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Lecture 05

Lecture 05

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Published by Abdul Ghani Khan
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

TCP/IP – Part III
Prof Indranil Sengupta Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

•ganikhanlmp
Abdul gani khan,
M.Tech ICT
Guatam Buddha University

Lecture 5: TCP/IP – Part III
On completion, the student will be able to:
1. Define port numbers and associations. 2. Explain the differences in the way TCP and UDP works. 3. Explain the functions of the various header fields in TCP and UDP.

1

Introduction
• In TCP/IP, the transport layer consists of two different protocols.
Transmissi
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

TCP/IP – Part III
Prof Indranil Sengupta Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

•ganikhanlmp
Abdul gani khan,
M.Tech ICT
Guatam Buddha University

Lecture 5: TCP/IP – Part III
On completion, the student will be able to:
1. Define port numbers and associations. 2. Explain the differences in the way TCP and UDP works. 3. Explain the functions of the various header fields in TCP and UDP.

1

Introduction
• In TCP/IP, the transport layer consists of two different protocols.
Transmissi

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Published by: Abdul Ghani Khan on Mar 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/07/2012

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Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
TCP/IP – Part III
Prof Indranil SenguptaComputer Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpur
Lecture 5:
TCP/IP – Part III
On completion, the student will beable to:
1. Define port numbers and associations.2. Explain the differences in the way TCP andUDP works.3. Explain the functions of the variousheader fields in TCP and UDP.
 
2
Introduction
In TCP/IP, the transport layerconsists of two different protocols.
Transmission control protocol (TCP).
User datagram protocol (UDP).
Basic idea:
User processes (applications) interactwith the TCP/IP protocol suite bysending/receiving TCP or UDP data.
Both TCP and UDP in turn uses the IPlayer for delivery of packets.
TCP and UDP
Datalink and Hardware Layer(e.g., Ethernet)IPTCP UDPUserProcessUserProcess
 
3
Role of TCP
Provides a connection-oriented, reliable,full-duplex, byte-stream service.
Underlying IP layer is unreliable andprovides connectionless delivery service.
TCP provides end-to-end reliability using
Checksum
Positive acknowledgements
Timeouts
End-to-end flow control.
Role of TCP (contd.)
TCP also handles
Establishment and termination ofconnections between processes.
Sequencing of data that might reachthe destination in any arbitrary order.

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