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BP SDEIS App F-1 WEST Survey Reports Cape Vincent

BP SDEIS App F-1 WEST Survey Reports Cape Vincent

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Published by: pandorasboxofrocks on Feb 26, 2011
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Environmental Resources Management Southwest, Inc.
206 East 9
Street, Suite 1700Austin, Texas 78701(512) 459-4700
WEST Survey Reports
Appendix F 
February 2011Project No. 0092352 
Final Report 
April 2006 – May 2007 
Prepared for 
: BP Alternative Energy North America700 Louisiana Street, 33
FloorHouston, Texas     
Prepared by
: David P. Young, Jr., Jessica J. Kerns, Christopher S. Nations, and Victoria K. Poulton
echnology, Inc.2003 Central AvenueCheyenne, Wyoming 82001    November 28, 2007
Cape Vincent Wind Power ProjectAvian and Bat Studies Report
 WEST, Inc.
i November 28, 2007
BP Alternative Energy North America, Inc. (BPAE) is evaluating the feasibility of wind energydevelopment in Jefferson County, New York.  The proposed project,
Cape Vincent Wind Power Project,
is located south of the St. Lawrence River and north of Chaumont Bay, near the town of Cape Vincent, New York.  The exact location and size of the development will be based on anumber of factors including power purchase agreement(s), electricity markets, transmissionconstraints, permitting, and results of site surveys. Early project evaluation identified issues concerning potential impacts from the project on avianand bat resources, in particular nocturnal migrant birds and migrant raptors, migrant bats, andspecies of concern that may occupy the site.  BPAE developed and implemented a one year avianand bat survey protocol to address the agency concerns and provide site-specific data for theresources of concern.  The study plan was reviewed and approved by the New York StateDepartment of Environmental Conservation and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  The primaryobjectives of the study were to: provide information on avian and bat resources and use of thestudy area that would be useful in evaluating potential impacts from the wind powerdevelopment, provide information on avian and bat resources and use of the study area thatwould help in designing a wind project that is less likely to expose species to risk of collisionswith turbines, and provide recommendations for further studies and potential mitigationmeasures, if appropriate.
The one-year avian and bat preconstruction study consisted of nocturnal marine radar samplingduring the spring and fall migration periods; diurnal point count surveys from fixed pointlocations conducive to observing raptors and other large birds; breeding bird survey point counts;AnaBat sampling for migrating bats during the spring and fall; AnaBat sampling for resident batsduring the summer; and winter and early spring waterfowl and raptor surveys.  The various studycomponents took into consideration the potential for federal and state-listed species occurrencein the project area. Nocturnal radar surveys were conducted most nights during the 63-day period between August15 and October 15, 2006 and the 50-day period between April 19 and June 8, 2007.  A total of 508 and 300 hours of radar sampling were conducted in the fall and spring respectively. Fallmean and dispersion of flight direction were
= 209.2
= 0.34 and spring mean anddispersion of flight direction were
= 34.0
= 0.52.  The overall mean fall passage rate inthe horizontal mode was 345.8
13.3 targets/km/hr (mean
SE) and the overall mean springpassage rate in the horizontal mode was 166.2
8.8 targets/km/hr (mean
SE).  For sampling atthe 1.5-km range in vertical mode, mean flight altitude was 490.4
1.7 m (mean
SE) aboveradar level in the fall and 441.3
2.5 m arl in the spring.  Approximately 7.7% of targets hadflight altitudes less than 125 m in the fall and approximately 14.0% of targets had flight altitudesless than 125 m in the spring.  Clutter from non-avian or bat targets was considered minimal;during the fall and spring only 1% of targets were moving very slow (< 6 m/s) and not likely birdor bat targets. Diurnal point count surveys were conducted during the raptor migration periods in the spring andfall 2006 and again in the spring 2007.  During spring 2006, a total of 12 point count surveys

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