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Table Of Contents

AD'D<dkrif;om;vkyfv#ifyif juD;yGm;Edlifrnf[ka_ymqdkxifaju;ay;um
ESifhatmifausmfrdk;wdkh xdkwHcg;csyfrSav#mufvSrf;0ifoGm;juaomtcg
0wfpm;qif<OfrSKrsm;ESifh xdktcef;xJwGif@Sdaejuonf? rdef;uav;wdkh>
ESKwfcrf;eDyg;eDrsm;qdk;v#uf txl;yif_yifqifxm;juonf? rdef;uav;
0wfxm;juonf? twGif;cHabmif;bDav;rsm;udkyif xGif;azgufum
@Snf@Snfa_zmifha_zmifhESifh umrqGJaqmiftm;aumif;aomudk<fvHk;udk<fxnf
@Sdonf? txl;o_zifh wifyg;qHkonftdwif;um cyfaumufaumufav;
ESKwfcrf;yg;yg;av;ESifh @kyftawmfacsmonf? rsufawmifav;rodrom
ESmwHay:ay:| ESKwfcrf;xl_yD; ar;aphcÈefonf? @kyfu ukvm;qif_zpfaomf
(tcsdefoHk;em7Domomcefh) aysmfyg;cusyfoHk;axmifay;7v#uf tcef;cu
ZmwfoGif;cH7_yD; cdkif;pm;cH7awmhrnfhrdef;uav;rsm;)udk xdkbD'dkxJrsm;xJ
0ifa7mufykef;atmif;apum bD'dkudkt_yifbufrSaomhcwfvdkufonf?
0ifcJhonf? atmifausmfrdk;uvnf; apmrlESifhvufcsif;wGJum tcef;(6)xJodkh
0ifvdkufjuonf? tdyfcef;rsm;onf tawmfyifom;om;em;em;_yifqif
ZmaygufpGyfus<fvuf_ywfom@Sdawmh7m uspfvpfoefrmaomvufarmif;
'l;axmufumxdkifI abmif;bDcGjum;rSZpfudk qGJzGifhonf? abmif;bD
0if;0if;wdkhvdk aju;pm;r<fawmh rvkyfzl;ao;yg? _yD;awmh a_ym7rnf
'gjuD;ESifhvkyfv#if 0if;0if;qdkaomaumifrav; cHrScHEdlifygrnf
7onfhESpfjudrfxuf txl;yifydkIpdwfvSKyf@Sm;7ifzdkp7maumif;rnfudkvnf;
0if;0if;>vufwqkyfpmyifru? 0if;0if;>vufrsm;onf vD;acsmif;
0if;0if;onf touf(18)ESpft@G<f usef;rmoefpGrf;_yD; aoG;om;
7ruftm;xef_yif;rSK_zpfavh@Sdygonf? 'gayr<fh <ckvdkvD;udkp_rifum
@Sdonf? a[m- -tckawmh <cifuvdkr[kwf? tvkyfoabmt7
0if;0if;u toHvGifvGifav;ESifh cyf_rL;_rL;7<fvkdufonf?
0if;0if;u wcpfcpfom7<farmaeonf?
ESpfOD;ESpfzufwufnDvufnDcHpm;vdkonf? xdkajumifh aju;juD;ay;um
0wfvpfpvpfudk<fcEÉmudk udkifwG<fyGwfoyfonf? juD;rm;wkwfcdkif
EdkhoD;rsm;udk pdkhonf? zifjuD;udk ykwfonf? zifom;_crf;juD;rsm;udk
0if;0if;u cyfoJhoJhav;_yefxl;onf? armoHav; ygaeonf?
ESpfjudrfr#acsmif;junfhcJh7_yD;_zpfaomfvnf; onfvdktzkwfudk aoaocsmcsm
ESpfcktjum;wGif aqmifhajumifh0ifxdkifonf? olha_cz0g;ESpfbufu
0if;0if;>pGifhum;vHk;uspfonfh zifqHktdtdjuD;>wbufpDwGif csxm;onf?
