2is still based on trouble calls from the affected customers. Besides, when a transientfault occurs, the operation centre will not receive any phone call and prevention of these transient faults from becoming permanent ones is difficult.
FAULTLOCATION ALGORITHMS IN VOGUE :-
Most of the proposed fault location algorithms were developed for power transmission systems. A few methods were proposed for distribution networks due tothe following reasons:-i. Variety of conductors and structuresii. Lateral branchesiii. Load distributed along the feeder iv. Modifications in feeder configurationsMost of the proposed algorithms are based on fault detectors installed along thefeeders and can only be applied to balanced networks. As a result, these methods willestimate a fault location far from the actual one.
AUTOMATED FAULT LOCATION SYSTEM:-
The automated fault location system proposed in this paper combinesinformation provided by IEDs located only at the substations with knowledge of thedistribution system’s topology and its electrical parameters. Whenever an over currentevent occurs, the system automatically provides the most probable fault locations totheoperators, at the operation center.Let us examine the substation arrangement depicted in fig.1. An IED, connectedto each medium-voltage feeder, is responsible for monitoring voltage and currentsignals .It also records transient data whenever an over current event occurs.A computer, located at the substation, is connected to the array of IEDs and tothe computer at the operation centre via a communication channel such as dial phoneline, dedicated line, radio link, and tie to corporate local area network (LAN).This fault location system consists of eight software modules. These softwaremodularities enable future software upgrades with out the need for changing thewhole system. A part of these modules is installed at the substations whereas the restare installed at the operation centre as illustrated in fig.2. The decision of installing