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Math IB Revision Vectors SL

Math IB Revision Vectors SL

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Published by: mykiri79 on Feb 27, 2011
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04/16/2013

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Revision on vectors
(31.01.2011)
1.
The vectors
i
,
j
are unit vectors along the
x
-axis and
y
-axis respectively.The vectors
u
 
= – 
 i
+
j
and v = 3
i
+ 5
j
are given.(a) Find
u
+ 2
v
in terms of 
i
and
j
.A vector 
w
has the same direction as
u
+ 2
v
, and has a magnitude of 26.(b) Find
w
in terms of 
i
and
j
.
(Total 4 marks)
2.
The circle shown has centre
O
and radius 6.
OA
is the vector 
      
06
,
OB
is the vector 
      
06and
OC 
is the vector,
      
115
.
ABO xy
(a) Verify that
A
,
B
and
lie on the circle.(b) Find the vector 
AC 
.(c) Using an appropriate scalar product, or otherwise, find the cosine of angle
OAC 
.(d) Find the area of triangle
ABC 
, giving your answer in the form
a
 11, where
a
 
.
(Total 12 marks)
3.
The vectors
u
,
v
 
are given by
u
 
= 3
+ 5
,
v
=
– 2
. Find scalars
a
,
b
such that
a
(
u
 
+
 
v
)
 
– 
 
8
+ (6– 2)
.
(Total 4 marks)4.
In this question the vector 
      
01
km represents a displacement due east, and the vector 
      
10
kmrepresents a displacement due north.The diagram shows the path of the oil-tanker 
Aristides
relative to the port of 
Orto
, which issituated at the point (0, 0).
1
 
O r t o
P a t h  o f 
A r i s t i d e s
1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 01 02 03 04 0
xy
0110
N o ts c a
The position of the
Aristides
is given by the vector equation
      +      =      
8– 6280
yx
at a time thours after 12:00.(a) Find the position of the
Aristides
at 13:00.(b) Find(i) the velocity vector;(ii) the speed of the
Aristides
.(c) Find a cartesian equation for the path of the
Aristides
in the form
ax + by = g .
Another ship, the cargo-vessel
Boadicea,
is stationary, with position vector 
      
418km.(d) Show that the two ships will collide, and find the time of collision.To avoid collision, the
Boadicea
starts to move at 13:00 with velocity vector 
      
125km h
–1
.(e) Show that the position of the
Boadicea
for 
 
1 is given by
      +      =      
1258– 13
yx
(f) Find how far apart the two ships are at 15:00.
(Total 20 marks)
5.
The diagram below shows the positions of towns O, A, B and X.
diagram not to scale
OAXB
 
Town A is 240 km East and 70 km North of O.Town B is 480 km East and 250 km North of O.Town X is 339 km East and 238 km North of O.An airplane flies at a constant speed of 300 km h
–1
from O towards A.(a) (i) Show that a unit vector in the direction oOAis
      
28.096.0.(ii) Write down the velocity vector for the airplane in the form
      
21
vv
.(iii) How long does it take for the airplane to reach A?
(5)
At A the airplane changes direction so it now flies towards B . The angle between the originaldirec
tion and the new direction is θ as shown in the following diagram. Thisdiagram also shows the point Y, between A and B , where the airplane comesclosest to X.
diagram not to scale
OAXB
(b) Use the scalar product of two vectors to find the value of 
θ
in degrees.
(4)
(c) (i) Write down the vectoAX.(ii) Show that the vector 
n
=
      
43– is perpendicular to
AB
.(iii) By finding the projection of AXin the direction of 
n
, calculate the distance XY.
(6)
(d) How far is the airplane from A when it reaches Y ?
(3)(Total 18 marks)
6.
The following diagram shows the point O with coordinates (0, 0), the point A with positionvector 
a
= 12
+ 5
, and the point B with position vector 
b
= 6
+ 8
. The angle between (OA) and(OB) is
θ 
.
3

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