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Published by Envaya

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Published by: Envaya on Mar 04, 2011
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Tanzania National context
Tanzania stretches islands of Pemba and Unguja in Zanzibar in the Indian ocean across the highplateau of Eastern Africa, to the rift valley lakes of Tanganyika and Nyasa. The population of 36million people is concentrated into the few areas with high soil fertile such as along the coastalof Indian Ocean, around the Kilimanjaro mountain Lake Victoria and Tanganyika.Tanzania borders with Kenya and Uganda in North, Rwanda and Burundi, Malawi andDemocratic republic of Congo in West. Tanzania borders Mozambique in south. Over 80% of people in Tanzania engaged in small scale agriculture and the production of cash crops. Thecountry’s main exports are coffee, cotton and tea, but tourism is an increasingly important sourceof revenue. One of the country unifying factors is the country’s official language; SWAHILIwhich is spoken universally and used at all levels of the education system.
Background information
Kigoma Region is found in western Tanzania, and is made of four administrative districts,namely; Kigoma Urban, Kigoma Rural, Kasulu and Kibondo districts. The average growth rateof population in the Region is about 4.8%. Kigoma Region is amongst the poorest regions inTanzania and having per capita income of US$ 32.00, approximately TSH 47,070
/- per annum(1US$=Tsh1470 as at September 1
2010).Districts Population Distribution as per Year 2002 Census
Kibondo Population414,764Male 200,381Female 214,383
Kasulu Population628,677Male 299,506Female 329,171
Kigoma RuralPopulation490,816Male 237,342Female 253,474
Kigoma UrbanPopulation144,852Male 70,630Female 74,222
Context and Justification of Interventions
While the refugees’ agencies may bring relief in some socio-economic aspects, there is a myriadof economic challenges in the Region of Kigoma. The refugees’ presence in the Region has
caused some socio-economic problems in the host community. Insecurity and proliferation of illegal small-arms has been rife in the Region. Drug abuse and excessive drinking are commonin the communities of the Region. Drugs used include; bhangi, mirungi, cocaine, chamukwale(an herb indigenous to Kigoma along the shores of Lake Tanganyika and parts of Kasulu districttoo). In Kasulu leaves of Kajwali are also used as drugs. Industrially and locally brewed stuffsare used excessively and therefore contributing to the habitual drunkenness. HIV/AIDS is acommon phenomenon in all the districts and the efforts to fight the epidemic are still notadequate, and the spread of the scourge is still not contained. The NGOs in the region are poorlyequipped to fight the scourge. Sections of the community of Kigoma still have deep rooted socio-cultural prejudices about HIV/AIDS and hence a need for greater involvement in helping thecommunities out.
Information about Ilagala working area.
Ilagala area is located along the shore of Lake Tanganyika in Kigoma rural District in theSouthern part of Kigoma region. It borders with Democratic Republic of Congo in West andBurundi in the Northwest. The population of people in Ilagala is estimated to 35,669 and themajority of them belong to HA ethnic group, relating close to the Hutu of Burundi. People of Ilagala makes their living from growing maize ,Cassava, palm oil trees and beans as major foodand cash crops. Other economic activities include fishing in Lake Tanganyika and two major livers called Malagarasi and Luguvu. There is also livestock keeping and some small scaletrading.
KIOO working profile in Kigoma
KIOO is a local Development organization working with the poor community to eradicatepoverty ant its cause. It began its work in Kigoma in 2001 by working with a total of about35,669 people in Ilagala Division of Kigoma region. KIOO implements education project byenabling the village councils, school committees and parents to identify and find solution toproblem affecting education sector and other development work in the area.Numbers are rounded to nearest whole.73% of the CSOs some mix of service, advocacy andresearch functions in their activities, only 17 % are engaged in single function activities in rural

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