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al-Nabhani عربی

al-Nabhani عربی

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Published by Tariq Mehmood Tariq
Ahle sunnah vs wahabi/deobandi/kharjee
Ahle sunnah vs wahabi/deobandi/kharjee

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Published by: Tariq Mehmood Tariq on Mar 01, 2011
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06/28/2011

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The Righteous Life and Blessed Worksof the Poet of the Holy Prophet
!!!!
 the Pious Erudite Im
ā
m al-Q
ā
d.
ī 
Y
ū
suf al-Nabh
ā
n
ī 
 
(
1
265/
1
849-
1
350/
1
932)
 
 by GF HaddadQasyoun@ziplip.com 
"   
 
Al-Nabh
ā
n
ī 
wrote of himself in his first published book,
al-Sharaf al-Mu’abbad li-
Ā 
li Muh.ammad 
 
!
(
1
309/
1
89
1
), in
Asb
ā
b al-Ta’l 
ī 
f lil-‘Abdi al-D.a‘ 
ī 
, and in
ā
mi‘ Kar 
ā
m
ā
t al-Awliy
ā
’ 
(both
1
329/
1
9
11
):
 
 I am the
faq
ī 
Y
ū
suf ibn Ism
ā
ī 
l ibn Y
ū
suf ibn Ism
ā
ī 
l ibn Muh.ammad N
ā
s.ir al-D
ī 
n al-Nabh
n
ī 
. We go back to the Ban
ū
Nabh
ā
n, an Arab desert folk who settled of old in the town of Ijzim
1
North of the Holy sites in the land of Palestine, presently part of the district
(qad .
ā
’)
of H.aifain ‘Akka, province of Beirut. I was born in Ijzim in
1
265/
1
849 approximately.I read the Qur’
ā
n with my Master and father, the righteous Shaykh and meticulous memorizer of the Book of All
ā
h, Shaykh Ism
ā
ī 
l al-Nabh
ā
n
ī 
who is now [in
1
89
1
] past eighty, in full pos-session of his senses, of strong build and excellent health, and who spends most of his time inworks of obedience.My father’s daily devotion in every twenty-four hours was one third of the Qur’
ā
n, then hewould complete the Qur’
ā
n three times every week. The praise for this belongs to All
ā
h!
#
Say:
 
In
 
the
 
bounty
 
of 
 
All
ā
h
 
and
 
in
 
His
 
mercy: therein let them rejoice. It is better than what theyhoard
$
(
1
0:58).Then he sent me – All
ā
h save him and thank him on my behalf! – to Cairo for study. I enteredthe Mosque of al-Azhar the day of al-Sabt in early Muh.arram of the year 
1
283 [
1
6 May
1
866] andresided there until Rajab
1
289 [October 
1
872]. During that time, I learnt all that All
ā
h destined for meto learn of the sciences of the
Shar 
ī 
‘a
and its preparatory disciplines at the hands of theaccomplished teachers and major established masters of the time, any one of whom, if he werefound in a place, would be the leader of its people to the gardens of Paradise and would meet their requirements in all of the sciences – the spoken and the rational.One of them, or rather their peerless leader was the accomplished, erudite teacher, the refugeof meticulous understanding, the Shaykh of all Shaykhs, Teacher of all Teachers,
Sayyid 
ī 
al-Shaykh
Ibr
ā
h
ī 
m al-Saqq
ā
al-Sh
ā
fi‘
ī 
who died in
1
298 aged around ninety years. He spent his entire blessedlong life reading lessons until most of the Ulema of our time became his students, either directly, or through an intermediary. I attended his classes – All
ā
h have mercy on him! – for three years andread with him the two commentaries – 
al-Tah.
ī 
and
al-Manhaj
– of Shaykh al-Isl
ā
m Zakariyy
ā
al-Ans.
ā
ī 
together with their marginalia by al-Sharq
ā
w
ī 
and al-Bujayrim
ī 
respectively.Also among my teachers is the venerable erudite Scholar,
Sayyid 
ī 
al-Shaykh
al-SayyidMuh.ammad al-Damanh
ū
r
ī 
al-Sh
ā
fi‘
ī 
who died in
1
286 aged around ninety years.Also the erudite Scholar 
Sayyid 
ī 
al-Shaykh
Ibr
ā
h
ī 
m al-Zurr
ū
al-Khal
ī 
l
ī 
al-Sh
ā
fi‘
ī 
who diedin
1
287 aged around seventy.Also the erudite Scholar 
Sayyid 
ī 
al-Shaykh
Ah.mad al-Ajh
ū
r
ī 
al-D.ar
ī 
r
al-Sh
ā
fi‘
ī 
who died in
1
293 aged around sixty.Also the erudite Scholar 
Sayyid 
ī 
al-Shaykh
H.asan al-‘Adaw
ī 
al-M
ā
lik 
ī 
who died in
1
298 agedaround eighty. 
1
28 kms. south
 
of H
.
aifa,
 
Palestine
 
on
 
the
 
Southern
 
edge
 
of Mount Carmel,
1
00 meters above sea level.
 