ESKwfcrf;om;rsm;uvnf;xlum rdkhwpfaeonfrdkh xdk;oGif;7wm pD;pD;ydkifydkif
@Sdonf? t7omvnf; aumif;vSonf? aiGay;ac:xm;onfh aju;pm;
ESifhppcsif; t7rf;roGif;? tvdk;cHrdef;r vD;tawGhESifhjuD;rm;wkwfcdkifrSKudk
(3)vufreD;eD;@Sdonf? 'pfxdyfzl;u cyfvHk;vHk;_zpfonf? zdIxdk;oGif;7m
0if;0if;uvnf; tvdkufoifhyif apmufywf_zJay;xm;onfrdkh vD;'pf_yJvef
0if;0if;>apmufywfxJodkh xdk;oGi;f_yefxkwftomvSKyf@Sm;um a!SmifhI
0if;0if;>csdKif;rsm;atmufrS b<fnmvufESpfbufv#dKoGif;v#uf
0if;0if;rSm aju;pm;r<fb0| tvdk;cHzl;onfhtawGhtjuHK
0if;0if;xifxm;onfhtwdkif;yif pdk;rif;atmifu cyfjurf;jurf;aqmifhvdk;
7ifawGaumhjuGwufvmonf? pdk;rif;atmifu aumhwufvmaom
7ifbwfay:rSEdkhESpfvHk;udk pHkudkifumqGJ!Spfvdkuf_yD; ig;ar$xdk;aqmifhenf_zifh
EdkhoD;rsm;udk zdyGwfay;onf? 0if;0if;wa<muf pdwfawGxjuG@Gvm7onf?
0wGif_yLxGufvmaomtcg atmufyifhaqmifhenf;_zifhcyf_yif;_yif;aqmifh
@Sifh? Edkhudk wtm;qGJprf;yg- - ß
<ciftvdk;cHcJh7rSKrsm;ESifhvnf;rwl| udk<fwdkifvnf;t7rf;pdwfygum
<ckvdk;aeoludk vdkvm;wyfrufoabmusrSKuvnf; t_ynfht0@Sdae
ESpfa<muf tay;t<lr#aeju7m t7omuvnf; a_ymzG<fr@Sdatmifudk
ESifh wudk<fvHk;wkefcgvSKyf@Sm;atmif Ø_yD;×7rSKrsdK;r@SdcJhyg? rpdkhrydkhav;
Edkhudkifvdkuf| zifyGwfvdkufvkyfaeonf? pdk;rif;atmifonf aju;pm;rdef;r
7ifom;rsm;vdkyif EkxGwfumwif;7if;aeqJ_zpf7m udkifvdkhaumif;vSonf?
<lvdkufjuonf? pdk;rif;atmifESifh0if;0if;wdkhonf rsufESmcsif;qdkifv#uf
0if;0if;> auG;!$wfaeaomcg;odrfodrfav;udktomudkifum aemufodkh
'def;ueJckefum vD;juD;aighueJvSKyfonf? pdk;rif;atmifu cyfqwfqwf
0if;0if;u ar;onf?
0if;0if; cHwifatmufodkhqif;onf? _yD;awmh cHwifapmif;wGif
'l;udkauG;!$wfumjurf;_yifrSmaxmufv#uf cHwifapmif;wGif
0rf;ysOfom;uyfum ukef;ay;7onf? xdktcg 0if;0if;>udk<ftay:ydkif;onf
@Smonf? aumifrav;onf umrpyf<SufrSKwGif apmufywfudkvdk;wm
@SHKhvdkufrdonf? aygif7if;cGjum;rSapmufywfudk xrDvSefumudkifyGwfrdonf?
@SdaecJh7m yxrwacgufacsmif;junfhpOfuyif junfh7if;twGif;cHabmif;bD
7onf? xdkajumifhaemufydkif;tacgufacsmif;junfh7aomtcgrsm;wGif
ESifhomjunfhcJh7onf? xrDvSefumapmufywfudktomudkifyGwf7if;
0if;0if;u toHwkefwkefav;_zifha_ymum @SHKhxm;aomptdk0udk
7if'def;ueJckefum yg;pyfrSa<mif<rf;atmfrdonf? xdkaemufawhaxmuf
0if;0if;tHav;judwf| rsufaphpHkrSdwfum toufatmifhxm;vdkufonf?
