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Boundary Layer Separation

Boundary Layer Separation

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Published by Gohar Khokhar

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Published by: Gohar Khokhar on Feb 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Boundary layer with pressuregradient in flow direction.
Separation & Flow induced VibrationUnit # 5: Potter 8.6.7, 8.2, 8.3.2
Boundary layer flow with pressure gradient
‡ So far we neglected the pressure variation along the flow in aboundary layer ‡ This is not valid for boundary layer over curved surface likeairfoil‡ Owing to object¶s shape the free stream velocity just outside theboundary layer varies along the length of the surface.‡ As per Bernoullis equation, the static pressure on the surface of the object, therefore, varies in x- direction along the surface.‡ There is no pressure variation in the
- direction within theboundary layer.Hence pressure in boundary layer is equal to thatjust outside it.‡ As this pressure just outside of a boundary layer varies along xaxis that inside the boundary layer also varies along x axis
‡ In a situation where pressure increases downstream the fluid particles can move up against itby virtue of its kinetic energy.‡ Inside the boundary layer the velocity in a layer could reduce so much that the kinetic energy of the fluid particles is no longer adequate to movethe particles against the pressure gradient.‡ This leads to flow reversal.‡ Since the fluid layer higher up still have energy tomover forward a rolling of fluid streams occurs,which is called

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