 
Life and Works of al-Q
ā
.
ī 
ū
suf al-Nabh
ā
n
ī 
 
2
Also the erudite Scholar 
Sayyid 
ī 
al-Shaykh
al-Sayyid ‘Abd al-H
ā
d
ī 
Naj
ā
al-Aby
ā
r
ī 
who diedin
1
305 aged just over seventy years.Also Shaykh
Shams al-D
ī 
n Muh.ammad al-Anb
ā
b
ī 
al-Sh
ā
fi‘
ī 
the Master of al-Azhar Mosque, who died in
1
3
1
3.Also Shaykh
‘Abd al-Rah.m
ā
n al-Sharb
ī 
n
ī 
al-Sh
ā
fi‘
ī 
the Master of al-Azhar Mosque, whodied in
1
326.Also Shaykh
‘Abd al-Q
ā
dir al-R 
ā
fi‘
ī 
al-H.anaf 
ī 
al-T.arabuls
ī 
the Master of the Damascenes’Porch
(Ruw
ā
q al-Shaw
ā
mm)
in al-Azhar Mosque, who died in
1
323.AlsoShaykh
Y
ū
suf al-Barq
ā
w
ī 
al-H.anbal
ī 
the Master of the H.anbal
ī 
s’ Porch in al-Azhar Mosque.
2
 [And many others, some of whom are named in
ā
ī 
al-Mur 
ī 
and
ā
mi‘ Kar 
ā
m
ā
t al-Awliy
ā
’ 
.][After I graduated and returned home to Ijzim] I began to hold a number of religious coursesin ‘Akka and my home town of Ijzim. Then I travelled frequently to Beirut, then Damascus where Imet the eminent Ulema. Chief among them was the Jurist of Damascus at the time, our Master theerudite Im
ā
m,
al-Sayyid al-Shar
ī 
f Mah.m
ū
d Effend
ī 
H.amza
– All
ā
h have mercy on him! – withwhom I read the beginning of al-Bukh
ā
ī 
’s
.ah.
ī 
h.
, after which he gave me a general certificatecomprising the rest of the
.ah.
ī 
h.
as well as all his other narrations and his own works. He wrote thislong certificate in his superb style and handsome handwriting.Then I headed for Constantinople twice and worked there for several years. I edited theperiodical
al-Jaw
ā
’ib
until it folded. I also proofread the Arabic books that came out of its press.My monthly salary there was ten L
ī 
ras for editing and proofreading. I worked on this for about twoor three hours [daily] and did it on the insistant request of the paper’s owner, Ah.mad Effend
ī 
F
ā
ris.He considered me his greatest blessing and showed great sadness at seeing me leave for my newposition with the government [as a judge]. He offered me to work as his partner or a raise, but Irefused.I left Constantinople, the first time, for Iraq. I went to the district of Kaw
ī 
S.anjaq in theprovince of Mosul. Then I returned to Constantinople. I left it a second time in
1
300 when I wasappointed head judge of al-Jaza’ court in al-L
ā
dhiqiyya on the Syro-Palestinian sea-shore. After living there for five years the
Dawla
– All
ā
h grant her victory! – transferred me to the headjudgeship of the court of al-Qudus al-Shar 
ī 
f. This took place through those at whose hands All
ā
hdecreed goodness for me, without request nor prior knowledge on my part. Then, after less than ayear – eight months to be precise – they promoted me, without request nor prior nowledge on mypart, to the chief judgeship of the Beirut Court of Justice. This was in
1
305/
1
888.
3
 After al-Nabh
ā
n
ī 
retired he turned entirely to writing and worshipping. He travelled to al-Mad
ī 
naal-Munawwara and lived in the Noble Neighborhood for a while. Then he returned to Beirut where hepassed on to the mercy of His Lord in the beginning of the month of Ramad.
ā
n
1
350/
1
932. 
Bibliography of al-Q
ā
d.
ī 
al-Nabh
ā
n
ī 
 