7aom0if;0if;c_rm zifjuD;wqwfqwfwkefcgv#uf tonf;cdkufatmifyif
0ifoGm;_yD;7if aumif;vmrSmaygh? rif;vnf; zifvdk;cHzl;om;eJhuGm ß
7ifbwfudkawmh juGay;vdkuf@Smonf? tcaju;aiG<lItvdk;cHaeonfrdkh
ESpfoufoabmusaeonfrdkh zifxJwGifvD;'pfjuD;xdk;oGif;xm;rSKajumifh
EdkhtHkjuD;ESpfvHk;udkudkifonf? vD;udkawmh zifxJqufroGif;ao;?
@Sif? usrav tudkhpdwfjudKufzifcHay;csifygw<f? t7rf;emvGef;vdkh
0ifatmifoGif;xm;_yD;rS _yefrxkwfyg7apeJhawmhuGm? rif;zifaygufav;u
(rdef;ryDyD) 0if;0if;uvnf;oabmusum| tav#mhay;csifpdwfawG
<ck0if;0if;zifxJzdxdk;oGif;xm;7m vD;wefw0ufomomig;vufrausmf
(3)vausmfausmfr#aom zgoufwrf;umvtwGif;| 0if;0if;tae_zifh
7aomajumifh) zifukef;cJh7aomfvnf; 0if;0if;tzdkht7rf;emjuifonfu
<ckpdk;rif;atmif>vD;ESifh zifvdk;cH7rSKuawmh <cifzifcHcJh7onf
(apmufywfudkvdk;cJhonfhvD;rsm;vnf; yg@Sdygonf?) xufydkjuD;rm;wkwfcdkif
0ifv#if0ifoavmuf wudk<fvHk;zdef;ueJ@Sdef;ueJ_zpfoGm;7onf?
0if;0if;pum;rqHk;rDyif pdk;rif;atmifuvD;juD;udk zifaygufxJ
7avatmif pdk;rif;atmifu 0if;0if;>zifqHk;00wpfwpfjuD;udk
7onfrSm wif;wif;juyfjuyfESifhxdawGhrSKtvGefaumif;aeonf?
wcsD_yD;wcsD qufwdkufudkØ_yD;×Iaeonf? b<fESpfcsDavmufØ_yD;×cJhonfudk
0if;0if;zifacgif;xJ_ynfhv#Hatmifyef;xkwfay;_yD; zifvdk;cef;wpcef;owfonf?
ESpfa<mufom;wa<mufudkwa<mufzufI cHwifay:wGiftomrSdef;um
0if;0if;urltdyf7mzHk;juD;udk 7ifbwftxdqGJrum zHk;zHk;zdzd_zpfatmif
0if;0if;u cyfpGmpGm_yefyufonf?
0wGif vD;awhonf? apmrlu aygifudkcyfum;um;_yKum qD;pyfav;
@kdufESufv#if cHvdkuf@kHom@Sdonf?
0ifEdlifajumif;odonfhtwGuf pdk;rif;atmifu<ckvdk wcgwnf;tqHk;
7avonf? xdkaemufwGif0if;0if;rSm apmrludkvSrf;ra_ymEdlifawmhyg?
0ifaerSKajumifh emjuifusdef;pyfum| tawmfudktae7cufaeonf?
@Smonf? q<fcsufausmfausmf a_rpdkufaqmifhenf;_zifh cyfjurf;jurf;
ZmwfoGif;cH7awmhrnfhrdef;uav;rsm;xuf TudpPwGifydkIpdwfygrSK
@Sdaeavonf? xl;t<fonf apmrlb<fvdktaetxm;rsdK;_zihfquftvdk;cH
7wm tawmfudkaumif;onf? apmif;Itdyfcsxm;aomzifqHkatmufwGif
@SHKhcsDyGcsDvSKyf@Sm;v#uf apmufacgif;aygufxJt7if;wdkifdk;oGif;zduyfxm;
'pf_yJjuD;vefae7m xl;t<frqdkxm;ESifh| aju;pm;zgb0a7mufaeESifh_yD;ol
'gayr<fh juyf_ynfhodyfaeatmifwdk;0ifaeaomvD;acsmif;juD;>
7ifzdkarm[dkufzG<f7mtxdtawGhudkawmh onf;vSdKuf7ifzdkatmifyif
@Sdaeum| zifaxmifvdk;enf;taetxm;odkha_ymif;IoGm;onf?
