liberties. Therefore, his office ought to rank as the most reverential, but inpractice this is not the case because, as a rule, he does not administer rights and liberties toadvance the cause of people but for the purpose of prolonging his own rule and enhancing hisown dignity. As a dominant being, he knows that more freedom for the people means lesspower for himself. This is against his nature because power to the ruler is what sight is to aneye, lustre to a diamond and usury to a Jew. Since an increase in his power leads to a decreasein people's liberties, he is usually wise enough not to achieve his end with brute force.Therefore, he resorts to hypocrisy and raises the dignity and sanctity of people's duty (excepthis own) so far above people's rights that the former begins to look holy and the latter, profane.By projecting the state as a goal in itself, he makes it the most powerful and the f nal arbitratorbecause it is he who wields the state powers and therefore, the state becomes the shadow of his personality. Thus he prepares a highly sophisticated web of gubernatorial wizardry whichallures people to get entangled in it to suffer a volitional paralysis of their freedom.