In the last article we discussed about thetransmission line main accessories. Now we will discussabout transmission tower or pylon types. The transmission tower is an important accessory andthe performance of the transmission line depends very much on the design of the transmissiontower. The electric transmission towers or pylons can be classified several ways. Here we willtry to classify it broadly. The most obvious and visible tower types are
Tubular pole structureVarieties of tower types are used in practice. Traditionally self supporting lattice structures areused for electricity transmission line towers (see Fig-A). You will mostly find the use of self supporting type lattice structures for transmission lines in most of the power companies . Thelattice structures can be erected easily in very inaccessible locations as the tower members can beeasily transported.
attice structures are light and cost effective. The main disadvantage of latticestructure is that it requires more ROW (Right Of Way). Right Of Way is the stretch of landacquired along the route length of line keeping the towers in the middle of ROW width. See Fig-D where the width of ROW is shown by double headed arrow. The ROW width is as per thestandard set by
ocal authority or government agency. Clearly ROW is more for higher voltageline.In the sketch of a single circuit lattice tower (Fig-A), two numbers of ground conductors areused. Theta is the shield angle. For reliably protecting the conductors from lightening this angle should be less than 30 degrees. In the Fig-A the phase conductors used arebundled type. In many cases due to public resentment the use of lattice structures has been restricted. So