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BP SDEIS App G Visual Resource Assessment-Saratoga Cape Vincent

BP SDEIS App G Visual Resource Assessment-Saratoga Cape Vincent

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Published by: pandorasboxofrocks on Feb 26, 2011
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02/26/2011

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Environmental Resources Management Southwest, Inc.
206 East 9
th
Street, Suite 1700Austin, Texas 78701(512) 459-4700
Visual Resource Assessment – Saratoga Associates
Appendix G
 
February 2011Project No. 0092352 
 
 
Landscape Architects, Architects,©Copyright All Rights Reserved Saratoga AssociatesEngineers and Planners, P.C.#07-083.50
  
 
C
APE
V
INCENT
W
IND
E
NERGY
P
ROJECT
 
S
UPPLEMENTAL 
V
ISUAL
R
ESOURCE
A
SSESSMENT
 
 
 
Prepared for:
ERMCapitol Tower 206 E. 9
th
Street, #1700 Austin, Texas 78701  
 
January 17, 2010
 
 
 
 
 Cape Vincent Wind Energy Project SVRA – January 2011
 
#07-083.50M Page 1
 
Cape Vincent Wind Energy Project – Supplemental Visual Resource Assessment
Table of Contents
1.0
 
Introduction....................................................................................................................... 5
 
1.1
 
Methodology ................................................................................................................ 5
 
1.2
 
Project Description....................................................................................................... 6
 
1.2.1
 
Aviation Obstruction Marking and Lighting.........................................................................7
 
2.0
 
Landscape Character/Visual Setting ............................................................................... 9
 
2.1
 
Topography.................................................................................................................. 9
 
2.2
 
Vegetation.................................................................................................................... 9
 
2.3
 
Water Features...........................................................................................................10
 
2.4
 
Transportation.............................................................................................................10
 
2.5
 
Population Centers......................................................................................................11
 
2.6
 
Existing Wolf Island Wind Farm...................................................................................12
 
3.0
 
Visual Impact Assessment..............................................................................................13
 
3.1
 
Viewshed Mapping (Zone of Visual Influence).............................................................13
 
3.1.1
 
Viewshed Methodology.....................................................................................................13
 
3.1.2
 
Nighttime Visibility.............................................................................................................15
 
3.1.3
 
Verification of Viewshed Accuracy....................................................................................15
 
3.1.4
 
Viewshed Interpretation....................................................................................................15
 
3.2
 
Inventory of Visually Sensitive Resources...................................................................22
 
3.2.1
 
Inventory Criteria...............................................................................................................22
 
3.2.2
 
Summary Characteristics of Inventoried Resources.........................................................24
 
3.2.3
 
Visibility Evaluation of Inventoried Resources..................................................................27
 
3.3
 
Factors Affecting Visual Impact...................................................................................33
 
3.3.1
 
Landscape Units ...............................................................................................................33
 
3.3.2
 
Viewer/User Groups..........................................................................................................36
 
3.3.3
 
Distance Zones.................................................................................................................37
 
3.3.4
 
Duration/Frequency/Circumstances of View.....................................................................38
 
3.3.5
 
Summary of Affected Resources......................................................................................38
 
3.4
 
Degree of Project Visibility ..........................................................................................43
 
3.4.1
 
Field Observation and Photography .................................................................................43
 
3.4.2
 
Photographic Simulations .................................................................................................43
 
3.4.3
 
Cumulative Photo Simulations..........................................................................................45
 
3.5
 
Character of Project Visibility.......................................................................................46
 
3.5.1
 
Compatibility with Regional Landscape Patterns..............................................................46
 
3.5.2
 
Visual Character during the Construction Period..............................................................47
 
3.6
 
Shadow Flicker Analysis .............................................................................................47
 
3.6.1
 
Shadow-Flicker Methodology............................................................................................51
 
3.6.2
 
Shadow-Flicker Impact on Existing Structures.................................................................53
 
3.6.3
 
Shadow-Flicker Analysis...................................................................................................60
 
4.0
 
Mitigation Program ..........................................................................................................62
 
5.0
 
Summary and Discussion of Potential Visual Impact....................................................65
 
 

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