almost every electronic device requires some levelof power conversion in which the required operational voltagesare generated from the input power. Using switched modepower supply (SMPS) for this purpose generates higher level of conducted EMI in the high frequency range and it negativelyaffects the performance of other near by electronics. Soprediction of conducted EMI is necessary. Time domainsimulation plus Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is a good methodto predict the conducted EMI. In this paper the Boost PFCcircuit is modeled considering parasitic parameters for all thecomponents. This circuit is simulated using PSPICE and theconducted EMI is predicted. The EMI filter is one of thetechniques to reduce the conducted EMI. The combined CMand DM mode filter configuration is discussed. For differentfilter component values the circuit is simulated using PSPICE.A better configuration is suggested from the simulated models.
Common mode (CM), differential mode (DM),electromagnetic interference (EMI), PFC converter
An electromagnetic disturbance is any electromagneticphenomenon which may degrade the performance of a deviceor equipment or a system. The electromagnetic disturbancecan be in nature of the electromagnetic noise, or an unwantedsignal, or a change in the propagation medium itself.Electromagnetic interference is the degradation in theperformance of a device or equipment or a system caused byan electromagnetic disturbance. So improve the performanceof a device or equipment or a system the EMI has to bereduced.In  the conducted EMI of the CCM PFC circuit ispredicted using a simulation circuit also DM and CM loopmodels of the PFC EMI are proposed for describing the noisegeneration and propagation mechanisms. It also describes theeffects of PFC inductor and the parasitic capacitances at theMOSFET drain node.The EMI spectrum of a discontinuous conduction mode PFCconverter is predicted using a simulation circuit in saber in. It also gives the design guide lines on circuit layout andpackaging for EMI noise minimization. In  the frequencydomain analysis of the boost PFC is explained. In that paper
the noise sources and all other circuit components areexpressed as functions in the frequency domain and thepredicted EMI spectrum is calculated by solving the matrixesformed by these functions.The common mode and differential mode switching noisetogether with the input filter design and lot of designconsiderations such as printed circuit board layout, the effectof gate snubber, the shield inserted between the device andthe heat sink and also the heat sink grounding connectionsare described in . It also reports the conducted EMImeasurements for different filter capacitor values andplacements, for different power switch drive circuits whichturned out to be decisive factors in the reduction of thegenerated EMI.In  PFC noise source characteristics and its effect on EMInoise, impedance mismatch and filter parasitic parametersare discussed. PFC DM and CM noise source models andtheir characteristics are analyzed. A filter is built and theanalysis is verified.The basics of conducted EMI measurement, suppressiontechniques and discussed in .it also explains how to designfilter theoretically and making modifications using practicalapproach to get a fast and accurate filter solution. In  a very practical EMI filter design according to militarystandard MIL-STD 461 is discussed. In  design procedurefor ac line EMI filters are discussed. This procedure is basedon the analysis of conducted EMI problems and the use of EMI diagnostic tool, noise separator.EMC design aspects for high power ac/dc rectifier and somedesign guide lines are discussed in .other papers in thissubject includes,, and so on.An overview of boost PFC circuit, parasitic model of boostPFC components are described in section II. Prediction of conducted EMI using simulation circuit is explained insection III. Section IV explains CM and DM filter arrangement and different filter configurations. Section Vconcludes the work.II. PARASITIC MODEL OF BOOST CONVERTER
Reduction of Conducted EMI in SMPS usingEMI Filter
SANTOSH BHARADWAJ REDDY
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