P O P t r o n i x
U l t r a s o n i c M o t i o n D e t e c t o r
w w w . p o p t r o n i x . c o m
measures only 1-1/2 by 3 inches.The device detects motion from 4 to 7-meters away. Once that occurs, a red LEDlights. But with additional circuitryattached to the output, the detector canturn on lights, sound buzzers, trip arecording device, or even call the police.Also, the circuit can be made to sound offwith a message when anyone moveswithin its field of detection. Using variousvoice recording and playback circuits, youmight even have the Ultrasonic MotionDetector provide a pleasant greeting orsnarl with a barking dog sound whensomeone approaches the front door. Asyou can see, your Ultrasonic MotionDetector project can be put to work in avariety of ways. Let's now look at how itworks.
The schematic for the UltrasonicMotion Detector is shown in Fig. 1. A 9-voltbattery, B1, directly provides power forsome sections of the circuit. The battery isalso connected to a 78L05 regulator, IC3.which provides a 5-volt-DC power sourcefor other sections of the circuit.The transmitter section of the Detectoris basically a crystal-controlled relaxationoscillator built around a 4049 hex inverter,IC2. One of the 4049 sections, IC2-c, alongwith resistors R21 and R22, and capacitorsC11 and C12, "pings" the 40-kHz crystalinto sustained oscillation. The remaining4049 sections act as linear buffers to drive a40-kHz ultrasonic transmitting transducer,BZ2.The receiver section of the circuit ismade up of four AC-coupled stages, each
R2110 MEGR22150KC1233pF7 63812IC2-a1/6
R710 MEGC5100pF+5VC4.47R5220KR42.2KC2.01+5VR1100KR310 MEGBZ1*R2100KC1.11/4
R101 MEGC6.01R111.2 MEGD2
R121.2 MEGR91 MEGIC1-c–
* SEE TEXT
This is the schematic diagram for the Ultrasonic Motion Detector.When motion is sensed, transistor Q1 switches on,lighting LED1.