OD;oef;0if; tawmfyifa7v#Haeonf? rdrdb0uHjurRmwrsdK;a_ymif;
<leefrusif;<karESifhqufoG<frdum odef;ckESpf7mausmfwefausmufta7mif;
ESifhodrf;oGif;EdlifrSK| usif;<kar>0<fvuftay:odrf;oGif;EdlifrSKwdkh_zifh
ZmwfoGif;avhusifhta_cus_yD;aomrdef;uav;rsm;udk yif7if;ae7mrsm;rS
0<f<lum te<fe<ft7yf7yf@SdZdrfcef;rsm;odkh_yefvnfa7mif;cs7if;
7efydkifuawmh touf(30)t@G<f| @kyfa_zmifha_zmifh| @SdK;aumif;aumif;
Zmwfvdkufrif;om;@kyfzrf;aeol_zpfonf? <leefrjuD;usif;<kar>
7efydkifu OD;oef;0if;vbuf7nfESifhuD;rm;yvmwmpm;aeaom
7efydkifa_ymaomØypPnf;×qdkonfrSm _ynfhwefqmvkyfief;twGuf
7efydkifta7mif;t0<fvkyfrnfhae7monf rEWav;_rdKh_yif_rdKhopfwae7m@Sd
7ao;onfhtay:qHk;xyftcef;wcef;odkhac:oGm;onf? xdktcef;xJodkh
ESpfa<mufu touf(20)cefh? wa<mufu (18)ESpfcefh? wa<mufu
(17)ESpfcefh? wa<mufu (16)ESpfomom_zpfonf? w@kwfu_ym;r|
@Srf;r| 7cdkifr| Armr| @Srf;w@kwfrtrsdK;vnf;pHkonf? !kd!kd| _zL_zL|
OD;oef;0if;uvnf; junfhonf? rdef;rxdef;[kqdk7rnfhausmfjuD;u
7olav;_zpfonf? onftvkyfawGudk oluav;c_rm@GH@Smaomfvnf;
@Sdaejuonf? cg;ao;usifI zifjuD;um;tdonf? aygifwefrsm;wkwf_zdK;_yD;
@Suf@SufESifhyif 0wfvpfpvpfvrf;av#muf_y7@Smonf? vrf;av#mufaom
EdkhtHkjuD;rsm; wtdtdvSKyf@Sm;oGm;yHkwdkhrSm _rif7olrsm;b0ifwkefzG<f7m
@Srf;rav;>apmufywfudk udkifjunfhcsifpdwfrsm;wzGm;zGm;ay:vmonf?
7efydkifonf ol0<f<lrnfhaumifrav;udk aoaocsmcsmppfaq;junfh@SK
EdkhtHkom;juD;rm;vHk;0ef;rSKudkqjunfhovdk ttdtwGJr@Sdaoaocsmcsm
EkxGwfwif;rmonf? tdwGJ_cif;r@Sd? qkyfudkifzspf!Spfjunfh7m _zLtkaom
EdkhtHkom;rsm; vufacsmif;rsm;tjum;rSwpfIxGufvmonf? @Srf;rav;
EdkhtHkESifhEdkhoD;rsm;udk udkifprf;_yD;aemuf 7efydkifucdkif;onf?
@Sdonf? 7efydkifu vuf0g;ESifhtkyfum wcsufESpfcsufyGwfay;vdkuf7m
@Srf;rav;rSm qwfueJqwfueJwkef7ifv#uf apmufywfvnf;rdkhazgif;
0<f<lrnfholu rdrdapmufywftm;ususeeudkifwG<fprf;oyfjunfhaerSKudk
>wHkh_yefvSKyf@Sm;rSKta_ctaeudkvnf; aoaocsmcsmtuJcwfjunfhaeonf?
