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Math IB Revision Vectors SLRatings: (0)|Views: 4,960|Likes: 36

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/49647895/Math-IB-Revision-Vectors-SL

04/16/2013

text

original

Revision on vectors

(31.01.2011)

1.

The vectors

i

,

j

are unit vectors along the

x

-axis and

y

-axis respectively.The vectors

u

= –

i

+

j

and v = 3

i

+ 5

j

are given.(a) Find

u

+ 2

v

in terms of

i

and

j

.A vector

w

has the same direction as

u

+ 2

v

, and has a magnitude of 26.(b) Find

w

in terms of

i

and

j

.

(Total 4 marks)

2.

The circle shown has centre

O

and radius 6.

OA

is the vector

06

,

OB

is the vector

−

06and

OC

is the vector,

115

.

ABC O xy

(a) Verify that

A

,

B

and

C

lie on the circle.(b) Find the vector

AC

.(c) Using an appropriate scalar product, or otherwise, find the cosine of angle

OAC

.(d) Find the area of triangle

ABC

, giving your answer in the form

a

11, where

a

∈

.

(Total 12 marks)

3.

The vectors

u

,

v

are given by

u

= 3

i

+ 5

j

,

v

=

i

– 2

j

. Find scalars

a

,

b

such that

a

(

u

+

v

)

–

8

i

+ (6– 2)

j

.

(Total 4 marks)4.

In this question the vector

01

km represents a displacement due east, and the vector

10

kmrepresents a displacement due north.The diagram shows the path of the oil-tanker

Aristides

relative to the port of

Orto

, which issituated at the point (0, 0).

1

O r t o

P a t h o f

A r i s t i d e s

1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 01 02 03 04 0

xy

0110

N o ts c a

The position of the

Aristides

is given by the vector equation

+ =

8– 6280

t yx

at a time thours after 12:00.(a) Find the position of the

Aristides

at 13:00.(b) Find(i) the velocity vector;(ii) the speed of the

Aristides

.(c) Find a cartesian equation for the path of the

Aristides

in the form

ax + by = g .

Another ship, the cargo-vessel

Boadicea,

is stationary, with position vector

418km.(d) Show that the two ships will collide, and find the time of collision.To avoid collision, the

Boadicea

starts to move at 13:00 with velocity vector

125km h

–1

.(e) Show that the position of the

Boadicea

for

t

≥

1 is given by

+ =

1258– 13

t yx

(f) Find how far apart the two ships are at 15:00.

(Total 20 marks)

5.

The diagram below shows the positions of towns O, A, B and X.

diagram not to scale

OAXB

Town A is 240 km East and 70 km North of O.Town B is 480 km East and 250 km North of O.Town X is 339 km East and 238 km North of O.An airplane flies at a constant speed of 300 km h

–1

from O towards A.(a) (i) Show that a unit vector in the direction of OAis

28.096.0.(ii) Write down the velocity vector for the airplane in the form

21

vv

.(iii) How long does it take for the airplane to reach A?

(5)

At A the airplane changes direction so it now flies towards B . The angle between the originaldirec

tion and the new direction is θ as shown in the following diagram. Thisdiagram also shows the point Y, between A and B , where the airplane comesclosest to X.

diagram not to scale

OAXB

(b) Use the scalar product of two vectors to find the value of

θ

in degrees.

(4)

(c) (i) Write down the vector AX.(ii) Show that the vector

n

=

43– is perpendicular to

AB

.(iii) By finding the projection of AXin the direction of

n

, calculate the distance XY.

(6)

(d) How far is the airplane from A when it reaches Y ?

(3)(Total 18 marks)

6.

The following diagram shows the point O with coordinates (0, 0), the point A with positionvector

a

= 12

i

+ 5

j

, and the point B with position vector

b

= 6

i

+ 8

j

. The angle between (OA) and(OB) is

θ

.

3

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