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Section 2 of Lay Person's Guide to Medicines

Section 2 of Lay Person's Guide to Medicines

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This is a list of detailed profiles of 50 medicines.
This is a list of detailed profiles of 50 medicines.

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Published by: S.Srinivasan ('Chinu'); Renu Khanna on Feb 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/11/2014

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What these symbols mean ?
­
- Effect of the drug under consideration increases.
¯
- Effect of the drug under consideration decreases.
s
- Effect of other drugs (those mentioned under the column “Drugs/Drug Class”)  increases.
t
- Effect of the other drug decreases.Any one of the above-mentioned four symbols may be present for each drug interaction  under the column“Effects”. When none is applicable, the column is left blank and explanation of the interaction is given underthe column “Notes”.These symbols are used in the detailed drug profiles only.
Profiles of 50 Drugs
363
Section 2
Profiles of 50 Drugs
 
Aluminium Hydroxide FrusemideAmoxycillin Gentian VioletAmpicillin GlibenclamideAspirin Glyceryl TrinitrateAtropine IbuprofenBenzoic Acid and Salicyclic Acid  InsulinBenzyl Benzoate IsoniazidBetamethasone LoperamideBisacodyl MebendazoleCalamine Lotion MethyldopaChlorhexidene MetronidazoleChloroquine Phosphate              MiconazoleChlorpheniramine Maleate Oral Contraceptives/Birth Control PillsCo-trimoxazole ORSCodeine ParacetamolDapsone PromethazineDiazepam PropranololDigoxin Pyrimethamine & SulfadoxineDiphenhydramine QuinineEphedrine RanitidineErgotamine                         ReserpineErythromycin                       RifampicinEthambutol                         ` SalbutamolFerrous Sulphate TetracyclineFolic Acid (Vitamin B) Vitamin A
A Lay Person's Guide364
List of 50 Drugs with Detailed Profiles
 
365
ALUMINIUM HYDROXIDE
Drug Group: AntacidPrincipal Uses
It provides relief in the treatment of heartburn, indigestion and stomach pain, often associated with pepticulcers, hyperacidity  and dyspepsia. Also used in treatment of hyperphosphataemia (high concentration of phosphates in circulating blood).It has a constipating effect and is therefore combined with magnesium-containing antacids (magnesiumhydroxide, magnesium trisilicate) which have a laxative effect and thus they cancel each other’s unwantedeffect.Fixed-dose combinations of aluminium hydroxide with any other drug besides magnesium antacids isconsidered unnecessary.
How this Drug Works
It counteracts the acid secreted in the stomach and thus reduces the degree of acidity, there by relieving heartburn and indigestion. It reduces the action of an enzyme (chemical) ‘pepsin’ in the stomach, thereby promoting the healing of peptic ulcer.
Dosage and Usage Information
Available Dosage Forms 
: Tablets and liquids with magnesium trisilicate, with others.
Dosage Adults 
300-600 mg (1-2 tablets OR 1-2 teaspoonful) 3-6 times daily 
How and When to Take 
 Stomach keeps on emptying itself and the action of the antacid lasts only for a short while, irrespective of the dose taken. Hence it is important to take an antacid at frequent intervals as well as delay stomachemptying. Food delays stomach emptying and prolongs the duration of antacid action.It is best taken between meals and at bedtime. For continuous effect, take 1 hour after eating, followed by asip of water.Tablets should be well chewed. Suspension should be shaken well before use. Do not swallow the tabletwhole.
What if  you Exceed the Dose 
The effects include nausea, vomiting and constipation. Consult your doctor if the symptoms are unusually severe or the overdose is exceptionally large.
Profiles of 50 Drugs

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