Introduction to stages of evolution of man
Man like other animals, is a product of organic evolution. He is the mostintelligent vertebrate on this planet. The supremacy of man is mainly due tothe evolution of his hand and his brain. Recent discoveries support origin ofman from apes. The early stages of human evolution are studied by means ofcomparative study of fossils. Later stages are studied using the archaeologicalinvestigations. Human beings belong to a group of mammals called primateswhich also includes tarsiers, lemurs, monkeys and apes. Charles Darwin in hisbook ‘The descent of man’, suggested that man and apes had a commonancestor. About 25-30 million years age ape and man stalk
diverged from thatof monkeys and subsequent separation of apes
and human ancestors occurred5-10 million years ago.
The Significant Changes in the Evolution of Man
Particular significance in the evolution of man was the development of anupright posture (bipedism), increase in brain size and change in skull shape.The other observable changes are the development of the opposable thumbwhich allowed advanced tool use, change in pelvis and spine shape .There wasalso marked difference in jaw size which reduced reflecting changes in thespecies diet.
Ramapithecus and Proconsul:
Ramapithecus and Proconsul were the earliest ape-like ancestor. They didnot walk upright and were similar in size to the chimpanzee, but stockier
.They were present about 15 million years ago. These species possessed adeeper jaw, had teeth with small canines, flattened
molars and thickenamel
. They used to eat seeds and nuts
. The posture was partially upright.These are the earliest fossil ape, persisted until 10 million years ago.
(of plant) tallo.
(Zool) simio , mono.
bajo y fornido.
t/fruto seco (nuez, almendra, avellana etc).