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US Fish & Wildlife Service's Eastern Cougar 5 Year Review

US Fish & Wildlife Service's Eastern Cougar 5 Year Review

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Published by Watershed Post
FWS's review of evidence for the eastern cougar, concluding that the subspecies is extinct.
FWS's review of evidence for the eastern cougar, concluding that the subspecies is extinct.

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Published by: Watershed Post on Mar 02, 2011
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11/02/2011

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Eastern puma (=cougar)
(Puma concolor couguar)
 
5-YEAR REVIEW:
Summary and EvaluationMark McColloughU.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceMaine Field OfficeOrono, MaineMarch 2011
 
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5-YEAR REVIEWSpecies reviewed:
Eastern puma (=cougar)
(Puma concolor couguar)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 GENERAL INFORMATION ................................................................................................
 
1.1 Reviewers ..................................................................................................................
 
1.2 Methodology Used to Complete the Review ............................................................
 
1.3 Background ...............................................................................................................
 
1.3.1 FR notice announcing initiation of this review ............................................
 
1.3.2 Listing history ..............................................................................................
 
1.3.3 Associated rulemakings/actions ...................................................................
 
1.3.4 Review history .............................................................................................
 
1.3.5 Species’ Recovery Priority Number at start of 5-year review .....................
 
1.3.6 Recovery plan ..............................................................................................
 
2.0 REVIEW ANALYSIS ...........................................................................................................
 
2.1 Application of the 1996 Distinct Population Segment (DPS) policy ........................
 
2.2 Recovery Criteria ......................................................................................................
 
2.2.1 Does the species have an approved recovery plan containing objective,measurable criteria? .....................................................................................2.2.2 Adequacy of recovery criteria ......................................................................2.2.3 Discussion of how each criterion has or has not been met, citinginformation ...................................................................................................2.3 Updated Information and Current Species Status .....................................................2.3.1 Biology and habitat ......................................................................................2.3.1.1 New information on the species’ biology and life history............................2.3.1.2 Abundance, population trends, demographic features, or demographictrends ………………………………………………………………….…...
 
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Genetics, genetic variation, or trends in genetic variation ………...………2.3.1.4 Taxonomic classification or changes in nomenclature…………..….……..
 
2.3.1.5 Spatial distribution, trends in spatial distribution, or historic range …....…
 
2.3.2 Five-factor analysis …..………………………..………………………….
 
2.4 Synthesis ...................................................................................................................1
 
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3.0 RESULTS ..............................................................................................................................
 
3.1 Recommended Classification ....................................................................................
 
3.2 Recovery Priority Number ........................................................................................3.3 Listing/Reclassification Priority Number .................................................................4.0 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE ACTIONS ...........................................................5.0 REFERENCES .......................................................................................................................
 
Signature Page .....................................................................................................................................
 
Acknowledgments ………………………………………………………………………………….Appendix A. Survey sent to State fish and wildlife agencies………………….……………………
 
Appendix B. Published records of pumas since 1900……………………………………..………..FIGURESFigure 1. Distribution originally assigned to
Puma concolor couguar 
……………………………..Figure 2. Distribution of North American subspecies o
Puma concolor 
recognized by Hall (1981)Figure 3. The geographic ranges of six revised subspecies of pumas as define by mtDNA andmicrosatellite analysis …………………………………………………………………….Figure 4. Puma occurrences with a high level of validity as documented by The Cougar Network..
 
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