International Journal of Wireless & Mobile Networks (IJWMN) Vol. 3, No. 1, February 2011
DOI : 10.5121/ijwmn.2011.3109 98
, T. Guru Baskar
Department of Applied Sciences, Sethu Institute of Technology, India
Department of Computer Science, The American College, India
Department of Information Technology, National Engineering College, India
Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that dynamically form anetwork temporarily without any support of central administration. Moreover, Every node in MANET moves arbitrarily making the multi-hop network topology to change randomly at unpredictable times.There are several familiar routing protocols like DSDV, AODV, DSR, etc… which have been proposed for providing communication among all the nodes in the network. This paper presents a performancecomparison of proactive and reactive protocols DSDV, AODV and DSR based on metrics such asthroughput, packet delivery ratio and average end-to-end delay by using the NS-2 simulator.
MANET, DSDV, AODV, DSR, Throughput, Packet Delivery Ratio, Average End-to-End delay
A mobile ad hoc network is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that dynamically establishesthe network in the absence of fixed infrastructure . One of the distinctive features of MANETis, each node must be able to act as a router to find out the optimal path to forward a packet. Asnodes may be mobile, entering and leaving the network, the topology of the network willchange continuously. MANETs provide an emerging technology for civilian and militaryapplications. Since the medium of the communication is wireless, only limited bandwidth isavailable. Another important constraint is energy due to the mobility of the nodes in nature. One of the important research areas in MANET is establishing and maintaining the ad hocnetwork through the use of routing protocols. Though there are so many routing protocolsavailable, this paper considers DSDV, AODV and DSR for performance comparisons due to itsfamiliarity among all other protocols. These protocols are analyzed based on the importantmetrics such as throughput, packet delivery ratio and average end-to-end delay and is presentedwith the simulation results obtained by NS-2 simulator. In particular, Section 2 presents the related works with a focus on the evaluation of the routingprotocols. Section 3 briefly discusses the MANET routing protocols classification and thefunctionality of the three familiar routing protocols DSDV, AODV and DSR. The simulationresults and performance comparison of the three above said routing protocols are discussed inSection 4. Finally, Section 5 concludes with the comparisons of the overall performance of thethree protocols DSDV, AODV and DSR based on the throughput, packet delivery ratio andaverage end-to-end delay metrics.