, isa brand originally licensed by the Wi-FiAlliance to describe the underlyingtechnology of wireless local areanetworks (WLAN) based on the IEEE802.11 specifications.
is a flexibledata communication systemimplemented as an extension to a wiredLAN within a building or campus.WLANs transmit and receive data over the air by electrical signals, minimizingthe need for wired connections. Theadvent of WLAN
opened up a wholenew definition of what a network infrastructure can be. No longer does aninfrastructure need to be solid and fixed,difficult to move and expensive tochange. Instead it can move with theuser and change as fast as theorganization does.Wi-Fi was developed to be used for mobile computing devices, such aslaptops, in LANs, but is nowincreasingly used for more applications,including Internet and VoIP phoneaccess, gaming, and basic connectivityof consumer electronics such astelevisions and DVD players, or digitalcameras.A person with a Wi-Fi device, such as acomputer, telephone, or personal digitalassistant (PDA) can connect to theInternet when in proximity of an accesspoint. The region covered by one or several access points is called a hotspot.Hotspots can range from a single roomto many square miles of overlappingHotspots. Wi-Fi can also be used tocreate a Wireless mesh network.Wi-Fi also allows connectivity in peer-to-peer mode, which enables devices toconnect directly with each other. Thisconnectivity mode is useful in consumer electronics and gaming applications.
Choice Of WirelessTechnology
The widespread reliance on networkingin business and the meteoric growth of the Internet and online services arestrong testimonials to the benefits of shared data and shared resources. Withwireless LANs, users can access sharedinformation without looking for a placeto plug-in. Wireless LAN offers thefollowing productivity and convenienceover Wired Networks:► Mobility► Installation Speed and Simplicity► Installation Flexibility► Reduced Cost of Ownership► Scalability