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Published by Dr. Surendra Pal

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Published by: Dr. Surendra Pal on Aug 22, 2008
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Microwave Photonics
Space Applications
Dr. S. Pal & V.S.Rao
ISRO Satellite Centre
August 27, 2000Dr. S.Pal & V. S. Rao, ISRO Satellite 2
Microwave Photonics for Space Applications
Hardly two decades back 
, it was almost impossible to convincean RF engineer that – direct detection using photo detectors with internal gaincontrol could be of value and that one didn’t need aheterodyne receiver at visible wavelengths to achieve goodsensitivity. – that micro radiation tracking was possibleIt was not well understood that the noise limitations for opticalcommunication systems were significantly different than for RFsystems and that the quantum noise which was of unconcern toRF engineer, could dominate the S/N issues.
August 27, 2000Dr. S.Pal & V. S. Rao, ISRO Satellite 3
Microwave Photonics for Space Applications
Who would have imagined in 1970s
 – that the major highways of the terrestrial communicationnetwork would be optical fiber systems instead of analog co-axial cable systems and microwave radio relay systems. – that fiber systems would give an option of Gbits/sec systemoperation – that one could have repeaterless system in thousands of kilometers – 
that fiber systems would challenge satellitecommunication systems
that fiber systems would surpass the traffic densityhandled by satellite systems

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