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3/1959 CIA Report on Australia's White Australia Policy

3/1959 CIA Report on Australia's White Australia Policy

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This is a 3/1959 CIA Report on Australia's White Australia Policy.
This is a 3/1959 CIA Report on Australia's White Australia Policy.

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Published by: Rob on Feb 28, 2011
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·
.
--~'-'1--
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1April1959
MEMORANDUMFOR:
Brig.General_;..
:I.
Gcodpaster,USA
St:aif
SecretaryTheVib.iteHenseTheDirectoraskedthattheattachedbeforwa.rdcdtoyou.Asyou.....rillrecall,thesubjectofAustralian
immigrationpolicycarneupata
recent
NSC
meetiag,
Thi~
qucst.ion
cannot
beanswered
in
awordortwo;
hcnc
etheIcngthofthezncrnora
aduzn,
J.
S.Ea:-r:::un
ExecutiveOfficer
Attachrncnt:
lv:erno
for
DCIfromAD/51,
"Subject:Australiazi
Imrrug
ra
t
ion
Policy,"
da
ted31Mar59
Distribution:
Original-Addresseew/:ltt
1-JSE,
l-ER/
/-:r-
1-
DCI~-1
0,--{.~
<FOROFFIC1'~LUSEONT.Y
 
31hi{;f;
i959
MEMORANDUMFOR:
DirectorofCentral
Intelligence
THROUGH
·
·
DeputyDirec~or(Intelligence)Australian~1gration
Policy
SUBJECT
··
!
1.
It
is
Australian
policytoencourageandassistimmigrationintotheCommonwealth.
pr~ily
ofwhiteBritishsubjectsbutalso,especiallythroughformalagreementssinceWorld
War
II,ofnon-BritishEuropeans.
An
immigrationtargetof115,000
W-coS
set
.for
1958.
Althoughthereis
no
federel
legislationbarringcoloredpersons
as
such,exclusionofcoloredpeopleisinfactachievedbydiscriminatoryinterpre-tationofprohibitionsagainst"undesirables."The
1957
OfficialYearBookoftheCawmon~ealthstates,hoW'ever,that"Inpursuanceofestablished
policy,
thegeneralpractice1snottopermitAsiansorothercol-oredpersonstoenterAustr~liaforthepurposeofsettli~permanently."2.Imcigr~tiontoAustrali~1sregulatedbythe
I~igr~t1onP~strictionActof1901,uuoffici~llyknown
astheUhiteAustraliaAct,en~ctedbythefirstCommon-
vlealthparlianent.
Tne
Act
containsnospecificrefer-encetorace
but
definesc:ltego=ies
of
'.'prohibited
...
_'.'
...
-
~
 
.
:.
......
immigrants"includingthephysically,me!ltallyandmorallyunfit,andthoselikely
to
becomeapubliccbarg~.Theprincipaldevice,fore%cludingpersons
of
coloredraces
1s
embodiedin
the
followingcitationfromSection3oftheAct:"TheimmigrationintotheCommonwealthofthepersonsdescribedinany
of
thefollowingparagraphs
of
thissection
ispron'ibi
ted:
(a)
Anypersonwho,whenaskedtodosobyanyofficer.failstowrite
out
atdictationandsignin
the
presenceofanofficerapassageof50wordsinlengthinanEuropeanlanguagedirected
by
theofficer•"In1905,theActwasamendedtoread
"Any
personwhofailsto
.
passthedictationtest:that
is
to
say,
who,
when
anofficerdictatestohimnotlessthan50wordainanyprescribedlanguage,failstowritethemoutinthepresenceoftheofficer."TheI~grationActp~rm1tsexemptions
at
officialdiscrotion;accorGingtotheOfficialYearBook,percaneotentry(overoneyear)maybegranted'tobonafidemercu~nts,studentsandtourists
'r
;
whiletheyrecaininthatstatus.
3.
TheUhiteAustraliapolicyiscommonlyregardedasexcludingallpersons
ot
coloredrace,
.al
thoughitisaimedprimarily
at
Asians.Apparently,thedictatio~tsstitselfisnotoften~pp11eclsinceitsmere'existence
is
sufficienttokeepout
most"undesirClbles."
Ithas,

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