Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
6Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Reloading for the Semi- Auto - C.E. Harris 1986

Reloading for the Semi- Auto - C.E. Harris 1986

Ratings:

5.0

(1)
|Views: 1,264 |Likes:
Published by bpm990d
Reloading Semi - Auto
Reloading Semi - Auto

More info:

Published by: bpm990d on Mar 01, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/21/2013

pdf

text

original

 
C.E.
Harris
ESPITE WHAT
YOU
have heard
D
o the contrary,
it
is
entirelypractical and cost-effective to reloadsemiautomatic rifles.
It
is
true youmust observe common sense precau-tions and accept certain limitations butthe results are satisfying and easy
to
obtain. It
is
no trick to equal the func-tional reliability of factory ammuni-tion. With some planning you can im-prove upon the accuracy of factoryloads and save money
as
well.The fundamentals of reloading for asemiautomatic rifle are simple:
Reloads should be duplicates of factoryor arsenal loads, wherever possible.
You
have great flexibility of bullet makes,types and styles within that frame-work, but staying within traditionalboundaries avoids lots of problems.Given some knowledge, you can deviate
from
that but you might have problemswith feeding if you change bulletshapes, with functioning if you trymuch lighter loads, and you may eveninduce gun mechanism damage or anaccident with inappropriate powders orprimers. Experimentation
is
for theknowledgeable and cautious.
I
Reloading
Semiauto
When fed good ammunition, the 5.56mm (left)
is
capable of good scores.
As
the target abovereveals, barrels rifled with faster twists, say,one turn in seven to
10
inches, usually get betterresults with 68 to 69-grain bullets. Most
SKS
carbines, on the other hand, deliver betteraccuracy with cast bullets (above, right) than they do with service rounds. NE1 bulletNo. 155.311 groups very well when backed
by
20 to 25 grains of H-322.
Case preparation and priming arecritical for both safety and reliability.You cannot afford distractions. Full-length resizing of fired brass to be usedin semiautomatic rifles should be con-sidered routine. Resized brass mustenter the chamber freely and extractwithout resistance.Excessive sizing
is
usually caused bymismatched shellholders, improperdies or maladjusted dies and willreduce case life or cause head separa-tions.
It is
popularly believed thatsmall-based sizing dies are needed forsemiautos but they are more applicableto manually operated rifles havingpoor extraction or chambering lever-age, such
as
pumps or lever guns.Small-based dies should be avoidedwhen making ammunition for mostsemiautos. That
is
because militarychambers and sporting semiautomaticrifles have greater radial bodyclearances to aid functioning underadverse conditions. If the case bodydiameter
is
reduced more than needed,
it
will expand that much more whenfired, then be reduced excessively
24
Handloader
139
 
for
Rifles
again the next time through the sizingdie. Overworked brass turns brittlequickly and will exceed its elasticlimits and fail lamentably soon.Setting the shoulder back too muchby mismatching dies and shellholder,or using cheap, surplus brass whichmay have become shortened from fir-ing in a machine gun, give similarresults. The violent operation of manyautomatic gun mechanisms rams car-tridges into chambers and drives theirshoulders back, creating conditionsakin to excessive headspace.
I
haveseen M80 surplus brass separate in M1and M14 rifles after being reloadedonce
-
and that is why.When using brass from Lake CityM118 Match ammo fired in an M1 orM14 rifle, you can expect at least adozen match-quality reloads eventhough those hulls are resized fulllength every time. If you trim everysecond firing and anneal again aboutthe eighth reload.I have always used standard full-length sizing dies when reloading forthe M1, M14, AR-15 and M16, AK,SKS,
FN-FAL
and
HK
rifles and haveexperienced no problems. All popularmakes of reloading dies give satisfac-tory results but all of
us
have ourpreferences. It is unnecessary
to
get themost expensive die set. I have been us-ing Lee dies extensively, giving thema real workout in .223, .308, 7.62~39and .30-06 for several years now. I amvery favorably impressed with them.They work the brass no more than isnecessary, which helps case life. I haveused some brands of older dies whichworked the brass too much and causedproblems.Most die makers are concerned withbeing sure that cases resized in theirdies will work in even the tightestchamber. Lee dimensions its dies to ac-commodate the average chamber,which is best for most users. When oneof those occasional snug chambers(which needs more aggressive sizing) isencountered, Lee is happy to replace ormodify the die.Cartridge case defects which are
of
no serious consequence in a manuallyoperated rifle (such as a loose primerpocket) can cause malfunctions or ac-cidents in a semiautomatic. Conscien-tious case inspection and preparationare essential. The most common defectsin reloading ammunition for semiauto-matic rifles are long cases whichshould have been trimmed (but werenot), and dirty or oversized primerpockets.Extra-long cases affect uniformity ofcrimping, which can cause velocity andaccuracy variations. In the extreme, itcan buckle a case shoulder duringcrimping, impede chambering andprevent the breech from locking com-pletely. When excessively long casesimpinge against the end of thechamber, their mouths may resist ex-pansion and delay releasing the bullet,causing a dangerous increase inpressure.Dirty
or
oversized primer pockets arepotentially dangerous. That is becausea dirty primer pocket may leave aprimer protruding slightly afterseating or an oversized pocket can per-mit a primer to back out during thefeed cycle. Either condition risks aslamfire caused by the high primer be-ing struck by the lip of the bolt as itis stripped from the magazine, or by thebolt face itself as the round ischambered.There are a great many myths aboutaccidental slamfiies which
I
would liketo clarify. Rifles like the M1, M14 andRuger Mini-14 have cam-retracted fir-ing pins which prevent their protrusionfrom the boltface unless the bolt is fullylocked. The rear of the firing pin hasa “tail” which engages a cam cut in thereceiver web. That prevents forwardmovement of the firing pin-until thebolt has rotated fully into battery
to
align the firing pin tail with itsclearance slot in the receiver duringnormal firing. There is another safetyfeature, the hammer retraction cam,which prevents the hammer from con-tacting the firing pin tab unless thebolt is fully locked. A correctlyassembled M1 Garand cannot fire outof battery. Nevertheless, correctly func-tioning safety devices can be defeatedby
idiot-loadedammo-induced
errors.Case sizing problems can be avoidedby properly adjusting dies. Most diesrequire a slight crush of the shellholderagainst the die at top dead center of theram’s stroke. If you have shellholderswhich aren’t the same brand as yourdies, or if the die body has beenshortened to accommodate a tight
Far left, cleaning primer pockets with a MatchPrep tool. Left, a Lee hand primer speeds pro-duction with no
loss
of sensitivity. Right, Ednever bothers to weigh powder charges; hemeasures them all. Far right, before seatingbullets, the powder level in each case shouldbe checked visually
to
make sure they are
alike.
May-June
1989
25
 
