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Working Safely Under Motor Vehicles Being Repaired - InDG434

Working Safely Under Motor Vehicles Being Repaired - InDG434

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Published by Marcus
Working Safely Under Motor Vehicles Being Repaired - free guidance leaflet from the Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Working Safely Under Motor Vehicles Being Repaired - free guidance leaflet from the Health and Safety Executive (HSE)

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: Marcus on Mar 03, 2011
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved


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Health and SaetyExecutive
Working safely under motorvehicles being repaired
Health and SafetyExecutive
Working safely under motorvehicles being repaired
This is a web-riendly versiono leaet INDG434
1 o # pages
This lealet is aimed at owners, managers and supervisors o motor vehicle repairacilities – it may also be useul to employees.Working beneath a vehicle is oten required to check or aults, servicing, repairsetc. Because these tasks are so common, people may get used to the act thatthey are working under potentially lethal weights. But, unortunately, serious andatal accidents do happen each year despite the dangers and precautions beingwell known.The lealet includes extracts rom HSE inspectors’ accident reports (mostly atalities)involving people working beneath vehicles in motor vehicle repair. They don’t coverevery danger but include explanations o how you can minimise the most seriousrisks and will hopeully remind you o the consequences o getting it wrong.
Use the correct equipment
A worker was attempting to repair a car away from the workshop using a forklifttruck and blocks of wood to raise it off the ground. It slipped off the forks and crushed him to death.
Key precautions
Always use the right equipment or the job. Don’t be tempted to take short cuts
or use inappropriate items.
Make sure you use all the necessary equipment
A mechanic was replacing a gearbox with a car raised on a hydraulic trolley jack and two wheel-removal jacks. The car slipped from the supports, crushing and killing him.A trainee HGV fitter, working with an experienced mechanic, was fatally crushed when an HGV slipped from a hydraulic jack. Axle stands were available but notused. An almost identical accident, again involving a trainee working with anexperienced fitter, happened three years earlier at a different company.
2 o 8 pages
Health and SaetyExecutive
Saety during tyre inlation in motor vehicle repair
Key precautions
Never work beneath a vehicle that is only supported on jacks; use axle stands
that are in good condition and inspected every year.
Use equipment correctly
Two men were using a chain block suspended from a gantry to remove anengine from a vehicle. As one turned his back on the raised load, the other moved the gantry, which fell onto his colleague’s head, killing him. They were notfollowing a safe system of work.A technician was working on a large vacuum tanker/gulley cleaner, which wasraised on jacks and axle stands. These appear to have suddenly given way,crushing him to death.
Key precautions
Make sure there are sae working procedures in place when moving heavy
loads, particularly when they are raised.Pins or axle stands need to be close-ftting and o the correct specifcation
screwdrivers, bolts etc are not acceptable.For most axle stands you should use no more than a single pair.
Use stands on a hard, level surace, eg concrete.
Securely chock wheels remaining on the ground.
Make sure that each stand is securely located under a strong point on the
vehicle; consult the vehicle manuacturer’s handbook or guidance.Do not exceed the rated capacity o the stand.
  Make sure liting equipment is installed correctly
A two-post lift was installed into concrete of unknown strength. Three peoplewere working under a raised vehicle and moved away minutes before the liftcollapsed without warning. Thankfully, no one was injured.
Figure 1
Car with trolley jack and axle stand on afirm, level surface
3 o 8 pages
Health and SaetyExecutive
Saety during tyre inlation in motor vehicle repair
Key precautions
Make sure the oor and fxings meet the lit manuacturer’s specifcation. I in
doubt, get specialist advice.Once installed, the lit must be tested beore use by a competent person, who
should issue a certifcate.Regularly check the fxing bolts with a torque wrench to ensure they remain tight.
  Maintain liting equipment and train operators to use itcorrectly
A car fell off a two-post lift, killing the mechanic working below. The arms did notlock and the lifting pads were damaged or missing
 Key precautions
Vehicle lits need to be kept in good order. Follow the manuacturer’s
maintenance instructions and replace consumable items, such as liting pads,beore they become unsae.Make sure employees evenly balance the lit or dierent types o vehicle
(ie varying the position according to its centre o gravity and the lit type).In addition, or two-post lits make sure employees:
check that the arm locks show no signs o damage or deterioration to their locking teeth and that they engage ully as the vehicle is lited;check the vehicle is secure by liting to about a metre, confrming the liting pads are positioned correctly, and then rocking the vehicle;use proper pad extensions where required, not blocks o wood; use props or additional vehicle support when removing heavy components. 
Figure 2
A collapsed two-post lift

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