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HumanRights in Islam:Compatibility&Universality

HumanRights in Islam:Compatibility&Universality

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Published by Tamim Moeen
brief article outlining universality and compatibility of Islam
with regards to human rights.
brief article outlining universality and compatibility of Islam
with regards to human rights.

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: Tamim Moeen on Feb 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Universal Declaration of Universal Declaration of   Human RightsHuman Rights10 December 194810 December 1948
Article 1.
All human beings are born free andequal in dignity and rights. They areendowed with reason and conscienceand should act towards one another ina spirit of brotherhood.
All human beings are….
…..born free
“How could you enslave people when
all are born free
” the words of Omar ibn Al-Khattab the second Caliph toAmr  ibn  Al-A’as  the  Governor  of Egypt.
And indeed We have honoured theChildren  of  Adam
, and  We  havecarried them on land and sea, and haveprovided them with good things, andhave preferred them above many of those whom We have created with amarked preference.” (Quran 17.70)
….endowed with reason andconscience“And  by  the  soul, and  He  Whoperfected it in proportion; Then Heshowed him what is wrong for himand what is right for him;
Indeed hesucceeds who purifies his own self.And indeed he fails who corrupts hisown self.” (Quran 91.7-10)
….should  act  towards  oneanother  in  a  spirit  obrotherhood
We are all descendants of Adam, hencewe are all brothers and sisters:“O Children of Adam! .......” (Quran7.26 / 27 / 31 / 35)“O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord,Who
created  you  from  a  singleperson
(Adam),  and  from  him  Hecreated his wife (Eve), and from them
both He created many men and women;and  fear  God  through  Whom  youdemand (your mutual rights), and (donot sever the relations of) the womb.Surely God is  Ever  an All-Watcher over you.” (Quran 4.1)“It is He who has
created you from asingle person
(Adam), and has givenyou a place of residing and a place of storage. Indeed, We have explained indetail Our revelations for people whounderstand.” (Quran 6.98)
Article 2.
Everyone is entitled to all the rightsand freedoms set forth in thisDeclaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex,language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin,property, birth or other status.Furthermore, no distinction shall bemade on the basis of the political,jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which aperson belongs, whether it beindependent, trust, non-self-governingor under any other limitation of sovereignty.
Islam states all mankind are equaland are entitled to  the same rights(no  discrimination  based  on  race,colour, sex....etc... as in Article 2)
“…..  No  mother  shall  be  treatedunfairly on account of her child,  nor father on account of his child. ….Andfear God and know that God is All-Seer of what you do.” (Quran 2.233)The Prophet (PBUH) said“O  people,verily your  Lord  is  One,  and  your forefather [Adam] is one. There is nosuperiority of an Arab over a non-Arabor of a non-Arab over an Arab, or of awhite man over a black man or of ablack man over a white man, except interms of piety.”
[Narrated by Ahmed, 5/411; classed as  saheeh by al-Albaani in Ghaayat al-Maraam, 313; it was also narratedfrom  Shaykh al-Islam  Ibn Taymiyah that its  isnaad issaheeh, in al-Iqtidaa’, 69].
According  to  another  saying,  theProphet  (PBUH) said“All the peopleare the children of Adam and Adamwas created from dust.[al-Tirmidhi,3890].Abo Hurairah narrated: Messenger of God (PBUH) said,“God does not look at your figures, nor at your attire butHe  looks  at  your  hearts  andaccomplishments.”[7- Gardens of the Righteous, Muslim]
`Iyad bin  Himar reported:  theMessenger  (PBUH)  said, "God  hasrevealed to me that you should humbleyourselves to one another. One shouldneither hold himself above another nor transgress against another.''[602-Gardens  of  the  Righteous,Muslim].
Article 3.
Everyone has the right to life, libertyand security of person.
Everyone has the right to life, libertyand security of person.
do not take life
which God hassanctified (forbidden), except for a justcause.  And  whoever  is  killed(intentionally  with  hostility  andoppression and not by mistake), Wehave given his heir the authority [todemand  the  Law  of  Equality  inpunishment or to forgive, and to takecompensation]. But let him not exceedlimits  in  the  matter  of  taking  life.Verily, he is helped.” (Quran 17.33)“O you who believe! Eat not up your property  among  yourselves  unjustlyexcept it  be a trade amongst you, bymutual  consent.  And
do  not  killyourselves  (nor  kill  one  another)
.Surely, God is Most Merciful to you.(Quran 4.29)“Say ‘Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join notanything in worship with Him; be goodand dutiful to your parents; kill notyour children  from fear of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to shameful sins(illegal  sexual  intercourse)  whether committed openly or secretly; and
takenot life
, which God has made sacred(forbidden), except by way of justiceand law. Thus does He command you,so that you may learn wisdom.” (Quran

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