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Lecture_4_1

Lecture_4_1

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Published by Jin Sun

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Published by: Jin Sun on Feb 27, 2011
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02/27/2011

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Constitutive models and soil behaviour
Computational Geomechanics 5
!
 
!
Constitutive models
Linear isotropic elasticityLinear elasticity–perfect plasticity model
yield criteria: von Mises, Tresca, Mohr-Coulomb, Druker-Pragerassociated/non-associated flow rule
Linear elasticity–hardening plasticity model
Cam clay modelassociated/non-associated flow rule
2
 
!
Elasticity
Stress is a function of current state of deformation(strain) only. Elastic materials retain no permanent strain.Linear Hooke’s law in 1D:
σ 
 
=
ε
Linear elastic model:
σ 
ij 
 
=
KV 
ij 
+
2
GD
ij  
ε
ij 
 
=
P
ij 
3
K + S 
ij 
2
G
3
p
ε
v
2
G
ij 
D
ij 
Hydrostatic compressionSimple shear deformation
ε
ij
=13
ε
v
0 00
ε
v
00 0
ε
v
p
 
=
ε
v
P
ij 
 
=
K V 
ij 
:
 
bulk modulus
ε
ij
=
0
ε
12
0
ε
12
0 00 0 0
σ 
12
 
=
G
γ
12
= 2
G
ε
12
ij 
 
=
 
2
GD
ij 
G
: shear modulusNormal stresses are uniformSimple shear deformation does notcause normal stresses

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