Trade Union Act, 1926
By: Milind Gandhi
TRADE UNION ACT, 1926 is one of the earliest actsrelating to labour. It makes provision about the registrationof trade unions. Until the trade unions act, 1926 was enactedthe workers did not the importance of being an organizedforce. As there was no collective action, workers were madeat the mercy of the employers and had to be contended withthe wages. Which each one of them was getting separately,depending upon the negations with the employer. Thenecessity of this act was that the employers were exploitingthe workers and the workers did not have any power, as theywere not united. To give the workers their right & power thegovernment came out with act. This act extends to thewhole of India. This act has been amended in September2001. The
registration of trade union
is not compulsoryunder the trade unions act, however, only a registered tradeunion can have the protections granted under the act.The laws relating to the registration of trade union iscontained in the trade unions act, 1926. This act covers thefollowing:
Conditions governing the registration of trade unions.
Obligations imposed upon a registered trade union.
Rights and liabilities of registered trade union.
DEFINITIONS UNDER THE ACT
TRADE UNION:Trade union means any combination whetherpermanent or temporary formed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between –1. Workmen or employees; or2. Workmen and workmen; or