2very slowly. This makes the solar pond both a thermal collector and a long-termstorage device. Performance investigations on a small experimental solar pond were carried outearlier (Dixit
, 1978). A solar pond of 100 m
area at Nagpur in central India isdesigned and simulated. The main aim in the present paper is to present thetheoretical temperature distribution in the non-convective zone of the solar pond.
Assumptions Since the variation in the solar pond occurs very slowly compared to those of thesurrounding environmental conditions, lumped parameter models are assumed for theupper convective zone (UCZ), the non-convective zone (NCZ) and the storage zone.The following assumptions are used in the mathematical model developed to simulatethe solar pond : 1.
The pond consists of three zones, the upper convective zone, the non-convective zone and the lower convective zone.2.
The temperature and density gradients in the non-convective zone areassumed to be linear.3.
The temperature and density gradients in the upper convective zone and in thestorage zone are uniform and perfectly mixed.4.
The edges of the solar pond are vertical.5.
The heat exchange through the side edges is negligible.6.
The surface zone thickness is 0.3 m and the thickness of non-convective zoneis 0.487 m. Calculation of Maximum Storage and Surface Zone Temperatures The equation for the annual temperature variation in a solar pond (Rabl and Nielson,1975) is Where
Tu = Surface zone temperature in (K)Ta = Ambient zone temperature for the mean day of the month at the derived location(K)t = Transmissivity based on reflection and refraction at the air-water interfaceHg = Monthly average global radiationK = Thermal conductivity of water = 0.648 W/m K at 50°C (average)r = angle of refraction)TaTu(1h)e1(
Kjr cosAjk trHgTaTu