Why must the flask be shaken gently after adding the flocculant?The water is shaken gently in order to encourage floc particles to clump together. Shaken to fastwill break the large particles apart. However, stirring too slow can prevent the particles toclumps together.2.
Can flocculant be added before coagulant?Coagulant must be first added before flocculant in order to neutralize the charged particles. If flocculant added first little neutralized particles and they cannot agglomerate to form larger particles that can settle under gravity.3.
Coagulation and flocculation are sensitive to many variables. List the variables andexplain its influence in the treatment.These processes will be affected by changes in the water's pH, salt content, and also thealkalinity of the water. It¶s because the levels of pH, salts, and alkalinity in water are all ways of measuring the amounts of positively charged particles (cations) and negatively charged particles(anions) in the water. As a result, all three factors influence the amount of coagulants whichmust be used to remove the turbidity in the water. Then the water treatment will be affected.REFERENCES