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Hodat Review

Hodat Review

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Published by Matthew Bell

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categoriesTypes, Reviews, Art
Published by: Matthew Bell on Mar 01, 2011
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03/02/2011

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HODAT 3106 review sheet spring 09, first testThe following represents the material you will be tested on.  You can find it most easily by usingthe index in the back of the Brockett book.  The material covered here is far less extensive thanyou will find in the book.  I have attempted to restrict it to what I have covered in class and/or what I think is essential for a theatre student to be familiar with.  I think you will agree thatyou’ll have a better shot with this material than with just testing you from the book chapters.  If you have heretofore neglected the reading and/or the lectures you will probably have somedifficulty with the review, but if you’ve been keeping up it shouldn’t be that difficult.  In thelectures I try to provide context for the material, not just repeat the material in the text.  Rather than make you familiar with all of the figures, theatres, and events in the period covered, I’vechosen sometimes to include only one or several figures representative of the period.  That is notto suggest that the other material in the book is not important, it’s just to recognize the difficultyin learning all of it.   Again, the following represents what I think is essential for a student of theatre history to be familiar with.  Not all of the material below will be included on the exam,but all of it is fair game.
Differences between classical and modern theatre-
everybody knows what classical theatre is… all the Greek bullshit, the chorus and stuff.
 
-Modern theatre is the Western development of drama beginning in the late 19th century, mostfamously with the plays of Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906). The role of the play became one of bothillumination and examination, one that often criticizes and satirizes political and cultural dogmaand practices. With its extension into film and television media, modern drama presents a widearray of historical and fictional perspectives.
Definitions of Modern Restoration Theatre
I couldn’t find anything in the book or the power points and I couldn’t find anything good on the internet. I doubt it’ll be on the test because Davidsaid stuff in the book/power points is most likely to be on the test. Sorry I suck.
The Interregnum-
This was a period of time in England during which the Puritan Oliver Cromwell ruled. Activities for pleasure like theatre were banned during this time starting in 1642
Charles I
-Charles I was the king of England during the English civil war which resulted in hisdeath and the subsequent rule by Olive Cromwell. During the reign of Charles I, plays weretypically written about historical figures from the generations prior.
Oliver Cromwell
- (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military andpolitical leader best known in England for his overthrow of the monarchy andtemporarily turning England into a republican Commonwealth and for his rule as LordProtector of England, Scotland and Ireland. Cromwell's second objective was spiritualand moral reform. He aimed to restore liberty of conscience and promote both outward
 
and inward godliness throughout England. In 1642, under the force of the Puritans, ledby Cromwell, the English Parliament issued an ordinance suppressing all stage plays inthe theatres.
Charles II -
(29 May 1630 OS – 6 February 1685 OS) was monarch of the threekingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Charles was popularly known as theMerrie Monarch, in reference to both the liveliness and hedonism of his court and thegeneral relief at the return to normality after over a decade of rule by Oliver Cromwelland the Puritans. he Restoration was accompanied by social change. Puritanism lost itsmomentum. Theatres reopened after having been closed during the protectorship ofOliver Cromwell, and bawdy "Restoration comedy" became a recognizable genre.Theatre licenses granted by Charles were the first in England to permit women to playfemale roles on stage (they were previously played by boys).
Davenant and Killigrew
- Killigrew was an English dramatist and theatre manager.Davenant was an English poet and playwright. Along with Thomas Killigrew, Davenantwas one of the rare figures in English Renaissance theatre whose career spanned boththe Caroline and Restoration eras and who was active both before and after the EnglishCivil War and during the Interregnum. Killigrew and Davenant, was given a royal warrantto form a theatre company in 1660which gave Killigrew a key role in the revival ofEnglish drama. Killigrew beat Davenant to a debut.
Aphra Behn
-
 
(1640-1689) was the first woman known to have made her living as aplaywright. She wrote at least 17 plays and is best known for The Rover.
George Etherege -
(1634-1691) is credited with the fully developed comedy of manners- in his plays are where we find the elements that were to be typical of the type:characters drawn from the upper classes and preoccupation with seduction, arrangedmarriages, the latest fashions, and witty repartee.
William Wycherly
began writing for the stage in 1671 … wrote The Country Wife(1675)… his moral tone offended many critics. The Country Wife is often cited asevidence of the moral laxity of Restoration Comedy.
William Congreve,
The comedy of manners reached its peak in the plays of WilliamCongreve. He wrote Love for Love and The Way of the World-(thought to be one of thebest of all English comedies) ….brilliant scenes,
 
sparkling dialogue and clear cutcharacterization
Jeremy Collie
r – playwright A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of theEnglish Stage (1698) – caused an attack on the English theatre by conservatives-Puritans. Collier succeeded where others had failed because he began with the
 
accepted neoclassical doctrine that the purpose of drama is to teach and to please andwent on to show the disparity between theatre and practice. Most dramatists found itimpossible to answer Collier effectively since they too had accepted moral teachings asthe basic aim of drama.From English Drama, 1700 – 1750 (Brockett pgs 224-225)The transition toward a new approach is best seen in the plays of Cibber and
 
Farquhar,in which the characteristics of the established comic types are modified considerably bya more conservative moral outlook and by greater sentimentality.
Colley Cibber
– playwright Lover
ʼ
s Last Shift, The Careless Husband, The DoubleGallant, and The Lady
ʼ
s Stake…characters pursue their fashionable follies until the fifthact, when they undergo rapid and sentimentalized conversions
 
George Farquha
– preserved much of Congreve
ʼ
s wit, but set his plays in the countryand resolved them in a manner that removed moral obstacles. His best plays are TheConstant Couple, The Recruiting Officer, The Recruiting Officer, The Beaux Stratagem.
Susanna Centrelivre:
One of the premiere dramatists of the 18th century. She workedfor a great deal of her career at Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. Aphra Behn was the first bigfemale writer in the restoration, Susanna was considered the second woman of theEnglish Stage.
The Licensing act of 1737:
Until the 1730s Lord Chamberlain was able to control theatres, companies and plays inEngland because the Master of Revels was his subordinate and so drama was broughtto his jurisdiction. When the theaters reopened, the power of the master was slowlystripped as the Lord Chamberlain began to create an authority founded on traditions.The Licensing Act was a result of the social, legal, economic, and political conditions ofthe time, as well as the reactions to literary works that were dominated by these issues.It was a product of hostility towards drama and theaters arising from the still widespreadreligious opposition. During 1736 and 1737, Jacobites were able to manipulate thestage. The first attempt at legislation regarding censorship, in 1735, failed to pass. In1737, Walpole finally succeeded in passing the Licensing Act. The act gave legal forceto the Lord Chamberlain's authority by giving him the power to license plays, and gaverise to the phrase "legitimate theater.
the three stages of the restoration (1660 to 1700, 1700 to 1737, 1737 to 1800),

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