 
Afd .alu al-S .alaw
ā
t ‘al 
ā
Sayyid al-S 
ā
ā
(“The Choicest Invocations of Blessings on the Master of Masters”) <
1
309>.
Ah.san al-Was
ā
’il f 
ī 
Naz .mi Asm
ā
’i al-Nabiyyi al-K 
ā
mil 
(“The Best Means in Versifying theNames of the Perfect Prophet
!
”), in three hundred verses, in print. The Q
ā
d.
ī 
wrote a brief historyof the compilations of the Prophetic Names in his introduction to his commentary on al-Jaz
ū
l
ī 
’s
Dal 
ā
’il al-Khayr 
ā
titled
al-Dal 
ā
ā
t al-W 
ā
.ih.
ā
in which he mentioned various recensions to date:Al-Q
ā
d.
ī 
‘Iy
ā
d.’s superlative masterpiece
al-Shif 
ā
’  
Al-F
ā
kih
ā
n
ī 
’s
al-Fajr al-Mun
ī 
 Ab
ū
‘Imr 
ā
n al-Zan
ā
t
ī 
’s compendium (20
1
names)Al-Jaz
ū
l
ī 
’s devotional masterpiece
Dal 
ā
’il al-Khayr 
ā
in which he relied on al-Zan
ā
t
ī 
 Al-Suy
ū
t.
ī 
’s
al-H .ad 
ā
’iq f 
ī 
Asm
ā
’i Khayr al-Khal 
ā
’iq
(300+ names)Al-Suy
ū
t.
ī 
’s
al-Riy
ā
.al-An
ī 
qa f 
ī 
Asm
ā
’i
 
Khayr 
 
al-Khal 
ī 
qa
listing sources for the
.ad 
ā
’iq
 Al-Suy
ū
t.
ī 
’s
al-Bahjat al-Saniyya
(500 names)Al-Sakh
ā
w
ī 
’s
al-Qawl al-Bad 
ī 
‘ fil-S .al 
ā
t ‘al 
ā
l-H .ab
ī 
b al-Shaf 
ī 
‘ 
(450 names) 
2
Al-Sharaf al-Mu’abbad li-
Ā 
li Muh.ammad 
 
!
(p.
1
40-
1
42).
3
Asb
ā
b al-Ta’l 
ī 
(p. 290, 332) and
ā
mi‘ Kar 
ā
m
ā
t al-Awliy
ā
’ 
(2:52).
 
 
Life and Works of al-Q
ā
.
ī 
ū
suf al-Nabh
ā
n
ī 
 
3
Al-Qast.all
ā
n
ī 
’s
al-Maw
ā
hib al-L
ā
duniyya
in which he relied on al-Sakh
ā
w
ī 
 Al-Zurq
ā
n
ī 
’s
Sharh.al-Maw
ā
hib
(800+ names)Al-Nabh
ā
n
ī 
’s
Ah.san al-Was
ā
’il 
in verse and 
al-Asm
ā
ī 
m
ā
li-Ras
ū
lill 
ā
hi
!
 
min al-Asm
ā
in prose (830 names)A trilingual recension was recently published by Shaykh An
ī 
s Ludhianv
ī 
 
rah.imahull 
ā
h
.
 
Al-Ah.
ā
ī 
th al-Arba‘ 
ī 
n f 
ī 
Fad .
ā
’il Sayyid al-Mursal 
ī 
n
(“Forty Narrations on the Excellent Traits of the Master of Messengers
!
”), in print.
Al-Ah.
ā
ī 
th al-Arba‘ 
ī 
n f 
ī 
Fad .l al-Jih
ā
d wal-Muj
ā
hid 
ī 
n
(“Forty Narrations on the Immense Merit of Jih
ā
d and Muj
ā
hid
ī 
n”), in print.
Al-Ah.
ā
ī 
th al-Arba‘ 
ī 
n f 
ī 
Wuj
ū
bi T .
ā
‘at Am
ī 
r al-Mu’min
ī 
n
(“Forty Narrations on the Obligatorinessof Obeying the Commander of the Believers”), in print.
 