@SufvSonf? _yD;awmh pdwfvnf;t7rf;vSKyf@Sm;onf? onfr#avmuf
7uf7ufa7ma7mzif_zJjunfhwmudk rcHvdkyg? zHk;zHk;zdzdvkyfzdkh7muvnf;
7efydkifzif_zJjunfhaeonfudk OD;oef;0if;u tomudk<fudkif;I
OD;oef;0if;u tHjudwfuma_ymonf?
7efydkifESifhOD;oef;0if;wdkh t_yeftvSefa_ymqdkaejuaompum;oH
7efydkifu vSrf;ar;onf?
OD;oef;0if;>rSwfcsufpum;ajumifh apm_roDwmrSm vJaocsifpdwf
OD;oef;0if;vnf; apm_roDwm>ptdkaygufxJxdk;xnfhar$aeaom
7efydkifpdk;u vufcv<fudkwHawG;qGwf7if;a_ymonf? apm_r
7ifjuD;awG| wifjuD;awG tukef[JADqdkufjuD;? tukef[JAD;qdkufjuD;|
Asm? toifhpm;@kH| cdkif;@kHyJ? cifAsm;ay;wJhaps; b<f7EdlifrSmvJ?
'gayr<fh uÈefawmfhrSmygvmwmeJh tJ'DavmufrEdlifvdkhyg? ß
7efydkifu pOf;pm;[ef_zihfacgif;ukwfonf?
7efydkifu aiGoHk;odef;_zifh0<f<lvdkufavonf? tydkifxdef;pmcsKyfoabm
0wfvpfpvpfESifht_ym"gwfyHkrsm;t_ynfhxnfhxm;aom "gwfyHkt<fvfbef
OD;oef;0if;onf ausmfjuD;xkwf_yaomrdef;uav;ig;a<mufwGif oDcsif;
OD;oef;0if;u tomvufum_yD;a_ymvdkuf7m pydkh@Syfus<foD;rsm;
<ck 0wfvpfpvpfrcÈwf_ycdkif;yJ oDcsif;omqdk_ycdkif;I ausmfjuD;
<l_yD; usefaiGoHk;odef;udkawmh xl;t<fu7@Sdonf? ta7mif;t0<fudpP
7@Sdonf? pwdk;qdkifjuD;wqdkifa@ShwGif7yfum xl;t<ftwGuf
'gayr<fholrxHwGif aiGw_ym;wcsyfrSr@Sdaomajumifh 7efydkifxHrSom
7efydkifu cyfqwfqwfa_ymvdkuf7m apm_roDwmrSm idkrJhrJhav;
OD;oef;0if;uapm_roDwmudk aiGwaomif;xkwfay;vdkufonf?
OD;oef;0if;a_cmufv_ywfiSm;xm;aomwdkufcef;odkh vdkufydkhay;onf?
OD;oef;0if;ESifhrdef;uav;ESpfa<mufwdkhtm;csxm;cJh_yD;aemuf 7efydkif_yefvm
OD;oef;0if; a_cmufv_ywfiSm;xm;aomwdkufcef;rSm ig;xyf
ESifhteufa7miftwGif;cHabmif;bDwdkhudk atmufcH0wfum| teufa7mif
OD;oef;0if;a@G;cs<fay;xm;aomoDcsif;rsm;udk wyk'f_yD;wyk'foDqdkay;_yD;
OD;oef;0if;u xl;t<f>aw;oHvGifhysHhaeaomtdyfcef;xJrS cHwifjuD;
OD;oef;0if;onf apm_roDwmudk tomodkif;zufonf? apm_roDwm
!Sif;yef;rSKrsm;atmufwGif t@SHK;ay;vufaÕrmuf_yD;| b0epfrGef;cJh7olav;
OD;oef;0if;udkawmh rdrduvnf; aus;Zl;wHkh_yefonfhoabm_zifh
ESKwfcrf;av;cyfplpl_yKI yg;pyfcsif;xduyfvdkufonf? OD;oef;0if;u
ESKwfcrf;v$mav;ESpfcktjum;rS v#mzsm;eDeD7J7Jav;udkxdk;xkwfay;xm;
ESKwfcrf;udk tm;7yg;7zduyfiHkcJonf? pkyferf;cHae7pOf apm_roDwmu
OD;oef;0if;>touf@SLoH_yif;vmonfudk apm_roDwmtwdkif;om;
OD;oef;0if;>ausm_yifjuD;udk wif;juyfpGmodkif;zufonf? vufuav;rsm;
OD;oef;0if;onf apm_roDwm>00wpfwpfzifqHkum;um;juD;tm;
OD;oef;0if;rkefhzdk;ay;cJhaomaiG_zifh 0<fcJhonfhb7mpD<mtopfpufpufvnf;
0<f<lxm;cJh_yD; <ckOD;oef;0if;ESifhaysmfyg;7aomtcg 0wfqifxm;_cif;
OD;oef;0if;>vufu xdkcg;om;rsm;ay:odkha7mufoGm;onf? b<fvdkpdwful;
OD;oef;0if;u apm_roDwm>txufqifpudk qGJ_zKwfonf?
