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modern numerical methods for fluid flow

modern numerical methods for fluid flow

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modern numerical methods for fluid flow
modern numerical methods for fluid flow

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Published by: zhang ying on Aug 23, 2008
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 Modern Numerical Methods for Fluid Flow
Phillip Colella
Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of California, Berkeleyand
Elbridge Gerry Puckett
Department of MathematicsUniversity of California, Davis
 
Draft of November 8, 1994i
 Modern Numerical Methods for Fluid FlowP. Colella and E. G. Pucket
I.Compressible Flow
1.Finite difference methods for linear scalar problems.........................................................................11.1Consistency, stability, and convergence...............................................................................21.2The Von Neumann stability analysis....................................................................................51.3Some simple finite difference schemes................................................................................91.3.1Upwind Differencing.............................................................................................91.3.2Downwind Differencing......................................................................................101.3.3Centered Differencing.........................................................................................111.3.4The Two-Step Lax-Wendroff Scheme................................................................121.4Upwind schemes and the geometric interpretation of finite differences............................151.5Fourier analysis and accuracy............................................................................................201.5.1Amplitude error...................................................................................................221.5.2Phase errors.........................................................................................................231.6The modified equation.......................................................................................................281.7Discontinuities...................................................................................................................291.7.1Max-norm boundedness and Godunov’s Theorem.............................................351.8Weak solutions, conservative finite difference methods and the Lax-Wendroff theorem.371.9Limiters..............................................................................................................................401.9.1Flux-corrected transport......................................................................................411.9.2Geometric limiters...............................................................................................441.9.3Design criteria for schemes with limiters............................................................462.Nonlinear scalar problems................................................................................................................512.1Weak solutions of nonlinear hyperbolic problems.............................................................542.1.1Nonuniqueness of weak solutions.......................................................................562.1.2The entropy condition..........................................................................................562.2Strategies to enforce the entropy condition.......................................................................582.2.1Artificial viscosity...............................................................................................592.2.2The first-order Godunov method.........................................................................592.2.3The second-order Godunov method....................................................................612.2.3.1Outline of the method...........................................................................622.2.3.2Analysis of the method.........................................................................642.2.4The convexification of the Riemann problem.....................................................662.2.5The Engquist-Osher flux.....................................................................................683.Systems of conservation laws..........................................................................................................703.1The linearized perturbation equations................................................................................703.1.1Perturbations of the Riemann problem................................................................723.1.2The first order Godunov method.........................................................................743.1.3The first-order Godunov method (continued).....................................................763.1.4The second-order Godunov method....................................................................773.1.4.1Stability of the method..........................................................................793.1.4.2Local truncation error............................................................................793.2The effect of a nonlinear change of variables....................................................................803.2.1The general case..................................................................................................803.2.2Gasdynamics........................................................................................................814.Nonlinear systems of conservation laws..........................................................................................844.1The Riemann problem.......................................................................................................864.2The entropy condition........................................................................................................864.3Solution procedure for the approximate Riemann problem...............................................884.3.1The solution in phase space.................................................................................89
 
Draft of November 8, 1994ii
 Modern Numerical Methods for Fluid FlowP. Colella and E. G. Pucket
4.3.2The solution in physical space.............................................................................904.3.3Miscellaneous tricks............................................................................................904.4Temporal evolution............................................................................................................924.4.1First-order Godunov............................................................................................924.4.2Second-order Godunov........................................................................................92
II.Incompressible Flow
5.Introduction......................................................................................................................................956.The Poisson equation.......................................................................................................................966.1Direct solvers.....................................................................................................................986.2Iterative solvers..................................................................................................................996.2.1Convergence and stability.................................................................................1006.2.2Procedure for implementation of multigrid.......................................................1046.2.2.1Point Jacobi iteration...........................................................................1066.2.2.2Gauss-Seidel relaxation with red/black ordering (GSRB)..................1076.2.2.3Solvability conditions -- the Fredholm alternative.............................1096.2.2.4Boundary conditions...........................................................................1116.2.3Performance of multigrid..................................................................................1136.2.4Time step considerations...................................................................................1166.2.4.1Forward Euler.....................................................................................1166.2.4.2Backward Euler...................................................................................1176.2.4.3Crank-Nicholson.................................................................................1187.The prototype advection equation..................................................................................................1218.The Navier-Stokes equations..........................................................................................................1258.1The treatment of the nonlinear advection terms..............................................................1258.2The incompressible Navier-Stokes equations..................................................................1288.2.1The divergence, gradient and inner product......................................................1288.2.2The Hodge decomposition.................................................................................1298.2.3The projection operator.....................................................................................1308.3The projection method.....................................................................................................1328.3.1The discrete divergence operator.......................................................................1338.3.2The discrete gradient operator...........................................................................1348.3.3The discrete projection operator........................................................................1358.3.4Chorin’s projection method...............................................................................1368.3.5A second-order projection method....................................................................1378.3.6Second-order cell-centered projection methods................................................143References 149

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