Al-Ah.
ā
ī 
th al-Arba‘ 
ī 
n min Amth
ā
l Afs.ah.al-Mursal 
ī 
n
(“Forty Narrations Containing SimilesMade by the Most Eloquent of All Messengers
!
”), in print.
Al-Anw
ā
r al-Muh.ammadiyya
(“The Muh.ammadan Lights”), an abridgment of al-Qast.all
ā
n
ī 
’s
al-Maw
ā
hib al-L
ā
duniyya
(“The Otherworldly Bestowals”) <
1
3
1
0> in 632 pages.
Al-Arba‘ 
ī 
na Arba‘ 
ī 
n min Ah.
ā
ī 
thi Sayyid al-Mursal 
ī 
n
(“Forty Times Forty Narrations from theMaster of Messengers”) <
1
329>.
Arba‘ 
ū
na .ad 
ī 
than f 
ī 
Arba‘ 
ī 
na .
ī 
ghatin f 
ī 
l-S .al 
ā
ti ‘al 
ā
al-Nab
ī 
(“Forty Narrations on FortyWordings of Invocations of Blessings on the Prophet
!
”).
Arba‘ 
ū
na H .ad 
ī 
than f 
ī 
Fad .
ā
’ili Ahl al-Bayt 
(“Forty Narrations on the High Merits of the People of the Prophetic House”).
Arba‘ 
ū
na H .ad 
ī 
than f 
ī 
Fad .li Ab
ī 
Bakr 
(“Forty Narrations on the Excellence of Ab
ū
Bakr”).
Arba‘ 
ū
na .ad 
ī 
than f 
ī 
Fad .li Ab
ī 
Bakrin wa-‘Umar 
(“Forty Narrations on the Excellence of Ab
ū
 Bakr and ‘Umar”).
Arba‘ 
ū
na H .ad 
ī 
than f 
ī 
Fad .li ‘Al 
ī 
(“Forty Narrations on the Excellence of ‘Al
ī 
”).
Arba‘ 
ū
na .ad 
ī 
than f 
ī 
Fad .li Arba‘ 
ī 
na .ah.
ā
biyyan
(“Forty H.ad
ī 
ths on the Hight Merits of FortyProphetic Companions”).
Arba‘ 
ū
na H .ad 
ī 
than f 
ī 
Fad .li L
ā
Il 
ā
ha Ill 
ā
All 
ā
h
(“Forty Narrations on the Excellence of 
L
ā
Il 
ā
haIll 
ā
All 
ā
h
”).
Arba‘ 
ū
na H .ad 
ī 
than f 
ī 
Fad .li ‘Umar 
(“Forty Narrations on the Excellence of ‘Umar”).
Arba‘ 
ū
na H .ad 
ī 
than f 
ī 
Fad .li ‘Uthm
ā
n
(“Forty Narrations on the Excellence of ‘Uthm
ā
n”).
Al-As
ā
ī 
b al-Bad 
ī 
‘a
ī 
Fad .l al-S .ah.
ā
ba wa-Iqn
ā
‘i al-Sh
ī 
‘a
(“The Beautiful Methods in [Present-ing] the High Merits of the Companions and Persuading the Sh
ī 
ī 
s”)
Asb
ā
b al-Ta’l 
ī 
f min al-‘ 
Ā 
jiz al-D.a‘ 
ī 
(“The Reasons Why This Helpless Poorling Writes”),appended to the
ā
mi‘ Kar 
ā
m
ā
t al-Awliy
ā
’ 
.
Al-Asm
ā
ī 
m
ā
li-Ras
ū
lill 
ā
hi
!
 
min al-Asm
ā
(“The Apex in Knowledge of the Names of theProphet
!
”)
 
in which the Q
ā
d.
ī 
listed about 830 to 860 names of the Prophet
!
in a 300-versepoem.
Al-Bash
ā
’ir al-
Ī 
m
ā
niyya f 
ī 
l-Mubashshir 
ā
t al-Man
ā
miyya
(“The Faith-Informed Glad Tidings inthe Mercy-Telling Dreams”), in print.
Al-Burh
ā
n al-Musaddad f 
ī 
Ithb
ā
ti Nubuwwati Sayyidin
ā
Muh.ammad 
 
!
(“The Ironclad Demon-stration of the Prophethood of our Master Muh.ammad
!
”), in print.
Dal 
ī 
l al-Tujj
ā
r i
ā
Akhl 
ā
q al-Akhy
ā
(“The Guide of Traders in the High Manners of the Elect”), inprint.
Al-Dal 
ā
ā
 
al-W 
ā
.ih.
ā
t Sharh.Dal 
ā
’il al-Khayr 
ā
, a commentary on Im
ā
m al-Jaz
ū
l
ī 
’s manual of invocations of blessings on the Prophet
!
, the foremost manual of its kind. Shaykh Bass
ā
m ‘Abdal-Wahh
ā
b al-J
ā
b
ī 
of Damascus produced a good new edition of this work in 200
1
printed with thefully vowelized
Dal 
ā
’il 
.
4
  
4
Cairo: al-D
ā
r al-Ghann
ā
’, 200
1
.

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