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Published by joshigauta

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: joshigauta on Mar 04, 2011
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³Rural Sociology, Extension Education& Communication´(FEX-321)
References:-‡ G. L. Ray 2006-07, Extension, Communication and Management. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi ‡ O. P. Dhama and O. P. Bhatnagar, Education and Communication for Development. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi ‡ Handbook of Fisheries & Aquaculture. ICAR, New Delhi by Dr. S. Ayyappan‡ S. K. Ray et al., Policy Planning for Agricultural Development. TataMcGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd. New Delhi 
ntroduction to Extension
The word µExtension¶ is derived from the Latin roots µex¶ meaning µout¶ and µtension¶ µstretching¶. Extension is that type of education which stretched out to people in the rural areas far and near, beyond the limits of the educational institutions which the formal type of education is usually confined.
Extension is an education system, and its aim is to bring in desirablechanges in human behaviour.
Education should be conceived as life-long process of learning.
Extension methods are used to educate rural people outside regularlorganised schools & class rooms brining out social & cultural development.
Extension means to extend & to spread useful information & ideas to rural  people.
The National Commission of Agriculture (1976) refers to extension as an in-formal out-of-school education and services for the members of the farm,family & others directly or indirectly engaged in farm production,management, conservation and marketing.
Extension Education
It can be defined as educational process to provide knowledge to the rural  people about the improved practices in the convincing manner and to helpthem to take decision within their specific local condition.
History of Extension
Shantiniketan project In 1908, Rabindranath Tagore started the youth organization in thevillage in Kaligram Pargana. In 1921, he established RRI (Rural ReconstructionInstitute) at Shantiniketan for development of Agriculture, Coopreatives,Industries and Education. The objective was to create interest in people for the rural development and to study the rural problems. These objectives wereachieved by developing village leadership and establishing training centersfor handicraft.

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