EdkhtHkjuD;awGtay:bufrSm uefhvefhjuD;eJh@SKyfovdk_zpfaew<f? EdkhtHk
Edkhaz:wJhtcg b7mpD<m7ifbHku EdkhtHkom;awGatmufrSmvdyf0if_yD;
7ifudkyifhwifwGef;ay;xm;ovdkawmif _zpfaew<f? EdkhtHkjuD;ESpfckvnf;
EdkhtHkatmufbufodkha7mufaeatmif qGJcsEdkhaz:xm;_yD;_zpfonf tazG;om;
OD;oef;0if;u apm_roDwm>EdkhtHkjuD;rsm;udk qkyfudkifvdkuf|
@Srf;rav;xdk;xdk;xGefhxGefheSifh !kwkwkc7mwmwmtoHav;rsm;xGufvm
@Srf;racsmav;onf OD;oef;0if;>nmbufEdkhoD;udk vuf!SdK;av;_zifh
ZdrfawGhatmif aumif;aumif;_yKpkwwfom;yJudk;? ß
OD;oef;0if;>b<fbufEdkhoD;udkpdkhay;7mrS apm_roDwmu
OD;oef;0if;u vdk;awmhrnfqdkI apm_roDwmuvnf;0wW7m;
7ifbwfudkrjuGwjuGvkyfxm;onfhtwGuf @Srfrav;>00wpfwpfzifjuD;
ESpfckuawmh arGh7may:rxdwxd| cyftdtdESifhpGifhpGifhum;um;@Sdaeonf?
OD;oef;0if;onf apm_roDwm>[JAD;qdkufjuD;| vHk;juD;aygufvSqlql
OD;oef;0if;u Ø~dk;oGif;aumif;wJhudkudk×oDcsif;udkqdk7ef toifh
@Sdonf? 'Daumifrav;0ifar;aomajumifh OD;oef;0if;juD;zifvdk;csifpdwf
OD;oef;0if;udk zifcsatmifaÕrmufxdk;yifhaumfvkyfaewm enf;enf;av;rS
OD;OD;zsm;zsm;rcsao;yJ apm_roDwmudkaqmfonfhtwGuf rdef;rwdkhobm0
OD;oef;0if;u apm_roDwmudka_ymqdkvdkufonf? apm_roDwmonf
7aomajumifh apm_roDwm>00wpfwpfzifom;_zL_zLjuD;rsm;onf
OD;oef;0if;onf pdwfxvmav7m| wufcs7ef apm_roDwm>
ESifh[kjudwfumqkawmif;rdonf? xl;t<fonf OD;oef;0if;udkrdrd>
OD;oef;0if;wdkh>vdift~Fgrsm;qDodkh aocsmpGmvSrf;junfhae7avonf?
OD;oef;0if;u olhvD;juD;udk apmufywfxJzdIxdk;oGif;vdkufavonf?
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APyawChitThu

APyawChitThu

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Published by: python0202 on Feb 26, 2011
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