Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
5Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Russian Maritime Policy 2020

Russian Maritime Policy 2020

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,039|Likes:
Published by Daniel Besson
published on http://zebrastationpolaire.over-blog.com/
publiè sur http://zebrastationpolaire.over-blog.com/
published on http://zebrastationpolaire.over-blog.com/
publiè sur http://zebrastationpolaire.over-blog.com/

More info:

Published by: Daniel Besson on Feb 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/30/2012

pdf

text

original

 
APPROVEDPresidentRussian FederationVladimir Putin27 July 2001,Pr-1387
Maritime Doctrine of Russian Federation  2020
I. General Provisions
The development of space and ocean resources - one of the major directions of development of world civilization in the third millennium. The essence of the national policies of the majormaritime powers and the majority of the world community in the foreseeable future will be anindependent action and cooperation in the development of the oceans, as well as the inevitablecompetition on the way.Historically, Russia - the leading maritime power, on the basis of its spatial and geophysicalfeatures, place and role in global and regional international relations. She earned this statusbecause of geographical location with access to three oceans and sea borders, as well as atremendous contribution to the study of the oceans, to the development of shipping, many greatdiscoveries made by famous Russian navigators and adventurers.The Maritime Doctrine of Russian Federation (hereinafter - Marine doctrine) is the fundamentaldocument defining the public policy of the Russian Federation in the field of maritime activities -a national marine policy of the Russian Federation (hereinafter - the National Maritime Policy).Maritime activities - activities of the Russian Federation in the field of research, developmentand use of the oceans in the interest of security, sustainable economic and social development of States (hereinafter - the maritime activity).The legal basis for maritime doctrine consists of the Constitution of Russian Federation, federallaws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the United Nations Convention onthe Law of the Sea of 1982, international treaties in the field of maritime activity, the use of space resources and the oceans.Marine doctrine developed in relation to maritime activity provisions of the National SecurityConcept of Russian Federation, the Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation, theRussian Federation Military Doctrine, Concept of the shipping policy of the Russian Federation,the Basic Policy of the Russian Federation in the field of naval activities in 2010 and otherregulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.The combination of forces and means of the state and the ability to implement the NationalMarine Policy constitute marine potential Russian Federation. The basis of maritime capabilitiesthe Russian Federation are the Navy, the Maritime Border Guard Federal Border Service, thecivilian maritime fleet (hereinafter - the Russian Navy), as well as infrastructure for theiroperation and development, maritime business and naval activities of the state.
 
Implementation of Marine doctrine should further strengthen the position of Russia as a leadingmaritime power, and create an enabling environment for achieving the goals and objectives of national maritime policy.
II. The essence of the national marine policy
The National Maritime policy - is the definition of the state and society, the objectives, goals,directions and how to achieve the national interests of the Russian Federation on the sea coastand inland marine waters, territorial sea, exclusive economic zone, continental shelf of theRussian Federation and on the high seas.The subjects of the national marine policy by the state and society. The state is implementing anational marine policy through the public authorities of the Russian Federation and the bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation. The company is involved in the development andimplementation of national maritime policy, through the representative bodies of the RussianFederation, local governments and associations operating on the basis of the RussianConstitution and the laws of the Russian Federation.The main methods of activity of the National Marine Policy are:prioritization of national maritime policy for the near and long term;determination of the National Marine Policy;management of marine components of building state of the economy and science related tomarine activities;create a favorable legal regime, economic, information, research, personnel and othersupport to the national marine policy;evaluation of the effectiveness of national maritime policy and timely adjustment.
1. The national interests of the Russian Federation in the oceans, the purposes andprinciples of the National Marine Policy
The national interests of the Russian Federation in the oceansThe national interests of the Russian Federation in the oceans - a set of balanced interests of theindividual, society and state in the area of maritime activities implemented through the law of thesea-building state.On the national interests of the Russian Federation in the oceans include:inviolability of the sovereignty of the Russian Federation, covering the internal maritimewaters, territorial sea and the airspace above them, on the floor and subsoil;to ensure the sovereign rights and jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, carried out in theexclusive economic zone and continental shelf of the Russian Federation for theexploration, development and conservation of natural resources, both living and non-livingat the bottom, in the subsoil and the superjacent waters, the management of these resources,energy production through the use of water, currents and wind, and the creation and use of artificial islands, installations and structures, marine scientific research, protection andpreservation of the marine environment;
Maritime Doctrine of the Russian Federation 2020
- 2 -
 
freedom of the high seas, including freedom of navigation, operations, fisheries, research,freedom to lay submarine cables and pipelines;protection of human life at sea, the prevention of marine pollution, the control of the vitalsea communications, the creation of conditions conducive to the benefit of the maritimeeconomic activities of the Russian Federation population, especially its coastal regions, aswell as the state as a whole.The objectives of the National Marine PolicyThe objectives of the national marine policy is to implement and protect the interests of theRussian Federation in the oceans and the strengthening of the position of the Russian Federationamong the leading maritime nations.The main objectives of the national marine policy are:preservation of the sovereignty inland marine waters, territorial sea and airspace abovethem, on the bottom and in the subsoil;implementation of the jurisdiction and protection of sovereign rights in the exclusiveeconomic zone for exploration, development and conservation of natural resources, bothliving and non-living at the bottom, in the subsoil and the superjacent waters, themanagement of these resources, energy production through the use of water, currents andwind, the creation and use of artificial islands, installations and structures, marine scientificresearch and conservation of the marine environment;realization and protection of sovereign rights over the continental shelf of the RussianFederation for the exploration and exploitation of its resources;realization and protection of freedom of the seas, including freedom of navigation,operations, fisheries, research, freedom to lay submarine cables and pipelines;protection of the Russian Federation with the marine areas, protection and the protection of national borders the Russian Federation, sea and airspace.The principles of national maritime policyThe principles of national maritime policies include basic general provisions that govern thesubjects of national maritime policy during its formation and implementation.The principles of national maritime policy are:compliance with generally accepted norms of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation in the implementation of maritime activities;the priority of political-diplomatic, economic, information and other non-military means inresolving conflicts in the oceans and the removal of threats to national security of theRussian Federation with the ocean and marine areas;possession of the necessary naval capabilities and its effective use, if necessary, to forceStates to support the marine activities;integrated approach to maritime activities in general and its differentiation in certain areas,taking into account the changes of priority depending on the geopolitical situation;
Maritime Doctrine of the Russian Federation 2020
- 3 -

Activity (5)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Reni Eka Wardani liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->