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elastics in orthodontics-Hassanein

elastics in orthodontics-Hassanein

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Published by Anupama Mishra

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Published by: Anupama Mishra on Feb 27, 2011
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10/24/2014

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1Al-Azhar UniversityFaculty of Dental MedicineOrthodontic Department
 
Orthodontic elastics
 
By
El-Hassanein Hussein El-Hassanein
(B.D.S.)Demonstrator in Orthodontic DepartmentFaculty of Dental MedicineAl-Azhar University(Boys-Cairo) Under supervision of 
Dr. Ashraf Atia Ali El-Bedwehi
Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
 
Faculty of Dental MedicineAl-Azhar University(Boys-Cairo) 1428 H –2007 G 
 
2I. IntroductionII. CompositionIII. Advantage
 
IV. DisadvantageV. Force delivery and force degradationVI. Prestretching effectsVII. Analyses of elastic force
 
VIII. Changes induced by intermaxillary elastic forceIX. Factors affecting orthodontic elastics and chains1. Coloring2. Fluoride3. Air 4. Ozone5. Disinfection and sterilization6. Thermal-cycle7. pH8. Mastication9. Daily diet10. Staining11. Oral cavity12. Water X. Latex elastics and synthetic elastomers have certain similarities and differences.XI. Elastomeric Modules versus Stainless Steel Ligatures 
 
3XII. Uses and Clinical applications1. Elastic ligatures2. Elastomeric separators3. Elastomeric module4. Elastomeric chains5. Derotation6. Rubber bands7. Dental Crossbite8. Midline discrepancies9. Impacted Canines10. Canine retraction11. Deep bite12. Intrusion13. Open bite14. Molar Correction with Inter-arch ElasticsXIII. Infection (Contamination)controlXIV. References 

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