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Jm201 - Cnc Milling

Jm201 - Cnc Milling

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Published by: Muhd Zulhusni Ag Jaludin on Feb 27, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/09/2013

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CONTENTS PAGESINTRODUCTIONSAFETYMACHINEPROCEDUREPROJECT PICTURECONCLUSIONDISCUSSION
 
 
INTRODUCTION
 
What
 
are
CNC
?
 
CNC s
tand
s fo
 
Computer Numerical Control
and
i
t
 
ha
s b
een
 
ar 
ou
nd
si
nce
 
the
 
early
1970¶s. B
e
fo
re
i
t
w
a
s
chr 
is
tened
CNC, i
t
w
a
s
called
NC, fo
Num
er 
i
cal
Co
ntr 
o
l
.
When
 
c
ompu
ter 
s w
ere
i
ntr 
o
d
u
ced
 
d
u
i
ng
1070¶s,
the
 
na
m
e
 
changed
. I
t
 
ha
s s
tr 
ok
ed
 
al
mos
t
 
all
 m
an
uf 
act
u
i
ng
fo
ms i
n
 
al
mos
t
 
all
s
tage
s of p
o
d
u
ct
io
n
. CNC m
ach
i
ne
s
e
i
ther 
subs
t
i
t
u
te
 som
e
 
ex
is
t
i
ng
m
an
uf 
act
u
i
ng
p
o
ce
ss
e
s o
 
c
ombi
ne
wo
k wi
th
 
the
m.A CNC p
o
gra
m is jus
t
 
any
o
ther 
s
et
of i
n
s
tr 
u
ct
io
n
s. I
t
¶s w
i
tten
 
l
ik
e
 
a
s
entence
 
and
 
the
o
rder 
of op
erat
io
n
is
chr 
o
n
o
l
o
g
i
cal
. T
he
m
ach
i
ne
wi
ll
 
then
 
exec
u
te
 
that
s
et
of i
n
s
tr 
u
ct
io
n
ss
te
p-b
y
-s
te
p. A sp
ec
i
al
s
er 
i
e
s of CNC wo
rd
s/
c
o
de
s
are
us
ed
 
t
o
relay
w
hat
 
the
m
ach
i
ne
issuppos
ed
 
t
o
d
o. CNC
c
o
de
s b
eg
i
n
wi
th
 
letter 
 
addre
ss
e
s (
l
ik
e
S fo
spi
ndle
sp
eed
,
and
X, Y &Z fo
 
c
ommo
n
 
l
i
near 
 
ax
is mo
t
io
n
s).
When
 
certa
i
n
 
c
o
de
s
are
 
arranged
 
t
o
gether 
i
n
 
a
 
c
o
herent
m
eth
o
d
,
th
is
gr 
oup of CNC
c
o
de
s
create
 
a
³
c
omm
and´
 
that
is
l
ik
e
 
a
s
entence
. A
c
ommo
n
CNC m
ach
i
ne
wi
ll
o
nly
b
e
 
need
i
ng
 
ar 
ou
nd
40-50 wo
rd
s/
c
o
de
s
t
o p
o
gra
m
d
iff 
erent
 
c
omm
and
s
THE CAM
CAM s
tand
s fo
Compu
ter 
Ai
ded
M
an
uf 
act
u
i
ng
. I
t
simp
l
ifi
e
s
the
p
o
gra
mmi
ng
 p
o
ce
ss
e
s w
h
i
ch
 
are
 
ne
w,
and
 
added
 
t
o
the
CNC p
o
gra
m
reg
u
larly
. Of 
c
ou
s
e
,
the
 
ea
s
y
 
a
pp
l
i
cat
io
n
s
can
b
e
p
o
gra
mm
ed
wi
th
o
nly
 
the
simp
le
s
t
m
ach
i
ne
s
ar 
ou
nd:
 
