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tower

tower

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Published by: evjbala on Mar 02, 2011
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11/02/2012

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In the last article we discussed about thetransmission line main accessories. Now we will discussabout transmission tower or pylon types.  The transmission tower is an important accessory andthe performance of the transmission line depends very much on the design of the transmissiontower. The electric transmission towers or pylons can be classified several ways. Here we willtry to classify it broadly. The most obvious and visible tower types are
y
 
L
attice structure
y
 
Tubular pole structureVarieties of tower types are used in practice. Traditionally self supporting lattice structures areused for electricity transmission line towers (see Fig-A). You will mostly find the use of self supporting type lattice structures for transmission lines in most of the power companies . Thelattice structures can be erected easily in very inaccessible locations as the tower members can beeasily transported.
L
attice structures are light and cost effective. The main disadvantage of latticestructure is that it requires more ROW (Right Of Way). Right Of Way is the stretch of landacquired along the route length of line keeping the towers in the middle of ROW width. See Fig-D where the width of ROW is shown by double headed arrow. The ROW width is as per thestandard set by
L
ocal authority or government agency. Clearly ROW is more for higher voltageline.In the sketch of a single circuit lattice tower (Fig-A), two numbers of ground conductors areused. Theta is the shield angle. For reliably protecting the conductors from lightening this angle should be less than 30 degrees. In the Fig-A the phase conductors used arebundled type.   In many cases due to public resentment  the use of lattice structures has been restricted. So
 
alternative transmission structures are adopted by some power companies.  Steel tubular pole structures  have been used quite successfully by some power companies for high and extra high tension transmission lines.  The installation of these structures are costly butrequires less time. See the sketch of a tubular steel pole structure (Fig-B). The tubular structurecan be a single tubular form or H-form.
L
ike
L
attice tower it can also be designed for carryingtwo or more circuits. A lattice tower with double circuit is shown in Figure-D. Moretransmission companies are considering the use of this type of tower especially in populatedareas.    The lattice guyed-V transmission towers has also been used by the transmission companies incases where more space is available.. These are simple, easy and cheaper to install. The guyedtowers also require less time for installation. The main disadvantage is that these towers requiremore space due to presence of guy wires. See the sketch of the tower (Fig-C). This tower usestwo string insulators per phase arranged in V form.
 
  Another classification is from the point of view of materials used. The transmission towers areusually made from steel and galvanized steels. Aluminium is also used as construction materialfor transmission lines. In many countries wooden transmission towers are also used for HV/EHVtransmission, if plenty of wood of considerable length(or height) is available at reasonable cost.The wooden towers are mainly single pole or H-frame type.

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