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Interrupt

Interrupt

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Published by priyanka
about 8259 priority interrupt.....
about 8259 priority interrupt.....

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categoriesTypes, Research
Published by: priyanka on Aug 22, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/15/2013

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INTERRUPTS
The difference between Hardware and Software Interrupts(eg. BIOS/DOS calls) is that an external device, not programmer, causes the hardware interrupt to occur. For eg. There is a keyboard interrupt which causes the PC toread a character typed.Types of Interrupts and Priorities
 Reset (
 Highest Priority
) –Internal Interrupts and Exceptions –Software Interrupts: SWI (INT #) –NonMaskable Interrupts (NMI): External Hardware –External (maskable) Hardware (
 Lowest Priority
)
 
Interrupt Vectors
All interrupts involve obtaining a
vector (8bit #)
which is used by the MPU to fetchthe address of the Interrupt Service Routine(ISR).The address of the ISRs are in a table inmemory beginning at 00hEach entry (4B) in the table contains IP &CS of the corresponding ISR start address.
 
Interrupt Vector Table
IP0CS0IP1CS1IP2CS2
....
CS8IP8IP9CS9IP70hCS70h
..
000204Mem addr 
Vector
Sys ServicesVec 70h -CMOS Real Time Clock 70h*4Vec 9 -PC Keyboard OR coprocessor seg overflow9*4Vec 8 -PC Sys Timer OR interrupt table limit too small8*4Vec 2 -NMI08Vec 1 -debugVec 0 -divide erro
Note: There is maximum of 256 vectors in Real Mode.

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