the
p
en
, p
a
p
er 
 
and
 
calc
u
lat
o
. How
ever 
, mo
re
 
c
omp
lex
p
o
gra
ms
are
 
v
i
tal
 
reg
u
larly
. I
t
is w
hen
 
c
omposi
ng
 
the
s
e
p
o
gra
ms b
ec
om
e
mu
ch
mo
re
 
tr 
i
c
k
y
 
and
(wo
s
e
)
ted
ious.T
he
CAM is
a
p
o
gra
m
that
 
u
n
s o
n
 
a
 
c
ompu
ter 
 
that
 
a
i
d
s
the
CNC p
o
gra
mm
er 
wi
th
 
the
p
o
gra
mmi
ng
. I
t
 
al
so wo
ks
hand
-i
n
-
hand
wi
th
 
the
CAD (Compu
ter 
Ai
ded
D
e
si
gn
)
de
si
gn
 
dra
wi
ng
(
th
os
e
 
de
si
gn
s
eng
i
neer 
s
c
ompos
e
/
n
u
rt
u
re
).
W
i
th
 
th e
CAM
hel
pi
ng
,
rede
fi
n
i
t
io
n
of 
the
wo
k-pi
ece
 
c
o
n
fi
g
u
rat
io
n
is
n
o
t
 
needed
.
What
 
the
CNC p
o
gra
mm
er 
is
le
t
 
t
o
d
o is jus
t
 
t
osp
ec
if 
y
 
the
m
ach
i
ne
op
erat
io
n
s
t
o b
e
 
exec
u
ted
 
and
 
the
CAM s
y
s
te
m wi
ll
 
c
ompos
e
 
the
CNCp
o
gra
m
a
u
t
om
at
i
cally
.
 
 
THE DNC SYSTEM
DNC s
tand
s fo
Dis
tr 
ibu
t
i
ve
Num
er 
i
cal
Co
ntr 
o
l
. I
t
is
a
 
c
ompu
ter 
 
that
is
c
o
nnected
wi
th
 o
ne
o
mo
re
CNC m
ach
i
ne
s, fo
mi
ng
 
a
 
net
wo
k.
When
 
a
p
o
gra
m is m
an
u
ally
 
c
ompos
ed
 
and
 
ready
 
t
o b
e
 
l
o
aded
 
t
o
the
CNC
c
o
ntr 
o
l
, i
t
is b
e
i
ng
 
ty
p
ed
 
i
ght
i
nt
o
the
 
c
o
ntr 
o
l
. How
ever 
,
th
is is
l
ik
e
usi
ng
 
the
CNC m
ach
i
ne
 
a
s
a
 
l
u
x
u
ious k
ey
bo
ard
. Mo
re
o
ver 
, if 
the
CNC p
o
gra
m is
ach
i
eved
wi
th
 
the
 
hel
p of CAM, i
t
is
already
i
n
 
text
fo
m
and
 
ready
 
t
o b
e
 
l
o
aded
 
t
o
the
CNC
c
o
ntr 
o
l
. T
he
DNC simp
ly
 
d
is
tr 
ibu
te
s
the
CNC p
o
gra
m
t
o mo
re
 
than
o
ne
CNC m
ach
i
ne
.Fi
eld
s o
i
nd
us
try
 
that
 
are
usi
ng
CNC m
ach
i
ne
 
1.
I
n
 
the
m
etal
 
re
mo
val
i
nd
us
try
 
2.
I
n
 
the
m
etal
a
b
i
cat
io
n
i
nd
us
try
 
3.
I
n
 
the
 
electr 
i
cal
 
d
is
charge
m
ach
i
n
i
ng
i
nd
us
try
 
4.
I
n
 
the
woo
d
wo
ki
ng
i
nd
us
try
 
T
y
p
e
s of 
CNC
m
ach
i
ne
s
CNC
mi
ll
i
ng
m
ach
i
ne
s
are
 
trad
i
t
io
nally
p
o
gra
mm
ed
usi
ng
 
a
s
et
of 
c
omm
and
s k
n
ow
n
 
a
s
G-codes & M-codes.
T
he
s
e
 
ty
p
e
s of 
c
o
de
s
are
 
re
p
re
s
ent
i
ng
sp
ec
ifi
c
CNC fu
nct
io
n
s i
n
 
al
p
han
um
er 
i
c
fo
m
at
.
G-codes Description
GOO
R
a
pi
d
posi
t
io
n
i
ng
 
G01
Li
near 
i
nter 
po
lat
io
n
 
G02
Ci
rc
u
lar 
i
nter 
po
lat
io
n
,
cl
o
c
kwis
e
 
G03
Ci
rc
u
lar 
i
nter 
po
lat
io
n
,
c
ou
ntercl
o
c
kwis
e
 
G04
Dw
ell
 
G05P10000
Hi
gh
-p
rec
isio
n
 
c
o
nt
ou
 
c
o
ntr 
o
l
(HPCC)
G05.1
AI N
an
o
c
o
nt
ou
 
c
o
ntr 
o
l
 

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