At the same time, skilled labour tend to go to core countries for better jobs and std of living. Hence the periphery is drained of labour and wealth.In the core-periphery relationship, the core develops at the expense of the periphery.While the core attains higher standard of living, the economic growth in the periphery isslowed down or stagnated.In the past, colonised countries were often the peripheries and become exploited. Theybecome dependent on core for trade and development.Uneven development
countries(on national level)Within a country, the core is usually the capital city. It is the most developed part of thecountry with the best infrastructure like CBD, banking etc. and the highest std of living.It therefore attracts the most capital and talent.The periphery becomes the areas outside and surrounding the city. As the distance fromthe city increases, the periphery becomes poorer.As a core develops, the effects of development may spread and stimulate development inthe periphery regions. This is called the
.However, it may also lead to
a backwash effect
such as draining of investment, labour and raw materials from the periphery to the core.