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Rr210201 Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machinery

# Rr210201 Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machinery

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03/13/2013

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Code No: RR210201
Set No. 1
II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007
HYDRAULICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINERY
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) How does vapour pressure a\ufb00ect \ufb02uid \ufb02ow?

(b) Find the torque required to rotate a shaft of diameter 50 mm at 1400 rpm concentrically with a sleeve 50.16 mm in diameter and 10 m long \ufb01lled with oil. Kinematic viscosity of oil is 0.94\u00d7 10\u22124m2/s. Speci\ufb01c gravity of oil is 0.85.

[8+8]
2. (a) Brie\ufb02y explain the classi\ufb01cation of \ufb02ows.
(b) What type of acceleration is to be expected if

i. Streamlines are parallel and equidistant ii. Streamlines are straight and converging iii. Streamlines are curved but equispaced iv. Streamlines are curved and converging.

[8+8]
3. (a) Explain the di\ufb00erent forms of energy in a \ufb02uid.

(b) The cross-sectional area of a convergent pipe is so shaped that the velocity of \ufb02ow along the centre line varies linearly from 1 m/s to 10 m/s in a distance of one metre. The pipe is inclined downward at an angle of 300 with horizontal. Determine the di\ufb00erence in pressure between the two points, assuming the speci\ufb01c weight of the liquid as 7.85kN/m3.

[8+8]
4. (a) What do you understand by \u2018minor losses\u2019 in pipes? Explain when these losses
can be neglected?

(b) The rate of \ufb02ow of water through a horizontal pipe is 0.25m3/s. The diameter of the pipe which is 200 mm is suddenly enlarged to 400mm. The pressure intensity in the smaller pipe is 11.772N/cm2. Determine

i. Loss of head due to sudden enlargement
ii. Pressure intensity in the large pipe.
[8+8]

5. (a) A pipe carries a \ufb02ow of an oil of relative density 0.85. A pitot-static tube is inserted into the pipe to measure the velocity at a point M. If di\ufb00erential mercury ?oil gauge connected to the pitot-static tube indicates a reading of 4cm, calculate the velocity at M. Assume the coe\ufb03cient of the pitot tube as 0.99.

(b) Describe with the help of sketch, the construction, operation and use of pitot-
static tube.
[8+8]
1 of 2
Code No: RR210201
Set No. 1

6. A jet of water having a velocity of 20 m/s strikes a curved vane, which is moving with a velocity of 10m/s. The jet makes an angle of 200 with the direction of motion of vane at inlet and leaves at an angle of 1300 to the direction of motion of vane at outlet. Calculate

(a) Vane angles, so that the water enters and leaves the vane without shock.
(b) Work done per second per unit weight of water striking the vane per second.
[16]
7. (a) How is a Kaplan turbine di\ufb00erent from a Propeller turbine
(b) What are the functions of draft tube in a Reaction turbine.
[8+8]
8. (a) Explain the characteristic curves of an axial \ufb02ow pump and give its uses.

(b) The speci\ufb01c speed of an axial \ufb02owpump is 330 rpm. The impeller of the pump is 1.25 m in diameter. The velocity of \ufb02ow through the impeller is 4.6 m/s. Find the discharge and speed of the pump to provide a head of 2.6 m. Also \ufb01nd the vane angle at inlet at the exterior tip near the boss, Assume no whirl at inlet.

[8+8]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: RR210201
Set No. 2
II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007
HYDRAULICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINERY
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) De\ufb01ne speci\ufb01c weight, viscosity, surface tension and vapour pressure and, men-
tion their SI units.

(b) Space between two parallel plates kept 3 mm part is \ufb01lled with an oil of viscosity 0.2N s/m2. Find the shear stress at the lower plate when the upper plate is moving with a velocity of 1.5 m/s.

[8+8]
2. (a) Derive the continuity equation for one-dimensional \ufb02ow.
(b) Distinguish between stream line, path line and streak line.
[8+8]
3. (a) Name the di\ufb00erent forces present in a \ufb02uid \ufb02ow. For the Euler\u2019s equation of
motion, which forces are taken into consideration.

(b) A pipe of diameter 30 cm carries water at a velocity of 20 m/sec. The pressures at the points A and B are given as 34.335N/cm2 and 29.43N/cm2 respectively, while the datum heads at A and B are 25 m and 28 m. Find the loss of head between A and B.

[8+8]
4. (a) List the Minor losses of energy in a pipe \ufb02ow.

(b) A piping system consists of three pipes arranged in series; the lengths of the pipes are 1200 m, 750 m and 600 m and diameters 750 mm, 600 mm and 450 mm respectively.

i. Transform the system to an equivalent 450mm diameter pipe and
ii. Determine an equivalent diameter for the pipe, 2550m long.
[6+10]
5. (a) What is a Weir? How are the weirs classi\ufb01ed? What is the di\ufb00erence between
a sharp crested and a broad crested weir?

(b) Find the depth and top width of a V -notch capable of discharging a maximum of 0.7m3/sec and such that the head shall be 75 mm for a discharge of 5.6 litres/sec. ItsCd is same as that of a similar (in material and sharpness of edges only) right angled V -notch for which Q = 1.407H2.5.

[8+8]

6. A jet of water, cross-sectional area 20cm2 ,issues with a velocity of 25m/s and strikes a stationary plate held at 300 to the axis of jet.Find the force exerted by the jet on the plate,and work out the components of force in the direction normal to the jet.Also \ufb01nd how the discharge gets distributed after striking the plate. [16]

7. (a) What is Thoma\u2019s Cavitation factor and what is its signi\ufb01cance in water tur-
bines.
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