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Abstracts of Sikh Studies

Abstracts of Sikh Studies

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06/29/2013

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ABSTRACTSOFSIKH STUDIES
 
( Vol. IV, Issue 4)
 
 
October – December 2002
 
GURBANI
2
 EDITORIAL
3
ARTICLES
 Guru Granth Sahib Unique And Universal Scripture    5Martyrdom A Comparative Study      16Miracles And Miracle Men       26Divine Purpose Of Human Life       30Granthi Ji Our Spiritual Mentor      33Deras And The Ecclesiastical Anarchy Among Sikhs    36Concept Of Sikhs As A Qaum       40Injustice To Banda Singh Bahadur      44Genesis Of Anand Marriage Act       46Significance Of The Role Of Women In Society     48Charm And Harm Of The Bottle       53The Sikh Gurdwaras Bill, 1999       57Steps To Invigorate The Panth       67
 REVIEWS
 Hardinge Papers Relating To Punjab      74Kesri Pustak Guru Gyan        77Jathedar Bhai Kartar Singh Jhabbar      79My Lord May I Come In        82Mistaken Identity Of The Sikhs       84The Historical Study Of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s Times    86 
Oral History
88
News & Views
107 
 
GURBANI
N'vh wjbk 5N'vh wjbk 5N'vh wjbk 5N'vh wjbk 5N'vh wjbk 5;fsr[o nkfJU ;ofD s[jkoh ..;fsr[o nkfJU ;ofD s[jkoh ..;fsr[o nkfJU ;ofD s[jkoh ..;fsr[o nkfJU ;ofD s[jkoh ..;fsr[o nkfJU ;ofD s[jkoh ..fwb? ;{y[ Bkw[ jfo ;'Gk fuzsk bkfj jwkoh ..1.. ojkT[ ..fwb? ;{y[ Bkw[ jfo ;'Gk fuzsk bkfj jwkoh ..1.. ojkT[ ..fwb? ;{y[ Bkw[ jfo ;'Gk fuzsk bkfj jwkoh ..1.. ojkT[ ..fwb? ;{y[ Bkw[ jfo ;'Gk fuzsk bkfj jwkoh ..1.. ojkT[ ..fwb? ;{y[ Bkw[ jfo ;'Gk fuzsk bkfj jwkoh ..1.. ojkT[ ..nto B ;{M?d{ih mkjo jkfo gfoU sT[d[nkoh ..nto B ;{M? d{ih mkjo jkfo gfoU sT[ d[nkoh .. nto B ;{M?d{ih mkjo jkfo gfoU sT[d[nkoh ..nto B ;{M? d{ih mkjo jkfo gfoU sT[ d[nkoh .. nto B ;{M? d{ih mkjo jkfo gfoU sT[d[nkoh ..b/yk S'fv nb/y? S{Nj jw fBor[B b/j[ T[pkoh ..1..b/yk S'fv nb/y? S{Nj jw fBor[B b/j[ T[pkoh ..1..b/yk S'fv nb/y? S{Nj jw fBor[B b/j[ T[pkoh ..1..b/yk S'fv nb/y? S{Nj jw fBor[B b/j[ T[pkoh ..1..b/yk S'fv nb/y? S{Nj jw fBor[B b/j[ T[pkoh ..1..;d pyf;zd[ ;dk fwjotkBk ;GBk d/fJ nXkoh ..;d pyf;zd[ ;dk fwjotkBk ;GBk d/fJ nXkoh ..;d pyf;zd[ ;dk fwjotkBk ;GBk d/fJ nXkoh ..;d pyf;zd[ ;dk fwjotkBk ;GBk d/fJ nXkoh ..;d pyf;zd[ ;dk fwjotkBk ;GBk d/fJ nXkoh ..BkBe dk; ;zs gkS?gfoU okfy b/j[fJj pkoh ..2..BkBe dk; ;zs gkS? gfoU okfy b/j[ fJj pkoh ..2.. BkBe dk; ;zs gkS?gfoU okfy b/j[fJj pkoh ..2..BkBe dk; ;zs gkS? gfoU okfy b/j[ fJj pkoh ..2.. BkBe dk; ;zs gkS? gfoU okfy b/j[ fJj pkoh ..2..
Todi Mahla 5
Holy Preceptor ! to your shelter have I come.Pray grant me joy, devotion to the Name Divine, repute.My anxiety annulling (Pause)No other place of shelter I see; exhausted,to thy door have I come.Disregarding reckoning of our deeds, by infinitegrace alone can we get release -Save us lacking in merit (1)The Lord, eternally forgiving, eternally graciousTo all beings grants the prop.Nanak, servant of God, is questing after the holy-Praying, in this life grant him liberation (2)
 
3
N
ANAKSHAHI
C
ALENDAR
EDITORIAL
NANAKSHAHI CALENDAR
In India there had been well established tradition to start a new calendarfrom an event considered significant.  A new calendar was initiated whenevera monarch ascended the throne (date of coronation) during the Muslim rule inIndia.  It was known as monarch’s San-i-Jalus which had been used in thebooks written during the rule of that monarch.  Some of these books are -
Akbar Namah, Tuziki-Jehan-giri, Muasir-i-Alamgiri
etc.  In the field of religion,the new era was counted either from the birth of the prophet or from someimportant event of his life.  The Christian calendar was started from the dateof birth of Christ.  Muslim calendar dates back to the Prophet Mohammad’sexodus from Mecca to Medina.  It is called
Hijri
calendar.  In the north,
Vikrami
calendar had been very popular and it dates back the times of Raja Bikramjitof Kannauj now in Madhya Pradesh.  In the south of India, Saka calendar hasbeen in vogue.  In the north west Nanakshahi calendar had been in use amongthe Sikhs.  Recently, there has started a controversy regarding some reform inNanakshahi calendar.  Calendering reforms do not involve violation of anyreligious tenets nor is it in clash with any other calendar.
Need for Reform
The Sikhs have been celebrating the important days of the Gurus asBhai Gurdas 17th century exponent of the Sikhism has stated
Hoan Balharitina gursikhan bhae bhagat gurpurb karande
( I am sacrifice to those Sikhswho celebrate the days of Guru with devotion).  The Sikhs therefore, havebeen in constant quest to find the actual date relating to birth, succession anddeath of the Gurus.  The literature of 
Gurparnalis
is the result of this quest.Bhai Randhir Singh has compiled these
Gurparanalian
which were publishedby the SGPC, Amritsar and had tried to find out correct dates with the help of newly discovered
Bhatt Vahis
.  Karm Singh who has done pioneering work incalendering wrote
Gurpurb Nirnay
(1912) in which he has discussed andworked out the birth dates, succession dates and death dates of the Guruswhich are considered mostly correct.  He has converted these dates to theChristian calendar viz common calendar.The dates fixed by lunar calculation are variable every year.  They cannotbe fixed once for all.  We celebrate Guru’s dates by lunar calculation as is ourcurrent practice, we are celebrating the day before or after the actual date.  We

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