5.56mm
NATO
(.223
emington)
Semiauto
Rifle
Loads
bullet powder charge velocity gmw
(grains)
ups,
Unches)
52 Sierra MatchKing ~-4198 22.0 3,096 3.06W-748 28.0 3,161 3.89H-322 23.5 3,033 3.9055 Midway FMJBT H-4198 21
.o
2,950 5.4822.0 3,052 5.57H-322 23.0 2,927 5.59H-335 26.0 3,126 6.57Military loads fired for comparisonM193 TW72 lot 2-612 3,196 5.34
Following loads for Government chamber only!
Not
for SAAMI-chambered rifles!
69 Sierra MatchKing H-4198 20.0 2,724 3.66RL-7 21.0 2,753 4.40H-322 23.0 2,793 4.05H-4895 24.0 2,837 4.03RL-12 24.0 2,745 4.23W-748 26.0 2,850 4.28
I
MR-4064 23.5 2,725 3.64IMR-4320 25.0 2,829 3.99Tested
in
an
AR-15
with 7-inch twistSS109
(Ma551
FNB*83 3,143 5.78
groups are an average
of
five 10-round groups at
200
yards
All
loads used WCC cases with Remington
7%
primers; overall cartridgelength was
2.26
inches. Velocities instrumental at
15
feet.
Be alert
-
ublisher cannot accept responsibility for errors
in
published load data.
.30-06
Loads
for
Semiauto
Rifles
For
M1
Garands and other military rifles
bullet powder
125 Sierra Spitzer H-322AAC-2520IMR-4895H-4895150 Sierra MatchKing IMR-4895W-748H-322IMR-4064AAC-2520168 Sierra MatchKing IMR-4895H-4895IMR-4064H-380AAC-2520175 M118lM72 FMJ IMR-4895H-4895W-760IMR-4064
charge velocity
@rains) Ups)
50.0 2,95052.0 3,00052.0 2,97052.0 2,94048.0 2,80052.0 2,77546.0 2,74052.0 2,80049.0 2,79546.5 2.64047.0 2,66049.0 2,65046.0 2,60044.5 2,60048.0 2,70045.0 2.62552.0 2,64047.0 2,620
remarks
Outstanding bullet for offhandand 200-yard sitting rapid-fire National Match stages.The 150-grain MatchKing equalsthe accuracy of the 168-grain MK in the Garand,and approximates M2 Ball
velocity.
Best choice for an all-aroundmatch load for
use
up to600 yards, and foraccuracy testing.
These
charges closelyapproximate M72 Matchammunition, working
well
in
the
Garand.
All
loads used
Lake
City Match cases with Federal 210 primers; overall car-tridge length is
3.32
nches. Velocities instrumental at 15 feet. These loadsare proven performers in match-conditionedGarand rifles, but also groupwell in
bolt
action match and sporter rifles.
Be alert
-
ublisher cannot acceDt resmnsibill2Y for ermm
in
Dubllshed load data.
chamber, you may set the case shoulderback too much.The best way to adjust dies whenloading ammunition
for
a group
of
team rifles of the same caliber is to ac-commodate the tightest chamber. Sizea group
of
test cases and try them ineach rifle. Strip the bolts of extractorand ejector, and remove the operatingrod spring. Using thumb pressure toclose the bolt, the resized brass shouldenter the chamber freely and the boltshould close
as
f
on
an empty chamber.
I routinely decap brass picked up onthe range with a Lee decapping dieprior to tumble cleaning
so
I
can makea thorough visual inspection.
If
thebrass is of a known batch,
I
postponecleaning and inspecting until aftertrimming and deburring.All cases showing cracks and deepbody dents or splits are culled andhammered flat to prevent re-use.Mouth dents are easily ironed out
us-
ing the point of a dummy cartridge
so
the expander button will not wrinklethem.Chamber flute marks from HK riflesare unsightly but usually do not impairreloading. They are mostly carbonstreaking, anyway. Instead, discard anyHK-fired cases having torn
or
deformedrims. They indicate the powder usedwas
too
slow and generated higherresidual chamber pressure during ex-traction. Military brass has harderheads and is better for rifles with flutedchambers.After decapping, cleaning and visual
26
Handloader
139
L.

Activity (6)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
angelines123 liked this
sdavis8873 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->