There are over 22,000 subspecies and 9300 species of birds classified in 166 families, 27 ordersin the class
. Order Passeriformes contains the largest number with 5243 species of birds,and the Order Struthioniformes contains only one species (ostrich).The number of species in each order, along with representative species, is listed in the followingtable. The list starts with orders believed to be the most primitive and continuing to the mostadvanced.
Order Species # Species
Struthioniformes ostrich 1Rheiformes rheas 2Casuariiformes emus, cassowary 4Apterygiformes kiwis 3Tinamiformes tinamous 40Sphenisciformes penguins 17Gaviiformes loons 4Podicipediformes grebes 18Procellariformes albatrosses, fulmars 86Peliconiformes pelicans, cormorants, frigate, boobies 55Ciconiiformes herons, egrets, storks, ibises, spoonbills, flamingos, bitterns.116Anseriformes Ducks, geese, swans 145Falconiformes vultures, eagles, hawks, harriers, kites, osprey,falcons, buzzards272Galliformes chickens, turkeys, quail, pheasant, partridge,Guinea fowl, peafowl, grouse, chachalaca, guan,currasow, capercaille, ptarmigan, megapods252Gruiformes cranes, coots, rails, trumpeters, seriemas, bustards, bustard quails199