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LEC. Genetics FISHERIES

LEC. Genetics FISHERIES

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Published by joshigauta

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: joshigauta on Mar 04, 2011
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03/31/2013

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Chromosomes of fish
Genes display the mechanism of inheritance and chromosomesdetermine these mechnisms, thus according to W.S. Sutton(1902) the chromosomes provide the physical basis of heredity.
The chromosomes are named from the fact that they can bestained preferentially with certain dyes.
They appear thread-like at certain times and are known to becomposed of linear complexes of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA),the genetic material proper, and histone proteins which arebelieved to have a supporting or structural role.
The number of chromosomes per cell is characterstics of aspecies although in fish some variation can be observedbetween members of the same species and even between cellsin one fish.
 
The chromosome number in the cell of the body is normallymade up of two sets, one of the maternal and one of paternalorigin and this double state is described by the term diploid.
Within the animal kingdom the diploid number of chromosomesvaries from two in some nematodes to over 200 in certainspecies of fish.
A single set of chromosomes of mature egg or spermatozoon isdescribed as a haploid set.
Where more than two sets of chromosomes occur in cells, thecondition is termed polyploid or more specifically, triploids for three sets, tetraploids for four sets and so on.

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