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3G UTRAN

3G UTRAN

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Published by Rajeev Tiwary

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Published by: Rajeev Tiwary on Mar 02, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/28/2013

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3G Networking Protocols:The Bridge Between the AirInterface and the UTRAN
Technology and Testing Methodology OverviewUsing the Agilent 3G Test System (3GTS)
This paper examines interactions between the RF (air) interface and the UMTSTerrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN). These concepts are important for peopleinvolved in the design and system integration of 3G network elements, such as theNode B (base station), as well as providers of next-generation mobile voice and dataservices.The UTRAN provides the connection between the mobile user equipment and theInternet or Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) via an ATM-based transportinfrastructure. 3G networking protocols are involved in processes such as connectionestablishment, base station handover, and network timing synchronization. Thesefunctions are required to provide high quality, uninterrupted mobile voice and dataservices, independent of the position and movement of the user equipment or RF fadeconditions.
 
Part 1: 3G RAN Testing Overview
l
Overview of 3GPP Protocols and Testing Methodology
l
Introduction to the Agilent 3G Test System (
3GTS 
)
Part 2: Frame Protocol
l
Data Transport; RNC Flow Control; Node B Timing Alignment
l
Node and Channel Synchronization Processes
l
Using 3GTS  Protocol Emulation
 
Part 1: 3G RAN Testing Overview
l
Overview of 3GPP Protocols and Testing Methodology
l
Introduction to the Agilent 3G Test System(
3GTS 
)
Part 2: Frame Protocol
l
Data Transport; RNC Flow Control; Node B Timing Alignment
l
Node and Channel Synchronization Processes
l
Using 3GTS  Protocol Emulation
Agenda
The paper explores the following issues:Introduction to UTRAN protocols– 3G network overview– 3GPP protocols for the Node B (Uu and Iub interfaces)Frame Protocol: Functions and Deployment IssuesData and Control Channel Structure– Frame TTI (Time Transmission Interval)– Base station timing synchronization3G Networking Protocol Testing Techniques– Introduction to Agilent 3G test system (3GTS)– Functional and performance testing– Test cases: base station synchronization; diversity handover
 
Part 1:3G Business and Technology Issues
Business Issues:
l
Accelerate Time to Market
l
Reduce Risks
l
Develop New NetworkInfrastructure
l
Complex Technology
l
New Skills Required(RF, ATM, IP)
l
The Need for a SystematicTest Methodology
 
Business Issues:
l
Accelerate Time to Market
l
Reduce Risks
l
Develop New NetworkInfrastructure
l
Complex Technology
l
New Skills Required(RF, ATM, IP)
l
The Need for a SystematicTest Methodology
Technical Issues:
l
3G Radio Access Network (RAN)elements
l
3G Protocols across theIu/ Iub/ Iur Interface
l
Examples of Systematic3G RAN Testing:
l
Transport Layer Verification
l
3G Protocol Verification
l
Connection Testing
l
Load Testing
 
Technical Issues:
l
3G Radio Access Network (RAN)elements
l
3G Protocols across theIu/ Iub/ Iur Interface
l
Examples of Systematic3G RAN Testing:
l
Transport Layer Verification
l
3G Protocol Verification
l
Connection Testing
l
Load Testing
3G Business and Technology Issues
Third Generation cellular wireless technology provides much greater levels of functionality andflexibility than previous generations (for example, 1G analog and 2/2.5G digitalGSM/CDMA/GPRS systems).  3G offers improved RF spectral efficiency and higher data bit rates,up to 2 Mbps.An early benefit of 3G technology will be improved mobile telephone services and significantlyincreased system capacity.  For example, multi-mode phones will enable seamless global roamingcapability (ability to use the same handset anywhere in the world).  In the longer term, 3G is alsoexpected to become a significant Internet access technology, providing mobile data rates rangingfrom 144 kbps to 2 Mbps with guaranteed Quality of Service (QoS) levels.However, the benefits of 3G come at a cost. RF spectrum licenses are extremely expensive and alarge number of companies are competing to enter the market.  The first few companies to marketwith new 3G voice and data services are likely to retain a significant competitive advantage in thelong term.At the same time, 3G systems are significantly more complex to design and operate and requiremulti-protocol support, particularly across the terrestrial Radio Access Network (RAN). Findingenough skilled employees presents an additional challenge, as many people who come from a2/2.5G background face a steep learning curve to gain the required experience in ATM and IPtechnologies.In an environment that includes high levels of investment, competition, and technical complexity,combined with a critical skills shortage, there is a strong need for equipment manufacturers andservices to adopt strategies that minimize risks and accelerate time to market. In this paper, we willlook at a systematic approach to verifying the functions and performance of the 3G RAN and itsnetwork elements.

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