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Siddhanta Deepika Volume 14

Siddhanta Deepika Volume 14

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Published by Shanmugasundaram
Siddhanta Deepika Volume 14 (JUNE 1913 - MAY 1914)
Siddhanta Deepika Volume 14 (JUNE 1913 - MAY 1914)

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Published by: Shanmugasundaram on Feb 27, 2011
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09/27/2013

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THE
SIDDHANTA DEEPIKA 
O
THE LIGHT OF TRUTH
 
i
THE
LIGHT OF TRUTH
SIDDHANTA DIPIKA
AND
'!P-AGAMIC
REVIEW
-ts r
A Monthly Journal
devoted
to the Search for Truth as
revealed
in the Ancient Hindu Mystic Philosophy 
known
asthe Saiva Siddhanta or Agamanta
VOL. XIV MADRAS, JULY, 19/3.No.
I.
TAMIL CLASSICS and TAMILAGM.
B
y
S. S. BHARATHJ,
M
,
A
.,
B
.
L
.WORD 'Tamils' is used throuf^liout this pas a generic name for the people in South Jor elsewhere, whose vernacular is Tamilany one of its dialects. I'he term ' l amilshort, handy and expressive, and lias been ias a significant name by such eminent schcas Dr. Hodgson and Mr. Reinhold Rost.an appropriate name for the family of latages, hitherto called Turanian or Dravidian, asTamil language is ' the oldest, rici est, and most hi^organized 't of them all, and, 'in its poctic form, n»lished and exact than the Greek and more copious than the Latin.'Jise of 'Turanian ' is objectionable as the Tamilian race bears, accordinghe most recent ethnologists, no resemblance to the Turanian peoples ;
This is the Thesis submitted for the M. A. Degree Exanniiation of tlie Ma
iDiversity.
E4. S. D.
j- Dr. Caldwell's
Comparative Dravidian C/uiuinut.
Winslow's
Dictionary, Prefacc.
 
iS THE LIGHT 01' TRUTH
Dravidian ' is not a proper word to use, for the Tamils wereeven in ancient times a civilised race, " the Greeks or Scotsof the East,"* and are spoken of as such in Sanskrit writings, and Sanskrit Scholars have denoted by it only the barbariansof the unexplored tracts of Central India. Dr. Oppert
^
wouldprefer the name ' Bharatas ' but it is nowhere used to denote theparticular race that we are concerned with here. Mr. Kanaga-sabai Pi]lai calls 'Tamil* and 'Tamils' by their rightnames, though his de'-ivation of them from Tamlitti § (Sanskrit,Tamralipli, now l^amluk), once a great emporium of tradeat the mouth of the Ganges, needs confirmation from theancient Tamil classics.As regards the original home of the Tamils or Tamilians,various theories have been proposed, of which but four calimrespectable parentage and deserve consideration.The
Scythian Theory,
ably expounded by Dr. Caldwell,
B
has neither a philological nor an ethnological basis. The learnedBishop has, on a compaiison of the grammars (the cerebralletters in chief) and vocabularies of the Scythian and Tamilialanguages, rushed to the conc' asion of a lelationship betweenthtm. That the non-Aryan immigrants into India through thenorth-western passes had a Central Asian Home with theAryans and were driven to the south by the later Aryaninv.ader5 of India was the first and oldest theory that had ahost ol Western supporters. Recent investigations go to provethat there are marked mental and physical differences betweentlie two races and that the 1 amilians are more of the Caucasianor Indo European type than of any other.li Reinhold Rost,quoting Macleane, says that the classification of tlie Tamiliansas Turano Scythians is ' rejected by all the leading ethnolo-
* C.
D. G.
p. 5.
t l^audhayana
Ramayaiiam,
VII, xiii, 12.
;
Original
Inhabitauis
of 
India.^ 'fhc Taiv.Hs
:
Erghticn Hundred Years Ago,
p. 46.C./). G. pp. 34, 37, 42-3etc.l'..C. Ma/vi!r.dar,"The Diavidians," in the
Mtdcri: liftiaj
Icr July .-yia

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